One Direction discography

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
One Direction discography
English: One Direction, Air Canada Centre, 26 February 2012. From left to right: Harry Styles, Zayn Malik, Liam Payne, Niall Horan and Louis Tomlinson. Location: Toronto, Ontario
One Direction in 2012
Releases
Studio albums 4
EPs 2
Singles 15
Video albums 1
Music videos 14
Other charted songs 29

The English-Irish boy band One Direction has released four studio albums, one extended play, thirteen singles (including two charity singles), a video album and thirteen music videos. They signed with Simon Cowell's record label Syco Records after being formed and finishing third in the seventh series of British television singing competition The X Factor in 2010.[1] They subsequently signed in North America with Columbia Records.[2]

The group's debut studio album Up All Night was released in November 2011. It topped the charts in sixteen countries. The lead single, "What Makes You Beautiful", was an international hit, reaching number one in the UK and number four in the US; it has since been certified four and six times platinum in the US and Australia, respectively. Subsequent singles, "Gotta Be You" and "One Thing", became top ten hits in the UK. The band's second studio album Take Me Home was released in November 2012.[3] The record sold 540,000 copies in its first week in the US and went to number-one in thirty-five countries.[4][5] The album's lead single, "Live While We're Young", became One Direction's highest peaking song in a number of countries and recorded the highest one-week opening sales figure for a song by a non-US artist.[6] "Little Things" and "Kiss You", the succeeding singles, were moderate successes.

One Direction's third studio album, Midnight Memories, was released on 25 November 2013. The album was preceded by its lead single "Best Song Ever" and its critically acclaimed second single "Story of My Life". The album was a commercial success, debuting at number one on the UK Albums Chart and the Billboard 200, making One Direction the first band in history to have their first three albums all debut atop the Billboard 200. With their fourth album, Four, they extended the record to four consecutive number-one albums. To date, the band has sold 6.49 million albums and 23.7 million singles in the United States.[7] World wide, they have sold more than 50 million records.[8]

Albums[edit]

Studio albums[edit]

List of studio albums, with selected chart positions, sales figures and certifications
Title Album details Peak chart positions Sales Certifications
UK
[9]
AUS
[10]
BEL
[11]
CAN
[12]
DEN
[13]
IRE
[14]
NL
[15]
NZ
[16]
SWE
[17]
US
[18]
Up All Night 2 1 7 1 4 1 7 1 1 1
Take Me Home
  • Released: 9 November 2012[3]
  • Labels: Syco, Columbia
  • Formats: CD, digital download, LP
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Midnight Memories
  • Released: 25 November 2013
  • Labels: Syco, Columbia
  • Formats: CD, digital download, LP
1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1
  • BPI: 2× Platinum[21]
  • ARIA: 2× Platinum[36]
  • GLF: Gold[37]
  • IRMA: 3× Platinum[38]
  • MC: 2× Platinum[25]
  • RIAA: Platinum[26]
  • RMNZ: Platinum[39]
Four
  • Released: 17 November 2014
  • Labels: Syco, Columbia
  • Formats: CD, LP, digital download
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Extended plays[edit]

List of extended plays, with selected chart positions
Title Album details Peak chart positions
US
[18]
FRA
[44]

iTunes Festival: London 2012

  • Released: 20 September 2012[45]
  • Label: Syco Records
  • Format: Digital download
140

Live While We're Young EP

  • Released: 28 September 2012[46]
  • Label: Syco Records
  • Format: Digital download
73

Video albums[edit]

List of video albums, with selected chart positions, sales figures and certifications
Title Album details Peak chart positions Sales Certifications
UK
[47]
AUS
[48]
CAN
[49]
US
[50]
One Direction: Up All Night – The Live Tour
  • Released: 28 May 2012[51]
  • Labels: Syco, Columbia
  • Format: DVD
6 1 1 1
  • BPI: 2× Platinum[21]
  • ARIA: 9× Platinum[52]
  • MC: 6× Platinum[25]
  • RIAA: 5× Platinum[26]

Singles[edit]

As lead artist[edit]

List of singles as lead artist, with selected chart positions and certifications
Title Year Peak chart positions Certifications Album
UK
[53]
AUS
[10]
BEL
[11]
CAN
[54]
DEN
[13]
IRE
[14]
NL
[15]
NZ
[16]
SWE
[17]
US
[55]
"What Makes You Beautiful" 2011 1 7 8 7 26 1 63 2 29 4 Up All Night
"Gotta Be You" 3 3 [A]
"One Thing" 2012 9 3 37 17 6 72 16 39
"More than This" 86 49 39
"Live While We're Young" 3 2 7 2 4 1 3 1 23 3 Take Me Home
"Little Things" 1 9 30 20 23 2 2 27 33
"Kiss You" 2013 9 13 30 30 24 7 30 13 50 46
"One Way or Another (Teenage Kicks)" 1 3 5 9 1 1 1 3 28 13 N/A
"Best Song Ever" 2 4 12 2 2 2 5 3 22 2 Midnight Memories
"Story of My Life" 2 3 3 3 1 1 3 1 8 6
  • BPI: Platinum[21]
  • ARIA: 2× Platinum[64]
  • MC: 2× Platinum[25]
  • RIAA: 3× Platinum[26]
  • RMNZ: Platinum[67]
"Midnight Memories"[68] 2014 39 45 4 35 2 3 5 3 12
"You & I" 19 23 17 78 38 7 32 22 21 68
"Steal My Girl" 3 9 15 16 1 3 31 9 18 13 Four
"Night Changes" 7 33 51 20 13 76 11 40 31
"—" denotes single that did not chart or was not released.

As featured artist[edit]

List of singles as featured artist, with selected chart positions
Title Year Peak chart positions Notes
UK
[72]
AUS
[73]
BEL
[74]
CAN
DEN
[75]
IRE
[76]
NL
[15]
NZ
[77]
US
[78]
"Heroes"
(as part of The X Factor Finalists 2010)
2010 1 1
"Wishing on a Star"
(The X Factor finalists 2011
featuring JLS and One Direction)
2011 1 1
  • A charity single for Together for Short Lives.[80]
"God Only Knows"
(as BBC Music and Friends)
2014 20 77
"Do They Know It's Christmas?"
(as part of Band Aid 30)
1 3 1 8 35 1 4 2 63
"—" denotes recording that did not chart or was not released.

Promotional singles[edit]

List of other charted songs, with selected chart positions
Title Year Peak chart positions Album
UK
[83]
AUS
[84]
BEL
[11]
CAN
[54]
DEN
[13]
IRE
[14][85]
[86]
NL
[15]
NZ
[16]
SWE
[17]
US
[55]
"Diana" 2013 58 [L] 3 23 1 2 3 2 55 11 Midnight Memories
"Strong" 48 6 44 3 22 4 1 58 87
"Ready to Run"[87] 2014 44 60 10 29 58 77 Four
"Where Do Broken Hearts Go"[88] 47 90 69 88
"18"[89] 45 84 84 46 87
"Girl Almighty"[90] 65
"Fool's Gold"[91] 74
"—" denotes recording that did not chart or was not released.

Other charted songs[edit]

List of other charted songs, with selected chart positions
Title Year Peak chart positions Album
UK
[83]
AUS
[84]
BEL
[11]
CAN
[54]
IRE
[14][85]
[86]
NL
[15]
NZ
[16]
SWE
[17]
US
[55]
"Na Na Na" 2011 86 27 Up All Night
"Another World" 85 66
"Moments" 118 60 87
"Stand Up" 80
"Up All Night" [B]
"I Should Have Kissed You" 2012 55 71 27
"Nobody Compares" 174 79 [C] Take Me Home
"She's Not Afraid" 171 89 [D]
"Still the One" 197 97 [E]
"Heart Attack" 100 [F]
"Rock Me" 98
"They Don't Know About Us" [G]
"Last First Kiss" [H]
"Loved You First" [I]
"I Would" [J]
"C'mon, C'mon" [K]
"Don't Forget Where You Belong" 2013 21 26 51 31 Midnight Memories
"Half a Heart" 108 82
"Alive" 150
"Better Than Words" 185
"Does He Know?" 130
"Happily" 120 35
"Little Black Dress" 177
"Little White Lies" 149
"Right Now" 173
"Through the Dark" 175
"Why Don't We Go There" 156
"Fireproof" 2014 92 Four
"Stockholm Syndrome" 107 31 99
"Change Your Ticket" 149
"Clouds" 183
"Illusion" 181
"No Control" 135
"Once in a Lifetime" 170
"Spaces" 160
"Act My Age" 140
"—" denotes recording that did not chart or was not released.

Music videos[edit]

As Lead Artist
Title Year Director(s)
"What Makes You Beautiful" 2011 John Urbano[92]
"Gotta Be You"
"One Thing" 2012 Declan Whitebloom[93]
"More than This" Andy Saunders
"Live While We're Young" Vaughan Arnell[94]
"Little Things"
"Kiss You" 2013
"One Way or Another (Teenage Kicks)" One Direction[95]
"Best Song Ever" Ben Winston[96]
"Story of My Life"
"Midnight Memories" 2014
"You & I"
"Steal My Girl" Ben and Gabe Turner
"Night Changes" Ben Winston
As featured artist
Title Year Director(s)
"Heroes"
(as part of The X Factor Finalists 2010)
2010 Unknown
"Wishing on a Star"
(The X Factor Finalists 2011 featuring JLS and One Direction)
2011 Unknown
"God Only Knows"
(as BBC Music and Friends)
2014 Unknown
"Do They Know it's Christmas?"
(as Band Aid 30)
Unknown

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Victoria Nash (13 December 2010). "X Factor's One Direction sign £1m deal". Express & Star (United Kingdom: Midland News Association). Retrieved 20 October 2012. 
  2. ^ James C. McKinley Jr (23 March 2012). "Boy Bands Are Back, Wholesome or Sexy". The New York Times (United States: The New York Times Company). Retrieved 3 October 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "Take Me Home". iTunes Store (in Dutch). Netherlands: Apple Inc. Retrieved 16 November 2012. 
  4. ^ Keith Caufied (20 November 2012). "One Direction's 'Take Me Home' Debuts at No. 1 With Year's Third-Biggest Opening". Billboard (United States: Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved 22 November 2012. 
  5. ^ Tina Hart (29 November 2012). "Imagem Music signs One Direction hit-writer Fiona Bevan". Music Week (United Kingdom: Intent Media). Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  6. ^ Tina Hart (21 October 2012). "One Direction achieve fastest-selling single by a UK act in the US". Music Week (United Kingdom: Intent Media). Retrieved 11 October 2012. 
  7. ^ a b Caulfield, Keith et al. (March 25, 2015). "23 Million Songs, 6 Million Albums & More: One Direction With Zayn Malik, By The Numbers". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved March 25, 2015. 
  8. ^ a b c "One direction - Syco Music". Modest! Management. Retrieved March 17, 2015. 
  9. ^ "One Direction – Official Charts Company" (SELECT "ALBUMS" TAB). UK Albums Chart. United Kingdom: Official Charts Company. Retrieved 2 October 2012. 
  10. ^ a b "Discography One Direction". Australian-charts.com. Switzerland: Hung Medien. Retrieved 26 January 2012. 
  11. ^ a b c d "Discografie One Direction". ultratop.be (in Dutch). Switzerland: Hung Medien. Retrieved 3 October 2012. 
  12. ^ "One Direction Album Chart History: Billboard Canadian Albums Chart". Billboard. United States: Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 28 September 2012. 
  13. ^ a b c "Discography One Direction". danishcharts.com. Switzerland: Hung Medien. Retrieved 1 June 2014. 
  14. ^ a b c d "Discography One Direction". irish-charts.com. Switzerland: Hung Medien. Retrieved 3 October 2012. 
  15. ^ a b c d e "Discography One Direction". dutchcharts.nl (in Dutch). Switzerland: Hung Medien. Retrieved 2 October 2012. 
  16. ^ a b c d "Discography One Direction". charts.org.nz. Switzerland: Hung Medien. Retrieved 3 October 2012. 
  17. ^ a b c d "Discography One Direction". swedishcharts.com. Switzerland: Hung Medien. Retrieved 3 October 2012. 
  18. ^ a b "One Direction Album Chart History: Billboard 200". Billboard. United States: Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 28 September 2012. 
  19. ^ "iTunes – Music – Up All Night (Yearbook Edition) by One Direction". iTunes Store. Republic of Ireland: Apple Inc. Retrieved 3 January 2012. 
  20. ^ a b Jones, Alan (4 December 2013). "Official Charts Analysis: One Direction LP tops 230k sales to become 2013's fastest seller". Music Week (Intent Media). Retrieved 4 December 2013.  (subscription required)
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Certified Awards Search" (TO ACCESS, ENTER THE SEARCH PARAMETER "ONE DIRECTION" AND SELECT "SEARCH"). British Phonographic Industry. 13 February 2013. Retrieved 23 February 2013. 
  22. ^ a b "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2015 Albums". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved 11 February 2015. 
  23. ^ "Veckolista Album – Vecka 36, 7 september 2012 [Weekly List Album – Week 36, 7 September 2012]". Sverigetopplistan (in Swedish). Sweden: Swedish Recording Industry Association (GLF). 7 September 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2012. 
  24. ^ "One Direction to hold global Twitter viewing party for new concert DVD". Music Week (United Kingdom: Intent Media). 30 May 2012. Retrieved 11 June 2012. 
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Canadian certifications – One Direction". Music Canada. Retrieved 20 February 2015. 
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Gold and Platinum > Searchable Database > One Direction". United States: Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). Retrieved 12 December 2012. 
  27. ^ "NZ Top 40 Albums Chart". Nztop40.co.nz. New Zealand: Recorded Music NZ (RMNZ). 1 October 2012. Retrieved 2 October 2012. 
  28. ^ a b c Caulfield, Keith (April 10, 2015). "Billboard 200 Chart Moves: Ed Sheeran Scores His Second Million-Selling Album". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved April 10, 2015. 
  29. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2012 Albums". Australia: Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA). 15 April 2012. Retrieved 4 December 2012. 
  30. ^ "Veckolista Album – Vecka 46, 16 november 2012". Sverigetopplistan (in Swedish). Sweden: Swedish Recording Industry Association (GLF). 16 November 2012. Retrieved 16 November 2012. 
  31. ^ "2012 Certification Awards — Multi platinum". Irish Recorded Music Association (IRMA). Retrieved 8 March 2013. 
  32. ^ "One Direction behaalt platina". NU.nl (in Dutch) (Netherlands: Sanoma Media). 19 December 2012. Retrieved 9 November 2012. 
  33. ^ "NZ Top 40 Albums Chart". Nztop40.co.nz. New Zealand: Recorded Music NZ. 12 February 2013. Retrieved 12 February 2013. 
  34. ^ Lane, Daniel (28 January 2014). "One Direction: behind the scenes of their new video!". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 28 January 2014. 
  35. ^ "IFPI Digital Music Report 2014: Top selling global albums of 2013" (PDF). International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. p. 12. Retrieved 1 January 2015. 
  36. ^ "ARIA Charts - Accreditations - 2013 Albums". Australian Recording Industry Association. November 2013. Retrieved 10 December 2013. 
  37. ^ "Sverigetopplistan - Sveriges Officiella Topplista". Archived from the original on 11 January 2014. 
  38. ^ "2013 Certification Awards — Multi platinum". Irish Recorded Music Association (IRMA). Retrieved 8 March 2014. 
  39. ^ "NZ Top 40 Albums Chart | The Official New Zealand Music Chart". Nztop40.co.nz. 2013-12-02. Retrieved 2014-01-11. 
  40. ^ Bliss, Karen (27 January 2015). "Nielsen: Canada Loved Taylor Swift, Streaming Music and, Yep, Vinyl in 2014". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 30 January 2015. 
  41. ^ "IFPI Digital Music Report 2015: Charting the Path to Sustainable Growth" (PDF). International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 14 April 2015. 
  42. ^ "Veckolista Album – Vecka 5, 29 january 2015". Sverigetopplistan (in Swedish). Sweden: Swedish Recording Industry Association (GLF). 31 January 2015. Retrieved 31 January 2015. 
  43. ^ "New Zealand album certifications – One Direction – Four". Recording Industry Association of New Zealand. Retrieved 6 February 2015. 
  44. ^ Steffen Hung. "One Direction - Live While We're Young EP". lescharts.com. Retrieved 2014-02-27. 
  45. ^ "iTunes Festival: London 2012 – EP". iTunes Store (in Dutch). Netherlands: Apple Inc. Retrieved 29 September 2012. 
  46. ^ "iTunes - Música - Live While We're Young - EP de One Direction". Itunes.apple.com. 2012-09-28. Retrieved 2014-02-27. 
  47. ^ a b c Dan Lane (2 August 2012). "One Direction sell 12 million singles, albums and DVD and Blu-rays worldwide". United Kingdom: Official Charts Company. Retrieved 2 August 2012. 
  48. ^ "One Direction's live DVD reaches 6x platinum after one week". Nova FM (Australia: DMG Radio Australia). Retrieved 9 July 2012. 
  49. ^ Rhian Jones (8 June 2012). "One Direction live DVD hits No.1 in 25 countries". Music Week (United Kingdom: Intent Media). Retrieved 11 June 2012. 
  50. ^ Keith Caufield (6 June 2012). "One Direction's 'Up All Night: The Live Tour' Debuts at No. 1". Billboard (United States: Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved 11 June 2012. 
  51. ^ Lewis Corner (12 April 2012). "One Direction perform 'Moments' on tour – video". Digital Spy (United Kingdom: Hearst Magazines UK). Retrieved 27 April 2012. 
  52. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2012 DVDs". Australia: Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA). Retrieved 2 October 2012. 
  53. ^ Peak positions for singles in the United Kingdom:
  54. ^ a b c "One Direction - Chart history". Billboard. Retrieved 2014-01-11. 
  55. ^ a b c Peak chart positions for singles and other charted songs in the US:
  56. ^ a b c d e f "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2013 Singles". Australia: Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA). Retrieved 8 February 2013. 
  57. ^ a b ultratop.be - ULTRATOP BELGIAN CHARTS
  58. ^ "Veckolista Singlar – Vecka 3, 20 januari 2012 [Weekly List Album – Week 3, 20 January 2012]". Sverigetopplistan (in Swedish). Sweden: Swedish Recording Industry Association (GLF). 20 January 2012. Retrieved 20 January 2012. 
  59. ^ a b "NZ Top 40 Singles". Nztop40.co.nz. New Zealand: Recorded Music NZ (RMNZ). 7 May 2012. Retrieved 2 October 2012. 
  60. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2012 Singles". Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA). Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  61. ^ "NZ Top 40 Singles". Nztop40.co.nz. New Zealand: Recorded Music NZ (RMNZ). 5 December 2012. Retrieved 5 December 2012. 
  62. ^ "NZ Top 40 Singles". New Zealand: Recorded Music NZ (RMNZ). 31 January 2013. Retrieved 1 March 2013. 
  63. ^ "NZ Top 40 Singles Chart". New Zealand: Recorded Music NZ (RMNZ). 11 February 2013. Retrieved 1 March 2013. 
  64. ^ a b c "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2014 Singles". Australia: Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA). Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  65. ^ "NZ Top 40 Singles Chart". New Zealand: Recorded Music NZ (RMNZ). 18 March 2013. Retrieved 29 June 2013. 
  66. ^ "NZ Top 40 Singles Chart". New Zealand: Recorded Music NZ (RMNZ). 21 October 2013. Retrieved 19 October 2013. 
  67. ^ "NZ Top 40 Singles Chart". New Zealand: Recorded Music NZ (RMNZ). 30 December 2013. Retrieved 11 January 2014. 
  68. ^ "Liam Payne ‘I Wrote Midnight Memories’ | OCEANUP TEEN GOSSIP". Oceanup.com. 2014-01-24. Retrieved 2014-02-27. 
  69. ^ "NZ Top 40 Singles Chart". New Zealand: Recorded Music NZ (RMNZ). 15 December 2014. Retrieved 20 December 2014. 
  70. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2015 Singles". Australia: Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA). Retrieved 8 March 2015. 
  71. ^ "NZ Top 40 Singles Chart". New Zealand: Recorded Music NZ (RMNZ). 9 February 2015. Retrieved 10 February 2015. 
  72. ^ Peak positions for the charity singles in the UK:
  73. ^ http://www.charts.org.nz/showitem.asp?interpret=Band+Aid+30&titel=Do+They+Know+It%27s+Christmas%3F+%282014%29&cat=s
  74. ^ http://www.ultratop.be/nl/song/14b33b/Band-Aid-30-Do-They-Know-It's-Christmas-(2014)
  75. ^ http://www.danishcharts.com/showitem.asp?interpret=Band+Aid+30&titel=Do+They+Know+It%27s+Christmas%3F+%282014%29&cat=s
  76. ^ Peak positions for charity singles in Ireland:
  77. ^ http://charts.org.nz/showitem.asp?interpret=Band+Aid+30&titel=Do+They+Know+It%27s+Christmas%3F+%282014%29&cat=s
  78. ^ Band Aid 30: "Band Aid 30 - Chart history". Billboard. Retrieved 31 January 2015. 
  79. ^ "X Factor: finalists cover David Bowie for charity". Newsbeat (United Kingdom: BBC). 15 October 2010. Retrieved 19 October 2010. 
  80. ^ Colin Daniels (5 November 2010). "One Direction and JLS join X Factor Charity Single". Digital Spy (Hearst Magazines UK). Retrieved 2 October 2012. 
  81. ^ "BBC - BBC Children in Need - BBC Music’s God Only Knows in aid of BBC Children in Need". BBC. 
  82. ^ "Do they know it's 2014? Geldof puts Band Aid back together 30 years after it first topped the chart". Daily Mail. 10 November 2014. Retrieved 11 November 2014. 
  83. ^ a b Peak positions for other charted songs in the UK:
  84. ^ a b Peak positions for other charted songs in Australia:
  85. ^ a b GFK Chart-Track
  86. ^ a b "GFK Chart-Track". 
  87. ^ "iTunes - Music - FOUR (Deluxe Version) by One Direction". iTunes. 
  88. ^ "iTunes - Music - FOUR (Deluxe Version) by One Direction". iTunes.  (Promotional track is highlighted)
  89. ^ "iTunes - Music - FOUR (Deluxe Version) by One Direction". iTunes.  (Promotional track is highlighted)
  90. ^ "iTunes - Music - FOUR (Deluxe Version) by One Direction". iTunes.  (Promotional track is highlighted)
  91. ^ "iTunes - Music - FOUR (Deluxe Version) by One Direction". iTunes.  (Promotional track is highlighted)
  92. ^
  93. ^ "One Direction - One Thing (Behind the Scenes)". YouTube. United States: Google, Inc. 26 January 2012. Retrieved 8 April 2012. 
  94. ^ * For "Live While We're Young": Jason Lipshutz (20 September 2012). "One Direction Releases 'Live While We're Young' Single, Video: Watch". Billboard (United States: Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved 20 September 2012. 
  95. ^ Julia Carey and Ali Bauersfeld. "Watch 1D's "One Way Or Another" video". Seventeen. Retrieved 22 February 2013. The boys saved money by making this video themselves 
  96. ^
  97. ^ a b "Bubbling Under Hot 100 – Issue Date: 28 April 2012". Billboard. United States: Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 24 November 2012. 
  98. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Bubbling Under Hot 100 – Issue Date: 1 December 2012". Billboard. United States: Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 24 November 2012. 

External links[edit]