On Mark Marksman
|On Mark Marksman C N60XX fitted with deepened pressurised fuselage, R-2800 engines and wing tip tanks|
|Manufacturer||On Mark Engineering|
|First flight||January 1961|
|Primary user||executive operators|
|Developed from||Douglas A-26 Invader|
The On Mark Marksman was an American high-speed civil executive aircraft converted from surplus Douglas A-26 Invader airframes by On Mark Engineering. Its antecedents were the On Mark Executive and the On Mark Marketeer.
The On Mark Engineering Company was involved in the maintenance and conversion of Douglas A-26 Invaders for both civil and military customers from 1954 to mid-1970s, The first conversions mainly involved the removal of military equipment and replacement with fairings and civil avionics, sealing of the bomb bay doors, soundproofing, and additional cabin windows. The original "gunner's hatch" was replaced with a larger retractable entrance door, room for baggage was provided in the nose section. They had improved brake systems and fuel systems and uprated engines with reversible-pitch propellers.
Around 1957 the company had developed a major modification that replaced the "carry-through"' section of the rear wing spar with a circumferential steel "ring spar" that freed the fuselage space for better passenger accommodation and cockpit access. Other major improvements included a broad-chord metal-skinned rudder, Douglas DC-6 wheels and brakes, an Auxiliary Power Unit, autopilot and additional fuel tanks inside the wing and the addition of wingtip fuel tanks. It also had an extended fiberglass nose for baggage (or a radar) which increased the overall length by about 26".
The typical package of optional improvements was standardized and marketed as the On Mark Executive. One aircraft (registered N40Y) had all the options embodied and was used for development and was renamed in 1957 as the On Mark Marketeer.
Further development continued into the 1960s into what became the On Mark Marksman. The major difference was the addition of full pressurization. Improvements were also made to the cockpit with the incorporation of Douglas DC-6 flat glass windscreens and cockpit side windows. A replacement fuselage roof structure was added from the new windscreens, tapering back to the original tail section. In January 1961 the first Marksman conversion (registered N100Y) was test flown. A Supplementary Type Certificate was issued in January 1961 and deliveries commenced soon after. With the third Marksman conversion (registered N400E), designated the Marksman C, On Mark further altered the upper fuselage by creating a constant interior height to provide a headroom of about 6 ft in the passenger cabin, fitted for six or eight passengers with toilet and galley.
By 1964, six Marksman conversions had been carried out for civil customers, the final seventh and eighth being of a special purpose version with terrain-following radar and cargo-dropping hatch for low level air-drops, designed by and delivered to CIA-associated companies.
In April 1967, two On Mark Marksman were transferred from Intermountain Aviation, an air service related the US Central Intelligence Agency, to Air America, another air service connected to the Agency. The official role of these aircraft as stated in the specifications provided to Air America from Intermountain in March 1967 was "Aerial resupply, [and] low-level penetration." Both aircraft had been highly modified with a variety of navigation and other electronic equipment for this role.
Between June and October 1967, the first aircraft, re-registered from N900V to N46598, conducted low-level night time supply drops to CIA related forces in Laos during the so-called "Secret War". The program was discontinued because the aircraft was too fast for accurate drops even with the special onboard equipment, and looked too much like a type of strike aircraft known to operate in the theater. This was cited as often causing forces on the ground to be wary of turning on their marking lamps. The aircraft was damaged on takeoff at Takhli Royal Thai Air Force Base after being transferred to Overseas Aeromarine, Inc.
The second aircraft, officially re-registered from N800V to N67623, was intended for the same role but never used. Both aircraft were initially painted in Insignia Blue, plus white trim areas outlined with black pinstripe that led the type to be nicknamed "the Blue Goose."
In the end, both aircraft were handed over to the 1198th Operational Evaluation and Training (OT&E) Squadron at Norton Air Force Base, San Bernardino, California, a unit known for alleged participation in agent dropping and other clandestine missions in Southeast Asia (Project Heavy Chain). The Squadron evaluated the two Marksman, but apparently found no use for them and scrapped both aircraft, which suffered from a chronic Invader issue of nose gear failure.
- Basic conversion of the A-26 as an executive transport.
- Further developed executive transport conversion of the A-26.
- Pressurized executive transport conversion of the A-26.
- Marksman (Special Purpose version)
- Development for covert low-level supply drops.
- Marksman (#2) N26AB (ex 44-34526) stored at Santa Teresa, New Mexico.
- Marksman (#6) N26GT (ex 41-39221) used for training at the South Mountain High School, Phoenix, Arizona.
- Disassembled ( Last known locations )
- Marksman (#4) N99426 (ex 44-35870) waiting possible restoration, stored at Van Nuys Airport, Van Nuys, California.
- Marksman (#5) ZS-CVD (ex 44-34567) (ruin) stored at Drakensberg Truck Manufacturers, near Pretoria, South Africa.
- Crew: 2
- Capacity: 6 to 8 passengers (incl 'jump' seat)
- Length: 53 ft 10 in (16.41 m)
- Wingspan: 71 ft 6 in (21.79 m)
- Height: 18 ft 6 in (5.64 m)
- Wing area: 540 ft² (50 m²)
- Empty weight: 25,200 lb - 27,150 lb for the Special Purpose version (11,429 kg - 12,313 kg for the Special Purpose version)
- Loaded weight: 35,000 lb (15,876 kg)
- Max. takeoff weight: 35,000 lb (15,876 kg)
- Powerplant: 2 × Pratt & Whitney R-2800-CB16/17 "Double Wasp" radials, 2,500 hp (1,500 kW) each
- Maximum speed: 365 mph (317 knots, 587 km/h)
- Range: 2,600 mi (2,260 NM, 4,183 km) 1,600 mi (1,390 NM, 2,574 km) for Special Purpose version
- Service ceiling: 25,000 ft (7,617 m)
- Rate of climb: 1,700 ft/min (8.63 m/s)
- Wing loading: 64.8 lb/ft² (316.55 kg/m²)
- Power/mass: 0.143 hp/lb (106.5 W/kg)
- Related development
- Francillon, René. McDonnell Douglas Aircraft Since 1920: Volume I. London: Putnam, 1979. ISBN 0-87021-428-4.
- The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985) . London: Orbis Publishing, 1985, p. 1498.
- Taylor, John W.R., ed. Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1965–1966. London: Sampson Low, Marston & Co., 1966. ISBN 0-370-00050-1.
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