One Double X

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One Double X
1XX
One Double X Logo 2015
Broadcast area Whakatane, New Zealand
Format Adult hits
Class Terrestrial/Internet
Owner Radio Bay of Plenty
Webcast 1XX Webcast
Bayrock Webcast
Website 1XX Official website
Bayrock Official website

One Double X (abbreviated as 1XX) is a radio network in Whakatane, New Zealand. As the flagship network of Radio Bay of Plenty, it reaches the entire Bay of Plenty, with specific frequencies Ōhope Beach and Te Puke and live streaming on its website. It also owns and operates subsidiary network Bayrock in the Bay Of Plenty and Ōhope Beach, with an additional frequency in Wanaka in the South Island and similar live-streaming on a separate website.

The New Zealand radio market is mostly consolidated into large nationwide networks with powerful brands and limited local content. One Double X is uniquely placed in this market, producing its own independent local programming and news coverage for the Bay of Plenty with a specific focus on the eastern part of the region. The network carries and contributes to national news bulletins produced by NZME Radio through Newstalk ZB.

History[edit]

The station began broadcasting to the Eastern Bay Of Plenty on 1240 kHz at 10:30 am on 30 June 1971. The original company name was Radio Whakatane but changed to Radio Bay Of Plenty in 1978 when the station's AM frequency also changed to 1242 kHz. In the mid-late 1970s 1XX 1240 was also known on air from time to time as Coastline Radio, Coastline One 24, Coastline 1-2-4, One 24 Double X or Coastline Double X. 1XX began broadcasting on 90.5 MHz at 12:12:12 pm on 12 December 1988.[1]

Early years[edit]

The Strand in Whakatane, about four years after the station started in 1971.

The idea of a locally based and privately owned Eastern Bay of Plenty station was first floated in 1969, prompted by the efforts of pirate station Radio Hauraki, broadcasting to Auckland from boats in the Hauraki Gulf. The station was granted a broadcasting license in 1970, with the 1 in the call-sign signifying the upper North Island location, the first X representing private ownership and the second X chosen by the station. Its original slogan included the words "from the Eastern Bay of Plenty, wherever you may go, the entertainment's better when you dial 1 2 4 0".

Broadcasting Minister H.J. Walker officially opened the station at 10.30am on Wednesday 30 June 1971. It initially broadcast 19.5 hours of live original local content from 5.00am to 12.30am each day with additional 24-hour licenses granted during some summer holiday seasons. The station was not allowed to broadcast advertising on Sundays and did all its own local and international news and sports reporting. It gave away one of the country's first colour televisions in a contest in 1974. It was also the feature of a television documentary in July 1977.[2]

FM broadcasting[edit]

The One Double X playlist was dominated by popular music and from the mid-1970s the network played several weekly programmes imported from the United States. These included American Country Countdown and the American Top 40 countdown show with radio celebrity Casey Kasem. In 1982, One Double X became New Zealand's first radio station to broadcast in FM stereo, broadcasting a separate output on the 90.7 frequency. It included a broader range of music, used the One Double X production studio and often broadcast remotely in the 1XX Sound Cruiser caravan. Current 1XX breakfast announcer Craig Bain was the first broadcaster to be heard on FM stereo in New Zealand, and the first song he played was Turn Me Loose by Loverboy.

One Double X became a major source of information for Bay of Plenty residents during the 1987 Edgecumbe earthquake. Local newsreader Chris Bullen provided an initial report on 2 March that "a series of what the D.S.I.R. describes as major earthquakes have hit the Eastern Bay of Plenty this afternoon". The station was taken off-air for 30 to 40 minutes due to a landline disconnection, but a radio link allowed the station to get back on air. Announcer Cliff Stockwell and newsreader Chris Bullen hosted around-the-clock coverage, while outdoor broadcast equipment allowed staff to provide live updates from the Civil Defence bases in Whakatane, Kawerau and Edgecumbe. A similar approach was taken to reporting a mini tornado in Whakatane later that year.

The complete transition to FM broadcasting was made on 12 December 1988. Announcer Terry Casserly had to ad-lib during the opening broadcast, when a live cross to company chairman Ross Neiderer was lost to dead air. The 90.5 FM from Mount Putauaki was the most powerful FM signal in the Bay of Plenty and was used as the station's main frequency, with a simulcast on the station's previous AM frequency. Another frequency on 93.0 FM was used to relay 1XX in Ohope Beach from Waitangi Day 4 February 1989.[3]

Stations[edit]

One Double X[edit]

Whakatane Harbour

One Double X continues to broadcast on both its AM and FM frequencies. It is heard throughout the Bay Of Plenty on 90.5 MHz & 1242 kHz, at Ōhope Beach on 92.9 MHz, in Te Puke on 89.0 MHz and also streams on the web through the station's website. 1XX still operates as a completely local radio station today. One Double X is the emergency broadcaster for much of the Bay of Plenty, with sirens and civil defence services encouraging people to tune into the station for emergency information. In 2013, the station had to respond to a false alarm that prompted several people to listen to station or contact the studio for more information.[4]

The stations breakfast show (6am-10am) is hosted by Colin Magee and includes news, upbeat music, clips from comedy shows, competitions and local information relating to the Eastern Bay of Plenty. The day programme (10am-2pm) is presented by Kathie Guy and includes requests, community event listngs, a Top 20 Countdown of country music and news updates. The drive show (2pm-7pm) is hosted by Mark Eagle and includes music, sports discussions, entertainment news, competitions and humour. The evening show (7pm-12am) is hosted by L.J. Dobbin and includes a 9 @ 9 countdown, album reviews and hourly news updates. There is also a Saturday Morning Sports Preview programme with Tony Kirby.[5]

The station's frequencies are:

Bayrock 97.7FM[edit]

In summer 1993/1994 1XX ran an album rock format station, Bayrock 97.7FM. Bayrock went on the air on 26 December 1993 and ran to 6 February 1994. After many petitions, letters and phone calls Bayrock was brought back on a permanent basis on 8 July 1994. Bayrock still operates as a completely local radio station today.

Bayrock is heard throughout the Bay Of Plenty on 97.7 MHz and at Ōhope Beach on 99.3 MHz. Bayrock also broadcasts into Wanaka in the South Island on 93.0 MHz and now streams online. Its programming includes Bayrock Breakfast with LJ, a Bayrock Workday themed show, a drive show, the Bayrock Hard Show every evening, and a late night Killa Kiwi and Midnight Metal shows.[6]

The station's frequencies are:

Defunct stations[edit]

92.9 Kiwi FM[edit]

Giant kiwifruit in Te Puke.

In September 2001 Radio 1XX started a small local station in Te Puke called 92.9 Kiwi FM as a short term station for the annual Kiwifruit Festival, the station went back on the air in September 2002 and 2003. A local breakfast show was broadcast to Te Puke residents between 6 am and 10 am and outside these times the 1XX programme was played. The station reached Puke, Tauranga, Mount Maunganui, Rotorua and Matata and was not related to Kiwi FM network stations operated by MediaWorks NZ.

In November 2004 92.9 Kiwi FM extended to round-the-year broadcasting, with local programming 6am-6pm Monday–Friday and 6am–10am Saturday. Outside this time the 1XX programme was simulcast. Kiwi FM changed frequency to 89.0FM in early 2011 but shut down local operations on 27 May 2011 and now broadcasts the 1XX programme 24/7.

Station founder Debbie Chote said the station was "all about the positives, we just don't talk negative" and was all about making people smile. She put the closure down the economic climate reducing demand for advertising, and said the station was no longer commercially viable and the closure was "a sign of the times". The closure was also met with disappointment from local businesses that had advertised on the station.[7]

Summer stations[edit]

In January 1982 1XX ran a short term station as the first FM stereo radio station in New Zealand, under the name FM 90.7. It ran from 5 January until 31 January 1982, and over the summer of 1982 to 1983. It was only on the air from 16:00 to midnight and outside these broadcast times the station was simply off the air, as 1XX was not allowed to broadcast their programme on this FM frequency. The programme was completely separate to the 1XX programme that continued to broadcast on AM, and 1XX did not begin permanently broadcasting on FM until 1988.

The station only operated during the late afternoon and evenings from 4pm to midnight operating 2 shifts. Each night of the week FM 90.7 would play a different format programme to cater to different audiences. Monday was country music, Tuesday was album rock, Wednesdays were classical music, Thursdays were jazz music and Fridays were rock music and soul music. On Saturdays, top 40 music got its first play on FM radio in New Zealand, while Sundays were dedicated to big band music and "beautiful music".[8]

In Summer 1987/1988 1XX ran another summer FM station from Ōhope Beach – 93 Splash FM. Splash FM began broadcasting in December 1987 and ran to May 1988. The Splash FM programme was simulcast on 1XX between 7pm and 6am the next morning while Splash FM was on the air. During this time the Rock N Roll 500 was played. In Summer 1991-1992 99.3 Moro FM was also run from Ōhope Beach by 1XX, under sponsorship from Moro chocolate bar manufacturer Cadbury. The 1XX programme was played on Cadbury Moro FM between 11pm and 6am the next morning.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "one-double-x History". 18 October 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2014. 
  2. ^ "one-double-x History". 18 October 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2014. 
  3. ^ "one-double-x History". 18 October 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2014. 
  4. ^ "Inquriy into false tsunami alert". 18 October 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2014. 
  5. ^ "one-double-x On Air". 18 October 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2014. 
  6. ^ "Bayrock Real Music". 18 October 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2014. 
  7. ^ "End of an era with Kiwi FM". 18 October 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2014. 
  8. ^ FM 90.7 History