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Part of the Chonan languages of Patagonia, Selk'nam is almost extinct, due both to the late 19th-century Selknam Genocide by European immigrants, high fatalities due to disease, and disruption of traditional society. One source states that the last fluent native speakers died in the 1980s,:92 but another claims that two speakers have survived into 2014. Either way, ethnic Selk'nam descendants still exist and continue to preserve the language.