Sophistical Refutations

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Sophistical Refutations (Greek: Σοφιστικοὶ Ἔλεγχοι; Latin: De Sophisticis Elenchis) is a text in Aristotle's Organon in which he identified thirteen fallacies, as follows:

Fallacies in the language
  1. Equivocation
  2. Amphibology
  3. Composition
  4. Division
  5. Accent
  6. Figure of speech or form of expression
Fallacies not in the language
  1. Accident
  2. Secundum quid
  3. Irrelevant conclusion
  4. Begging the question
  5. False cause
  6. Affirming the consequent
  7. Fallacy of many questions


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