Mutsu, Aomori

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Mutsu
むつ市
City
Mutsu City from Kamafuse-yama
Mutsu City from Kamafuse-yama
Flag of Mutsu
Flag
Official seal of Mutsu
Seal
Location of Mutsu in Aomori Prefecture
Location of Mutsu in Aomori Prefecture
Mutsu is located in Japan
Mutsu
Mutsu
 
Coordinates: 41°17′N 141°13′E / 41.283°N 141.217°E / 41.283; 141.217Coordinates: 41°17′N 141°13′E / 41.283°N 141.217°E / 41.283; 141.217
Country Japan
Region Tōhoku
Prefecture Aomori Prefecture
Government
 • - Mayor Jun'ichirō Miyashitai
Area
 • Total 863.79 km2 (333.51 sq mi)
Population (April 1, 2012)
 • Total 59,951
 • Density 69.4/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Thujopsis
- Bird Whooper Swan
Phone number 0175-22-1111
Address 1-1-1, Kanaya, Mutsu-shi, Aomori-ken
035-8686
Website City of Mutsu

Mutsu (むつ市 Mutsu-shi?) is a city located in northeastern Aomori Prefecture in the Tōhoku region of Japan.

As of April 2012, the city has an estimated population of 59,591 and a population density of 69.4 persons per km². The total area is 863.79 km², making it the largest municipality in Aomori Prefecture in terms of area.

Geography[edit]

Mutsu occupies most of Shimokita Peninsula and is bordered by Mutsu Bay to the south and the Tsugaru Strait to the north, and is the northernmost city on Honshū. Much of the city is within the limits of the Shimokita Hanto Quasi-National Park. The volcanic Osorezan Mountain Range extends across the northern portion of the city, and includes a number of caldera lakes.

Neighbouring municipalities[edit]

Climate[edit]

Mutsu has a cold maritime climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb) bordering on a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb) characterized by mild summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall.

Climate data for Mutsu, Aomori
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 1.1
(34)
1.3
(34.3)
4.8
(40.6)
12.0
(53.6)
17.5
(63.5)
20.0
(68)
23.5
(74.3)
25.6
(78.1)
22.1
(71.8)
16.9
(62.4)
10.3
(50.5)
4.2
(39.6)
13.28
(55.89)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.9
(28.6)
−2.0
(28.4)
1.1
(34)
7.0
(44.6)
12.1
(53.8)
15.6
(60.1)
19.5
(67.1)
21.7
(71.1)
17.6
(63.7)
11.8
(53.2)
6.2
(43.2)
1.0
(33.8)
9.14
(48.47)
Average low °C (°F) −5.7
(21.7)
−6.6
(20.1)
−3.1
(26.4)
2.3
(36.1)
7.1
(44.8)
11.8
(53.2)
16.2
(61.2)
18.3
(64.9)
13.1
(55.6)
6.3
(43.3)
1.6
(34.9)
−2.7
(27.1)
4.88
(40.78)
Precipitation mm (inches) 104.5
(4.114)
79.0
(3.11)
77.1
(3.035)
90.1
(3.547)
81.0
(3.189)
105.7
(4.161)
124.8
(4.913)
144.1
(5.673)
166.7
(6.563)
109.2
(4.299)
117.5
(4.626)
97.4
(3.835)
1,297.1
(51.065)
Snowfall cm (inches) 140
(55.1)
119
(46.9)
52
(20.5)
4
(1.6)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
14
(5.5)
86
(33.9)
415
(163.5)
 % humidity 75 75 72 71 74 83 86 85 81 74 72 75 76.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 78.9 95.8 157.8 197.9 219.3 175.4 158.2 155.3 152.2 165.7 107.8 73.6 1,737.9
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [1]

History[edit]

Mutsu was founded as September 1, 1959 through the merger of the former towns of Ōminato and Tanabu. Tanabu had been the location of a daikansho under the Morioka Domain in the Edo period, and was a resettlement and colonization zone for dispossessed ex-samurai of the defeated Aizu Domain after the Boshin War. Ōminato was a port town, and home to the Ōminato Guard District, a major navy base for the Imperial Japanese Navy until the end of World War II. The base facilities were used by the United States Navy during the occupation of Japan, and (on a reduced scale) by the Japan Maritime Self Defence Force to date.

The new city was originally called Ōminato-Tanabu (coupling of the names of two antecedent towns); its name was changed to Mutsu in 1960. At the time, it was the only city with a hiragana name (むつ), which was adopted to avoid confusion with the original kanji word Mutsu (陸奥) which indicates the old province that covered most of the modern Tōhoku region.

On March 14, 2005, the towns of Kawauchi and Ōhata, and the village of Wakinosawa (all from Shimokita District) were merged into Mutsu.

Economy[edit]

The economy of Mutsu is heavily dependent on agriculture, forestry and fishing, especially scallop fishing in Mutsu Bay. The city is also the location for various facilities of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency, and was the home port for the nuclear powered research vessel Mutsu, until its decommissioning in 1997.

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Highway[edit]

Noted people from Mutsu[edit]

Sister city[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]