Omotesenke

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Omotesenke (表千家?, lit. "front Sen house/family") is the name of one of the three houses or families (家) that count their family founder as Sen Rikyū and are dedicated to carrying forward the Way of Tea that he developed. The other two are Urasenke and Mushakōjisenke. The three are together referred to as the san-Senke (三千家; lit, "three Sen houses/families"). The hereditary name of the head (iemoto) of this line of the family is Sōsa.

The Omotesenke estate, known by the name of its representative tea room, the "Fushin-an" (不審庵), was where Sen Rikyū's son-in-law, Sen Shōan, reestablished the Kyoto Sen household after Rikyū's death. It is located on Ogawa street in the Kamigyō ward of Kyoto. Shōan's son Sōtan soon succeeded as the family heir and head of this estate. The next heir to the estate and family tradition was Sōtan's third son, Kōshin Sōsa, counted as the fourth generation in the Omotesenke family line. Sōtan, when he was ready to retire and gave the headship of the family over to Kōshin Sōsa, established his retirement quarters on adjacent property in the north, building a tiny tea room there, the "Konnichi-an" (今日庵). Eventually, Sōtan's youngest son, Sensō Sōshitsu, inherited that part of the estate, which came to known as the home of the Urasenke.

There are small stylistic differences between the different schools. For example, the Omotesenke school whisks the tea less than the Urasenke school, creating less foam on the top of the tea. Also, Omotesenke uses a susudake chasen, or darkened-bamboo tea whisk, while Urasenke uses untreated bamboo for its chasen or tea whisk.

The Fushin-an estate, where the 3rd generation, Sōtan, lived until retirement, is the home and headquarters of Omotesenke.

The Kitayama Kaikan in Kyoto is a relatively modern Omotesenke facility, where Omotesenke sponsors exhibitions, lectures, and other educational programs for the general public.

Licenses and course of study[edit]

Licenses or permissions are called kyojō (許状), menjō (免状) or sōden (相伝). They allow students to study certain tea procedures.

License Requirements Notes
Nyūmon (入門 entrance) Starting with warigeiko (割稽古 basics) and ryakutemae, basic light tea and thick tea and charcoal procedures and knowledge of Tea Ceremony students can apply for Nyūmon immediately or soon after starting their studies. Nyūmon and Naraigoto can be applied for at the same time.
Naraigoto (習事 things to learn) kumiawasedate, shikumidate, nagao, bonkōgo, hanashomō, sumishomō
Kazarimono (飾物 display) jikukazari, tsubokazari, chairekazari, chawankazari, chashakukazari, daikazari, chasenkazari
Satsūbako (茶通箱 tea box) procedures using the Satsūbako
Karamono (唐物 Chinese ware) procedures using Chinese wares -tea name

-Kōshi (講師 teaching permission)

Daitenmoku (台天目) procedures using the tenmokudai
Bonten (盆点) procedures using a square tray Kyōju (教授 professor)
Midarekazari (乱飾) procedures using a daisu
Shindaisu (真台子 formal tana) procedures using a formal daisu

Warigeiko[edit]

The first skills a student in any Tea school learns are the warigeiko, literally divided or separate training. The warigeiko are skills practiced separately from actual temae (tea or charcoal procedures); since they form the basis of temae, they must be acquired before a student begins making tea. They include:

Basic tea room knowledge
opening and closing sliding doors; walking in the tea room; how and where to sit; how and when to bow; basic guest behaviour including use of fans
Fukusa
folding, opening and handling the fukusa
Natsume
the natsume is the first type of tea container students learn to use. Skills include how to fill the container with tea; how to pick it up, hold it, and put it down; how to purify it
Chashaku
how to handle and purify the tea scoop
Hishaku
how to handle the ladle; special movements for hot and cold water
Chasen
how to handle the tea whisk; how to whisk tea
Chakin
how to fold the tea cloth; how to use it to clean the tea bowl
Chawan
how to handle the tea bowl as both a host and a guest

Generations[edit]

Generation Personal name Buddhist name
1st Rikyu Sōeki (1522-1591) 利休 宗易 Hōsensai 抛筌斎
2nd Shōan Sōjun (1546-1614) 少庵 宗淳
3rd Genpaku Sōtan (1578-1658) 元伯 宗旦 Totsutotsusai 咄々斎
4th Kōshin Sōsa (1613-1672) 江岑 宗左 Hōgensai 逢源斎
5th Ryōkyū Sōsa (1650-1691) 良休 宗佐 Zuiryūsai 随流斎
6th Gensō Sōsa (1678-1730) 原叟 宗左 Kakkakusai 覚々斎
7th Ten'nen Sōsa (1705-1751) 天然 宗左 Joshinsai 如心斎
8th Ken'ō Sōsa (1744-1808) 件翁 宗左 Sottakusai 啐啄斎
9th Kōshuku Sōsa (1775-1825) 曠叔 宗左 Ryōryōsai 了々斎
10th Shōō Sōsa (1818-1860) 祥翁 宗左 Kyūkōsai 吸江斎
11th Zuiō Sōsa (1837-1910) 瑞翁 宗左 Rokurokusai 碌々斎
12th Keiō Sōsa (1863-1937) 敬翁 宗左 Seisai 惺斎
13th Mujin Sōsa (1901-1979) 無盡 宗左 Sokuchūsai 即中斎
14th (current iemoto) Sōsa (1938-) 宗左 Jimyōsai 而妙斎

See also[edit]

External links[edit]