|Omond McKillop Solandt|
1948 drawing of Omond Solandt from U.S. government Research and Development Board biography on Solandt
September 25, 1909|
|Died||May 12, 1993
Born in Winnipeg, Manitoba, he graduated in medicine from the University of Toronto. He served his internship at Toronto General Hospital and following post-graduate work at the London Hospital, he accepted a permanent position on the staff of the Department of Physiology at Cambridge University, England.
In January 1941, he was appointed Director of the Medical Research Council Physiological Laboratory at the Armoured Fighting Vehicle School at Lulworth, England. He researched problems with tank design and physiological problems of tank personnel.
He was appointed Deputy Superintendent of the Army Operational Research Group in 1943 and Superintendent in May 1944.
Dr. Solandt joined the Canadian Army in February 1944 with the rank of Colonel and continued as Director of the Army Operational Research Group until 1945 when he was appointed Director of the Operational Research Division, South-East Asia Command, and scientific advisor to Lord Louis Mountbatten, then Commander-in-Chief S.E.A.C.
Returning to England in June 1945, he was soon appointed to the War Office as a member of the joint Military Mission sent to Japan to evaluate the effects of the atomic bomb.
The Canadian government appointed him Director General of Defence Research on December 28, 1945, and Solandt helped plan postwar military research. In 1947 he became the founding chairman of the Defence Research Board and served as such through 1956. His Chairman position was at the same level as the Canadian Military Chiefs of Staff, and the Deputy Minister of National Defence.
"I knew of the experimental depatterning procedures used by D. Ewen Cameron. In the early 1950s, the wife of one of my associates sought medical treatment from Cameron at the Allan Memorial Institute. She was depatterned and after seeing her I knew that this kind of work was something the Defence Research Board would have no part in. It was my view at the time and continues to be that Cameron was not possessed of the necessary sense of humanity to be regarded as a good doctor. My views of Cameron and the depatterning procedures were known to him, and I let it be known through Dr. Morton that I would not look favorably upon any application by Cameron to the Defence Research Board for psychiatric research. Cameron never applied for Defence Research Board grants to fund psychiatric research and would never have received such support had he applied." -from affidavit on Donald Ewen Cameron and Project MKULTRA at Allan Memorial Institute in conducting unethical human subject research.
From 1956-63 he was vice president for research and development at Canadian National Railways.
From 1963-66 he was vice president for research and development at De Havilland Aircraft.
From 1963-67 he was president of the Royal Canadian Geographical Society.
From 1965 to 1971 he was Chancellor of the University of Toronto.
He was the founding Chairman of the Science Council of Canada. From 1966 to 1972 he acted as chairman of the council and was thus one of the most influential voices in the science policy debate of that period.
- In 1946 he was awarded the Order of the British Empire in the King's Birthday Honours List.
- In 1947 he was awarded an honorary Doctor of Science from the University of British Columbia.
- In 1950 he was awarded an honorary Doctor of Science from the University of Manitoba.
- In 1954 he honorary Doctor of Law from the University of Toronto.
- In 1968 he was awarded an honorary Doctor of Law from the University of Saskatchewan.
- In 1970 he was made a Companion of the Order of Canada.
- In 1975 he was awarded the Vanier Medal from the Institute of Public Administration of Canada.
- He was a member of the Royal College of Physicians
- "Omond Solant". Canada's Digital Collections. Retrieved March 13, 2005.
- Omond McKillop Solandt at The Canadian Encyclopedia
- 1948 biography of Solandt and picture from U.S. Research and Development Board
François Charles Archile Jeanneret
|Chancellor of the University of Toronto
Pauline Mills McGibbon