Onalaska, Wisconsin

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This article is about the city. For the adjacent town, see Onalaska (town), Wisconsin.
Onalaska, Wisconsin
City
Downtown Onalaska
Downtown Onalaska
Location in the state of Wisconsin
Location in the state of Wisconsin
Country United States
State Wisconsin
County La Crosse
Government
 • Mayor Joe Chilsen
Area[1]
 • Total 10.73 sq mi (27.79 km2)
 • Land 10.13 sq mi (26.24 km2)
 • Water 0.60 sq mi (1.55 km2)
Elevation 700 ft (200 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 17,736
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 18,256
 • Density 1,750.8/sq mi (676.0/km2)
Time zone Central (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central (UTC-5)
Zipcode 54650
Area code(s) 608
Website www.cityofonalaska.com

Onalaska is a city in La Crosse County, Wisconsin. The population was 17,736 at the 2010 census.

Onalaska is built on a slightly elevated ridge above the Black River. Natural areas include both river bottom land and high, heavily wooded, scenic bluffs. A man-made reservoir at the city's western edge is known as Lake Onalaska. Onalaska is known as "The Sunfish Capital of the World."

History[edit]

The original village (now city) was platted by Thomas G. Rowe (New York) and John C. Laird (Pennsylvania) in 1851. In its early days, lumbering and related industries served as a basis for its economy.[4]

The name for the city comes from the poem, "The Pleasures of Hope", by the Scottish poet Thomas Campbell. The original spelling of the name in Campbell's poem was "Oonalaska" (an Aleutian island and fishing village).[5]

Other places named Onalaska are in Arkansas (now defunct), Texas and Washington; they are historically linked to one another through the lumber industry. In Alaska, the modern day city of Unalaska and Unalaska Island are linked to the Onalaskas through Thomas Campbell's poem. Unalaska is the original Oonalaska or Onalaska or "Ounalashka" (Russian spelling) immortalized by Campbell.

Geography[edit]

Lake Onalaska

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.73 square miles (27.79 km2), of which, 10.13 square miles (26.24 km2) is land and 0.60 square miles (1.55 km2) is water.[1]

Onalaska lies immediately north of La Crosse, Wisconsin, on the Black River. It is the second largest city in La Crosse County.

Named streams within the current corporate limits of the city include the Black River, the La Crosse River and Sand Lake Coulee Creek. In the 1930s, the construction of Lake Onalaska resulted in the flooding and eventual disappearance of a shallow, natural body of water, Rice Lake, and several smaller ponds in the Black River bottoms area.

Brice Prairie is an urban reserve area within the City of Onalaska, located below the ridge on which most of the city is situated. It lies to the northwest of the city's current northern border, and is directly on Lake Onalaska.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1910 1,140 —    
1920 1,066 −6.5%
1930 1,408 +32.1%
1940 1,742 +23.7%
1950 2,561 +47.0%
1960 3,161 +23.4%
1970 4,909 +55.3%
1980 9,249 +88.4%
1990 11,414 +23.4%
2000 14,839 +30.0%
2010 17,736 +19.5%
2012 18,256 +2.9%
source:[6]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 14,839 people, 5,893 households, and 4,036 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,631.6 people per square mile (630.3/km²). There were 6,070 housing units at an average density of 667.4 per square mile (257.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.17% White, 0.63% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 2.80% Asian, 0.25% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. 0.95% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,893 households out of which 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.0% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.5% were non-families. 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $47,800, and the median income for a family was $57,264. Males had a median income of $41,335 versus $25,316 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,066. About 4.5% of families and 6.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.7% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 17,736 people, 7,331 households, and 4,792 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,750.8 inhabitants per square mile (676.0 /km2). There were 7,608 housing units at an average density of 751.0 per square mile (290.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.7% White, 1.1% African American, 0.3% Native American, 5.7% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population.

There were 7,331 households of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.6% were non-families. 28.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.96.

The median age in the city was 38.5 years. 24.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.9% were from 25 to 44; 26.5% were from 45 to 64; and 15.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.0% male and 52.0% female.

Education[edit]

Onalaska is served by two school districts, Onalaska and Holmen. Onalaska School District schools include Onalaska High School, Onalaska Middle School, Eagle Bluff Elementary School, Northern Hills Elementary School and Irving Pertzsch Elementary School.

Parochial schools in the city include Luther High School, a Lutheran school, and St. Patrick Elementary School, part of La Crosse Aquinas Catholic Schools.

A Globe University is located in a more commercialized area of Onalaska, somewhat near Eagle Bluff Elementary School.

Media[edit]

  • Onalaska's newspaper is the Onalaska/Holmen Courier-Life.

Economy[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  4. ^ circle alaska hotel tour airline at historyofonalaska.com
  5. ^ "The Pleasures of Hope (excerpt) by Thomas Campbell". Poemhunter.com. 2004-01-01. Retrieved 2012-08-20. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2012-08-20. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ "Tom Newberry Past Stats, Statistics, History, and Awards". databaseFootball.com. 1962-12-20. Retrieved 2012-08-20. 
  9. ^ 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1882,' Biographical Sketch of Frank Pooler, pg. 550
  10. ^ RANDY ERICKSON. "Courierlifenews". Holmencourier.com. Retrieved 2012-08-20. 
  11. ^ 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1952,' Biographical Sketch of Harry W. Schilling, pg. 52

External links[edit]