Omigawa Domain

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Omigawa Domain (小見川藩 Omigawa-han?) was a minor Japanese domain of the Edo period, located in Shimōsa Province (modern-day Chiba Prefecture), Japan. It was centered on what is now part of the city of Katori. It was ruled for most of its history by the Uchida clan.

In the han system, Omigawa was a political and economic abstraction based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields.[1] In other words, the domain was defined in terms of kokudaka, not land area.[2] This was different from the feudalism of the West.

History[edit]

Omigawai Domain was created for Matsudaira Ietada in 1594, a close associate of Tokugawa Ieyasu. After his death at the Battle of Sekigahara, the domain passed to Doi Toshikatsu, another close retainer of Tokugawa Ieyasu who played a crucial role in the formation of the Tokugawa shogunate. After he was transferred to Sakura Domain, Omigawa was granted to Abe Shigenobu, a retainer of Tokugawa Hidetada, who had also fought at Sekigahara. On his transfer to Takasaki Domain in 1619, Omigawa Domain reverted to tenryo status, directly under the control of the shogunate and administered by a series of hatamoto-level officials. Omigawa Domain was revived in 1724 for Uchida Masachika, who was demoted in status from a 15,000 koku daimyō of Kanuma Domain in Kōzuke Province to 10,000 koku at Omigawa due to crime committed by his father Uchida Masayuki. He was allowed to build a jin'ya in what later become the town of Omigawa, Chiba, where his successors continued to rule until the Meiji Restoration. The final daimyō of Omigawa Domain, Uchida Masanori fought on the imperial side during the Boshin War, and later became an officer in the Imperial Japanese Army, in combat during the First Sino-Japanese War.

List of daimyō[edit]

# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Matsudaira Ietada ( 松平家忠?) 1594–1600 -none- -none- 10,000 koku
2 Matsudaira Tadatoshi ( 松平忠利?) 1600–1601 主殿頭 Lower 5th (従五位下) 10,000 koku
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Doi Toshikatsu ( 土井利勝?) 1602–1610 大炊頭。侍従 Lower 4th (従四位下) 10, 000 koku


# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Ando Shigenobu ( 安藤重信?) 1612–1619 Tsushima-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 16, 000 koku


# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Uchida Masachika ( 内田正親 ?) 1724–1746 Dewa-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 10, 000 koku
2 Uchida Masayoshi ( 内田正美?) 1746–1753 Dewa-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 10,000 koku
3 Uchida Masayoshi ( 内田正良?) 1753–1782 Omi-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 10,000 koku
4 Uchida Masazumi ( 内田正純?) 1782–1806 Ise-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 10,000 koku
5 Uchida Masamoto ( 内田正肥?) 1806–1816 Omi-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 10,000 koku
6 Uchida Masakata ( 内田正容?) 1816–1837 Ise-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 10,000 koku
7 Uchida Masamichi ( 内田正道?) 1837–1851 Bungo-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 10, 000 koku
8 Uchida Masanori ( 内田正徳?) 1851–1863 Tonomo-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 10,000 koku
9 Uchida Masatsuna ( 内田正縄?) 1863–1864 Tonomo-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 10,000 koku
10 Uchida Masaakira ( 内田正学?) 1864–1871 Tonomo-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 10,000 koku

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mass, Jeffrey P. and William B. Hauser. (1987). The Bakufu in Japanese History, p. 150.
  2. ^ Elison, George and Bardwell L. Smith (1987). Warlords, Artists, & Commoners: Japan in the Sixteenth Century, p. 18.

Further reading[edit]

  • Bolitho, Harold (1974). Treasures among men; the fudai daimyo in Tokugawa Japan. New Haven: Yale University Press.
  • Kodama Kōta 児玉幸多, Kitajima Masamoto 北島正元 (1966). Kantō no shohan 関東の諸藩. Tokyo: Shin Jinbutsu Ōraisha.

External links[edit]