On Leong Chinese Merchants Association

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The Chicago landmark On Leong Merchants Association Building, now Pui Tak Center.

The On Leong Chinese Merchants Association (traditional Chinese: 安良工商會; simplified Chinese: 安良工商会; pinyin: Ānliáng Gōngshāng Huì; Jyutping: On1loeng4 Gung1soeng1 Wui6) or simply Chinese Merchants Association, formerly known as the On Leong Tong (Chinese: 安良堂; pinyin: Ānliáng Táng), is a tong society operating out of its territory in Mott Street in New York's Chinatown. Established in November 1893, the tong fought a violent war for control of Chinatown's rackets and businesses with the Hip Sing Tong. In recent years the Tong has been linked to the Ghost Shadows street gang led by Wing Yeung Chan. Currently, there are over 30,000 registered On Leong members, the majority of them with a commercial or industrial background.[1]

Branches[edit]

On Leong Chinese Merchants Association building in Baltimore Chinatown

The On Leong Chinese Merchants Association has 23 branches in the United States including in:

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Denny Lee, Years of the Dragons Information on the history of Ghost Shadows, New York Times, May 11, 2003.
  • MacIllwain, Jeffrey Scott. Organizing Crime in Chinatown: race and racketeering in New York City, 1890-1910. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, 2004. ISBN 0-7864-1626-2