Onagawa, Miyagi

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Onagawa
女川町
Town
Onagawa urban area in 1975
Onagawa urban area in 1975
Flag of Onagawa
Flag
Official seal of Onagawa
Seal
Location of Onagawa in Miyagi Prefecture
Location of Onagawa in Miyagi Prefecture
Onagawa is located in Japan
Onagawa
Onagawa
 
Coordinates: 38°26′17″N 141°27′00″E / 38.43806°N 141.45000°E / 38.43806; 141.45000Coordinates: 38°26′17″N 141°27′00″E / 38.43806°N 141.45000°E / 38.43806; 141.45000
Country Japan
Region Tōhoku
Prefecture Miyagi
District Oshika
Area
 • Total 65.80 km2 (25.41 sq mi)
Population (June 2014)
 • Total 6,993
 • Density 106/km2 (270/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Cryptomeria
- Flower Sakura
- Bird Black-tailed gull
- Fish Skipjack tuna
Phone number 0225-54-3131
Address 136-banchi Onagawa Onagawahama, Onagawa-chō, Oshika -gun, Miyagi-ken 986-2292
Website Official website

Onagawa (女川町 Onagawa-chō?) is a town located in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. As of June 2014, the town had an estimated population of 6,993 and a population density of 106 persons per km². The total area was 65.80  km².

Geography[edit]

Onagawa is located on the rugged rias Pacific coast of north-central Miyagi Prefecture. Onagawa is a port town, and right at the intersection of two major ocean currents. It is also the location of a nuclear power plant, the Onagawa Nuclear Power Plant.

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

History[edit]

The area of present-day Onagawa was part of ancient Mutsu Province, and has been settled since at least the Jomon period by the Emishi people. During later portion of the Heian period, the area was ruled by the Northern Fujiwara. During the Sengoku period, the area was contested by various samurai clans before the area came under the control of the Date clan of Sendai Domain during the Edo period, under the Tokugawa shogunate.

The modern village of Onagawa was established on 1 June 1889 with the establishment of the municipalities system. The port of Onagawa, with its deep water harbor, was important both commercially and militarily. The port was hit by an air raid on 6 August 1945 which sank several ships, during the closing days of World War II. Onagawa was raised to town status on 1 April 1956.

2011 earthquake and tsunami[edit]

Onagawa after the tsunami

Onagawa was heavily damaged in the 11 March 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami. The tsunami reached 15 metres (49 ft) in height and swept 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) inland, destroying the town centre and leaving over 1,000 people missing, with over 300 confirmed dead.[1][2] At least 12 of the town's 25 designated evacuation sites were inundated by the tsunami. The city had previously been hit and partially destroyed by the tsunami caused by the 1960 Valdivia earthquake.[3]

In an incident widely reported in the Chinese media, Mitsuru Sato, managing director of Sato Suisan, a fish processing company in the town, gave his life ensuring that all the firm's workers, including 20 female Chinese resident trainees, had evacuated safely to higher ground.[4]

Economy[edit]

The economy of Onagawa is largely based on commercial fishing, primarily the cultivation of oysters, and fish processing.

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Highway[edit]

National highways[edit]

Ferry services[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

The town takes pride in the fact that it still has beaches with "squeaking sand", which has apparently become rare in Japan due to human induced environmental changes.[5]

International Relations[edit]

Notable people from Onagawa[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]