One Less Nuclear Power Plant

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One Less Nuclear Power Plant is the energy policy initiative of Seoul Metropolitan Government, Republic of Korea. In order to address the energy crisis and climate change, the city of Seoul aims to replace the capacity of one nuclear reactor (2 million TOE) with the energy it saves with its citizens and produce from new and renewable energy sources including solar power by 2014, while raising the city′s electricity self-supply from 3% in 2011 up to 20% by 2020. [1] [2] [3]


The ″One Less Nuclear Power Plant″ campaign takes a multi–faceted approach, consisting of 71 specific projects in 6 policy categories––expansion of new and renewable energy, retrofitting buildings, green and efficient transportation system, green job creation, urban redesign into a low–energy city, low–energy citizen lifestyle––which can be re–categorized in 10 key action plans.

10 Key Action Plans[edit]

Sunlight City[edit]

The city aims to install solar panels everywhere in Seoul to produce clean energy infinitely.

Energy self-supply of core facilities[edit]

In order to ensure that core public facilities of the city are not paralyzed and able to maintain the operation even if a sudden large-scale blackout occurs, Seoul city builds hydrogen fuel cell stations and small scale hydro plants for a stable power supply.

Building Retrofit Program (BRP)[edit]

For three years from 2012 to 2014, Seoul will implement a BRP on some 12,200 buildings including high–energy–consuming buildings, mid–to–large–sized buildings, individual houses, office buildings, public rental houses, municipal welfare facilities and schools.

City of Smart Lights[edit]

Seoul replaces lighting devices in public offices, street furniture, subway stations, underground shopping centers, large office buildings, department stores and other multi–use facilities with highly energy–efficient LEDs.

2030 City Master Plan[edit]

The city introduces ″energy consumption cap″ from the process of conceiving and evaluating urban development and regeneration plans.

Stricter building design standards[edit]

New buildings are required to introduce the ″energy consumption cap″ and follow the ″green building design guidelines″.

Car sharing[edit]

The city has launched and is working to expand the car–sharing scheme, under which drivers co–use cars only when they need to drive, instead of owning a car.

Green job creation[edit]

By fostering green industry for Seoul, the city of Seoul invests from a long–term perspective for an ongoing creation of green jobs.

Energy–saving citizen lifestyle[edit]

In order to let citizens initiate, conduct and expand the energy saving movement, the city government has organized a citizen commission and executive committee for the ″One Less Nuclear Power Plant″ initiative. With the Eco–Mileage program designed to promote energy conservation for the future generation and the Energy Guardian Angel Corps organized to lead energy–saving actions, the city government works on a variety of projects to promote green lifestyle among citizens in neighborhood, at home and school.

Seoul Natural Energy Foundation[edit]

Seoul city works to create a foundation to lead the energy policy shift and implement the projects in a more organized way.


The BI illustrates an idea of ″healing the cities, healing the Earth″.
Healthy thoughts and actions make the cities brighter and the healthier cities make the Earth healthier. CEO Dongmin Ahn of Intergram Graphics Co. Ltd. contributed to the development of BI, selected from a public contest among citizens.


  • Your effort to save energy means one less nuclear power plant
  • A new energy culture that citizens create, a happy change that changes Seoul
  • Energy we save together, one nuclear power plant we spare together

The slogans of ″One Less Nuclear Power Plant″ initiative were selected from a public contest.


Dongeuri the Sunlight Angel is the mascot of Seoul′s ″One Less Nuclear Power Plant″ initiative, symbolizing the face of Seoul citiznes who strive to save energy and produce energy themselves. Hoseob Yoon, Kookmin University professor emeritus contributed to the mascot design.