On the Banks of the Old Raritan

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The first few measures of the original version of Rutgers alma mater, "On the Banks of the Old Raritan"

"On the Banks of the Old Raritan" is a song, or alma mater, associated with Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (previously Rutgers College and Rutgers University), in the United States. The original lyrics were written in 1873 by Howard Newton Fuller, an 1874 graduate of Rutgers College.[1] Fuller quickly prepared the song as a school hymn for the college's Glee Club, an all-male choral ensemble, before a performance in Metuchen, New Jersey. Fuller chose to set the lyrics to the tune of melody, "On the Banks of the Old Dundee", a popular Scottish melody regarded as a drinking song, and titled the song for the Raritan River.

Composition and history[edit]

Rutgers College student Edwin E. Colburn (class of 1876) organized the college's Glee Club, an all-male choral ensemble, after noticing that Rutgers was not included when the first edition of the Carmina Collegensia (1869) was published and advertised as a complete collection of American college songs.[2] In 1873, on the night of a performance in Metuchen, New Jersey, Colburn approached his fellow student Howard Newton Fuller (1853– ), to compose a tune and some lyrics that the club could use as an official school song, or alma mater.

Fuller wrote the lyrics in two hours setting them to the tune of a popular melody On the Banks of the Old Dundee. According to a later interview with the Rutgers Alumni Monthly, Fuller stated he chose "On the Banks of the Old Dundee" as the song "immediately struck me that the air of that song had the right melody and the stirring and martial swing for an effective college song." [3][4]

"On the Banks of the Old Raritan" and thirteen other Rutgers songs appeared in the second edition of the Carmina Collegensia, published in 1876.[5]

It is often sung at university occasions, including performances of the Rutgers University Glee Club, and other campus musical groups, at convocation and commencement exercises, and especially at the conclusion of athletic events.

Lyrics[edit]

While there are five verses to the song, typically only the first and last (fifth) verse are sung.

During the University Commencement in New Brunswick, an extra verse (in addition to the first and last above) is included in the singing of the Alma Mater, which goes as follows:

From New Jersey's northern lakes and mountains,
To her southern pines and gleaming shore,
Learning's fair and hallowed place
Joins us every creed and race
As we praise the name of Rutgers evermore.

In August 2013, a new version of the song debuted at the university's convocation with lyrics written by Rutgers Director of Choral Studies Patrick Gardner. While the university's administration has let the Glee Club and Gardner revise the lyrics, other groups within the Rutgers community oppose their adoption and further debate will determine whether they are adopted or discarded. Gardner's revision to the lyrics excises the first two lines, "My father sent me to old Rutgers, and resolved that I should be a man" and changes them to a gender-neutral "From far and near we came to Rutgers, and resolved to learn all that we can."[6] The following line was also changed to "we settled down" instead of "I settled down".[7]

In 1989, several years after Rutgers became coeducational (1972), the University's administration changed the official lyrics to reflect to be gender-neutral, substituting the words "my friends" in place of Fuller's original words "my boys" in the first line of the chorus.[8][9]

Over the years, several organizations on campus have penned additional verses, informal interjections, as well as parodies of these lyrics.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rutgers College and Raven, John Howard (Rev.) (compiler). Catalogue of the Officers and Alumni of Rutgers College (originally Queen's College) in New Brunswick, N.J., 1766–1916. (Trenton, New Jersey: State Gazette Publishing Company, 1916), 162.
  2. ^ Carmina Collegensia. (Boston: Oliver Dison & Co., 1869).
  3. ^ George J. Lukac (ed.), Aloud to Alma Mater. (New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 1966), 70-73. (No ISBN)
  4. ^ "Singing Songs of Scarlet" from the Daily Targum 18 May 2006.
  5. ^ Henry Randall Waite (ed.). Carmina collegensia : a complete collection of the songs of the American colleges : with selections from the student songs of the English and German universities, and popular songs adapted to college singing (Boston: O. Dison; New York: C.H. Ditson, 1876).
  6. ^ Kaminer, Ariel (September 24, 2013). "Rutgers Updates Its Anthem to Include Women". The New York Times. 
  7. ^ "Traditional Rutgers Songs: On the Banks of the Old Raritan (Alma Mater)". Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey. Retrieved 25 September 2013. 
  8. ^ On the Banks of the Old Raritan accessed 12 August 2006.
  9. ^ "Singing Songs of Scarlet" from the Daily Targum 18 May 2006.

External links[edit]