One O'Clock Lab Band

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One O'Clock Lab Band
One O'Clock Lab Band Birdland 2009.jpg
Poster: 2009 Performance in New York
Background information
Genres Jazz, Big band
Years active 1948–present
Website www.theoneoclock.com

The One O’Clock Lab Band for 66 years has been the premier ensemble of the Jazz Studies Division at the University of North Texas College of Music in Denton. The band has performed and toured in Australia, Canada, England, Finland, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Switzerland, Thailand, and The Netherlands. Since the 1970s, the band’s albums have received six Grammy nominations, including two for Lab 2009. Since 2008, the One O’Clock has been performing under the direction of Steve Wiest, a three-time Grammy-nominated composer-arranger-director and Associate Professor of Music.[1] The One O’Clock is the highest of nine peer lab bands at the college, each named for its hour of rehearsal and each a standard 19-piece big band instrumentation — five saxophones, five trombones, five trumpets, piano, guitar, bass, and drums.[2] The One O’Clock evolved from an extracurricular stage band founded in 1927 into a curricular laboratory dance band in 1947 when North Texas launched the first jazz degree program in the world. For the next 20 years — until 1967 — North Texas was the only US university that offered a degree in jazz studies.[3]

Name[edit]

The "Lab Band" portion of the name is drawn from the its original long name – "Laboratory Dance Band." Gene Hall, the founding director, coined the phrase in 1946. "Laboratory" signified the school's practical curricular application of artistic disciplines in various music settings such as ensembles, small chamber groups, bands, orchestras, choirs, keyboard ensembles, and guitar ensembles. "Dance" was dropped in the early 1960s, to reflect the wider developing aspects of big band music. The academic degree name, "Dance Band," however, stood until 1978, when it was renamed "Jazz Education" and renamed again in 1981 as "Jazz Studies."

Leon Breeden (1921–2010) presided when "The One O'Clock" was added as part of the official name in the early 1960s. North Texas has several lab bands, each bearing the name of their respective rehearsal times.

When Leon Breeden took over the Lab Band Program in 1959, there were four lab bands, then referred to as "Units:" One O'Clock, Two O'Clock, Three O'Clock, and Five O'Clock. At that time, the Two O'Clock was the premier band,[4] known as Laboratory Dance Band A.

History[edit]

Stage band[edit]

Beginning in 1927, new faculty member Floyd Graham began directing and emceeing Saturday night stage shows at North Texas State Teachers College, planning the programs and holding auditions every Saturday afternoon for prospective entertainers. Years earlier, as early as 1923, WBAP Fort Worth broadcast a nationally syndicated show of the stage band, which then was a twenty-two-piece orchestra, on Friday nights[5] directed by James Willis Smith (1875–1937), professor of mathematics at North Texas from 1908 to 1927.

The Stage Band (1927-mid-1930s) served as a proving ground for Ann Sheridan, Joan Blondell, and Louise Tobin. Actress Nancy Jane Gates first performed with the Stage Band in 1929, when she was three, and continued singing through graduation from Denton High School.[6] The Moonbeams, a quartet of four female vocalists, got their start with the Saturday night stage show in 1946. Two years later, they were touring with the Vaughn Monroe Band as the Moonmaids.[7]

Charter Members from 1927 Stage Band

  • J.B. Woodrum, drums
  • John Brown, bass,

Notable Members from the Fall 1940 Stage Band

Saxophones
Eugene Hall (1913-93)
Henry Roland Elbert
Manuel Myer
Jimmy Giuffre (1921-08)
Trombone
Dick Allen (1920-44) †
Charles LaRue (1922-06)
Trumpets
Henry Parker
Tommy Reeves
Alton Roger Averyt (1919-72)
Violin
Guy E. Bush
Fred Sherman Parker
Arthur Davis
Roy Roaston
Rhythm section
Ralph T. Daniel, piano (1921-85)[8]
Earl Edward Colbert, guitar (1917-92)
John Brown, bass,
J.B. Woodrum, drums

† Capt. James Richard Allen was missing in action at sea, World War II[9]

Aces of Collegeland[edit]

The Aces, under the directorship of Floyd Graham, evolved out of the Saturday Night Stage Shows, which were presented weekly from 1927 to 1961. Annually, from 1962 to 1970, the Aces, together with other acts, traveled and performed for civic organizations, veterans’ hospitals, WFAA radio, and Texas military bases. The Aces of Collegeland was never offered for academic credit.[citation needed]

The Lab Band: Voice of America Jazz Hour[edit]

Willis Conover (1920–1996), jazz host on Voice of America, broadcast six nights a week to an audience that, at the peak of the Cold War, was estimated to be 30 million regular listeners in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union — and as many as 100 million worldwide.[10] Conover, who had heard the One O'Clock Lab Band several times, including as judge at the 1960 Notre Dame Jazz Festival (when Leonard Bernstein was on the festival's board), asked Leon Breeden, in 1967, for recordings of certain numbers. Later that year, Conover featured the One O'Clock Lab Band in an hour broadcast to an estimated audience of 40 million.[11] Every year thereafter, the One O’Clock supplied a professional quality studio engineered album to Conover.

Jazz was, as Mr. Conover liked to say, "the music of freedom;" and to those who had no freedom, it became a metaphor of hope. Conover was known as the most famous American virtually no American had ever heard of. By law, the Voice of America broadcasts — broadcasts that made him a household name in Europe, Asia and Latin America — could not be beamed to the United States, where Mr. Conover was known mainly to dedicated jazz fans.

Directors[edit]

  • 1924–1927: James Willis Smith (1875–1937), professor of mathematics from 1908 to 1927, founded the "college band."
  • 1927–1947: Floyd Graham founded several musical groups, including The Aces of Collegeland, a pit orchestra for silent films, and stage bands for weekly variety shows – none of these musical groups were ever offered for college credit.
  • 1946–1947: Charles Holton Meeks (1922–1976), grad student, fill-in for Gene Hall.[12][13][14]
  • 1947–1959: Gene Hall conceived and founded jazz education leading to a degree at a university and was the Lab Band's first director.
  • 1949–1950: Claude R. Lakey, a saxophonist and student at North Texas (graduated 1950), by invitation of Gene Hall, conducted what then was the Two O'Clock Laboratory Dance Band (the forerunner to the One O'Clock). Before attending North Texas, Lakey had been a member of the Gene Krupa, Harry James (5 years, 7 movies, numerous recordings) Benny Goodman, and Glenn Miller Orchestras.
  • 1959–1981: Leon Breeden chaired the Jazz Studies Division and directed the One O'Clock for twenty-two years.
  • 1981–2008: Neil Slater, the band's third full-time director, led the band for twenty-seven years, becoming its longest tenured director.
  • 2008–present: Steve Wiest became the One O'Clock's fourth director March 2009, after having served as interim director the year prior.

Recent albums[edit]

Liner notes; Video Montage
  1. "Sno Peas," composed by Phil Markowitz and arranged by Richard DeRosa
  2. "Dark Matters," composed by Dave Richards
  3. "Another Other," composed by Neil Slater
  4. "Li'l Darlin'," composed by Neal Hefti and arranged by Kevin Swaim
  5. "Unformal," composed by Dave Richards
  6. "Time Sensitive," composed by Neil Slater
  7. "Here Comes McBride," composed by Dave Brubeck and arranged by Dave Richards
  8. "November," composed by John Guari
  9. "Ice-Nine," composed by Steve Wiest
Liner notes; Montage
  1. "House of Cards" (video), Kevin Swaim
  2. "Not Yet", Neil Slater
  3. "The Oracle" (video), Kevin Swaim
  4. "New Cydonia" (video), Steve Wiest
  5. "Fly Me to the Moon," Bart Howard, arr. Tierney Sutton, adapt. Dave Richards
  6. "Prime Directive," Dave Holland, arr. Josh Dresser
  7. "Newport," Slide Hampton
  8. "Pretzel Logic," Walter Becker and Donald Fagen, arr. Fred Sturm
  9. "Sword Fight," Dave Richards
  • Lab 2011 was released late August 11, 2011 (CD &DVD) — OCLC 774025959
HD Video Montage
  1. "Modus Operandy" (video), composed by Michael Brecker, arranged by Kevin Swaim
  2. "Duplicity," composed and arranged by Colin Campbell
  3. "Perseverance," composed and arranged by Richard DeRosa
  4. "Hip Pickles," composed and arranged by Lou Marini, Jr.
  5. "Nail in the Coffin," composed and arranged by Kevin Swaim
  6. "Doublethink," composed and arranged by Sean Nelson
  7. "Yesterdays" (video), music Jerome Kern, lyrics by Otto Harbach, arranged by Bill Holman
  8. "Special Interests," composed and arranged by Neil Slater
  9. "The Last Theme Song," by Steve Wiest
  • Lab 2012 (CD)
Miles Of Shades (video)
  1. "Code in 12/8," Jenny Kellogg
  2. "New York at Night," by Aaron Hedenstrom
  3. "Miles Away," by Tyler Mire
Visual realization by Peter Rand
Montage
  1. "Be That Way," by Tyler Mire
  2. "Abby Song," by Jenny Kellogg
  3. "Shiny Stockings," by Frank Foster
  4. "The Fifth Shade," by Steve Wiest
  5. "The Sparrow Was Gone in an Instant," by Aaron Hedenstrom
  6. "Fugue for Thought," by Richard DeRosa
  7. "From Above," by Aaron Hedenstrom
  8. "3rd & 55th," by Neil Slater
  9. "Race to the Finish," by Drew Zaremba
Album cover art: Baran Sarigul
  • Lab 2013 – An Homage to Denton, Texas: "Jazz Town, USA" (CD)
Montage
  1. "Take the 'A' Train," by Billy Strayhorn, arranged by Richard DeRosa
  2. "Old West," by Aaron Hedenstrom
  3. "Somewhere on the 33rd Parallel," Keith Karns
  4. "Denton Standard Time," by Steve Wiest
  5. "As Time Goes By," by Herman Hupfeld, arranged by Drew Zaremba
  6. "Will or Would?" by Neil Slater
  7. "The Square," by Keith Karns
  8. "Honeybee," by Aaron Hedenstrom
  9. "Traffic Jam," by Jenny Kellogg

Discography[edit]

The band has a history of yearly studio recordings dating back to the 1967, known simply by the title Lab 'XX, the two-digit abbreviation being the year in which the 20th-century recording was made (ex. "Lab '85" or "Lab '00"); in the case of 21st-century recordings, the year is not abbreviated (ex. "Lab 2001" or "Lab 2006.")

Selections include performances directed by Gene Hall & Leon Breeden

The first 5 tracks are of Gene Hall's last concert as director of the Laboratory Dance Band program at North Texas State College, April 17, 1959; the other tracks were recorded in the early 1960s. This was the first Lab Band recording in both HiFi and Stereo.[15]

Directed by Leon Breeden

Saxophones
Archie Wheeler, Lead
Allen Solganick, Alto/Tenor
Jerry Keys, Tenor/Flute
Ray Kireilis, Tenor/Baritone
Herb Porter, Baritone/Bass Clarinet
Trombones
Morgan Powell, Lead
Dee Barton
William Barton
Larry Moser
Jerry Schulze, Bass
Trumpets
Marv Stamm, Lead
Ron Towell
John Crews
Tom Wirtel
John Inglis
Rhythm section
Lanny Steele, Piano
Toby Guynn, Bass
Paul Guerrero, Drums
Don Gililland, Guitar
Special musicians
Ken Fears, Flute
David Irving, Horn
Bill Pickering, Horn
John LaForge, Tuba
Album cover (backside) notes by Stan Kenton
  • Stan Kenton Presents The North Texas Lab Band, (LP 1961) (90th Floor Records | SSL904)]
  • The Road to Stan (recorded 1961, released 2009) (90th Floor Records | SLL916)
  • The "Swingphonic Sounds" of Sammy Nestico (LP 1969) (Mark Ensemble Series | MES32244)

Directed by Leon Breeden (continued)

  • Lab '67 (CD)
  • Lab '68 (CD)
  • Lab '69 (CD)
  • Lab '70 (CD)
  • Lab '71 (CD)
  • 12 by 3 - Creative Jazz Composers (1972) (album demo for Creative Jazz Composers, Inc., produced by Mundell Lowe)
  • Lab '72 (2 CDs) (25 yr commemorative)
  • Lab '73 (CD)
  • Lab '74 (CD)
  • Lab '75 (CD) (Grammy nomination sample)
  • Lab '76 (CD) (Grammy nomination)
  • Lab '77 – All Cows Eat Grass (CD)
  • Jazz at Spoleto 1977 (LP | Left Bank Jazz Society LB 2692)
  • Lab '78 (CD)
  • Lab '79 (CD)
  • Lab '80 (CD)
Dedicated to the late John Park, saxophonist
  • Lab '81 (2 CDs)

Directed by Neil Slater

  • Lab '82 (CD)
Backcover by Leonard Feather
  • European Tour 82 – Live at Montreux
  • Lab '83 (CD)
  • With Respect to Stan (CD)
  • Lab '84 (CD)
  • Lab '85 (CD)
  • Live in Australia – The 1986 Tour (CD)
  • Lab '86 (CD)
  • Lab '87 (CD)
  • Lab '88 (CD)
  • Lab '89 (CD)
  • Lab '90 (CD)
  • Lab '91 (CD) (Grammy nomination)
  • Lab '92 (CD)
  • Lab '93 (CD)
  • Live in Portugal '93 (CD)
  • Lab '94 (CD)
  • Lab '95 (CD) sample
  • Lab '96 (CD) sample
  • One O'Clock Standard Time: Remembering Gene Hall (CD) sample
  • Lab '97 (CD)
  • North Texas Jazz: 50 Years (4 CDs)
  • Lab '98 (CD)
  • Lab '99 (CD) sample
  • Lab '00 (CD) The Eipper
  • Lab 2001 (CD)
  • Kenny Wheeler at North Texas (2 CDs)
  • Lab 2002 (CD)
  • Lab 2003 (CD)
  • Lab 2004 (CD)
  • Lab 2005 (CD)
  • Lab 2006 (CD)
  • Lab 2007 (CD/DVD)
  • Live from Thailand (CD/DVD)
  • Lab 2008 (CD)
  • Live at Blues Alley (2 CDs)

Directed by Steve Wiest

  • Lab 2009 (CD) sample
  • Lab 2010 (CD)
  • Lab 2011 (CD & DVD)
  • Lab 2012 (CD & DVD)
  • Lab 2013 (CD)

Compilations

  • The Best of the One O'Clock (1992)
Past Grammy Nominations
Nominee Genre Category Title Performing
Artist
18th Annual (for recordings released between October 16, 1974 and Oct 15, 1975)
February 28, 1976
One O'Clock Lab Band
(1 of 5 nominees)
Jazz Best Jazz Performance
by a Big Band
Lab 75 One O'Clock Lab Band
20th Annual (for recordings released between Oct 1, 1976 and September 30, 1977)
February 23, 1978
One O'Clock Lab Band
(1 of 5 nominees)
Jazz Best Jazz Performance
by a Big Band
Lab 76 One O'Clock Lab Band
34th Annual (for recordings released between Oct 1, 1990 and Sep 30, 1991)
February 26, 1992
Mike Bogle
(1 of 6 nominees)
Composing &
Arranging
Best Arrangement on
an Instrumental
"Got a Match?"
from Lab 89
One O'Clock Lab Band
35th Annual (for recordings released between Oct 1, 1991 and Sep 30, 1992)
February 26, 1993
Neil Slater
(1 of 5 nominees)
Composing &
Arranging
Best Arrangement on
an Instrumental
"Values"
from Lab 91
One O'Clock Lab Band
52nd Annual (for recordings released between Oct 1, 2008 and Aug 31, 2009)
January 31, 2010
One O'Clock Lab Band
(1 of 5 nominees)
Jazz Best Large
Jazz Ensemble Album
Lab 2009 One O'Clock Lab Band
Steve Wiest
(1 of 5 nominees)
Composing
& Arranging
Best Instrumental
Composition
"Ice-Nine"
from Lab 2009
One O'Clock Lab Band


  1. Lab 75 was the first nomination bestowed by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences (NARAS) to a student group[16] All arrangements and original compositions on the album were by Lyle Mays, who also played keyboards on the album. By vote, members of the One O'Clock selected all the compositions. This was and still is the only time that an entire Lab Band album has been composed and arranged by a single student member.
  2. "Got a Match" was arranged by Mike Bogle (UNT MM/Jazz '87 MM/Mas '89). The original composition was by Chick Corea.[17]
  3. "Values" was composed and arranged by Neil Slater.

Major tours, festivals & concerts[edit]

The One O'Clock has performed at music festivals around the world including Australia, Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Switzerland, Thailand and the Netherlands. The One also performed often at the annual IAJE conference.

Under the direction of Gene Hall

  • 1952 — Awarded Fifth Place in a nationwide contest for the best college dance band[18]
  • Spring 1956 — "The Five Front Combo," an 8-member group (directed by Gene Hall) from the Lab Bands, appeared on NBC's Steve Allen "Tonight" show broadcast from Fort Worth
  • Nov 23, 1958, 7 to 7:30 PM — In the pre-FM Radio days, the Lab Band, under the direction of Gene Hall performed the region’s first live stereo broadcast (from Fort Worth), using two microphones, one to KFJZ-TV (Channel 11) and one to KFJZ radio 1270 AM. The producers instructed listeners to turn on both their radio and TV and place them 8 feet apart. The band performed seven arrangements (stage manager, Jack Harris; broadcast producer, Buddy Turner)[19]

Under the direction of Leon Breeden

  • Summer 1961 — Notre Dame Collegiate Jazz Festival; the Lab Band was Awarded Finest Jazz Group and Best Big Band; Morgan Powell won Most Promising Trombone Award. Outstanding Soloists Awards given to Tom Wirtel, Trumpet; Toby Guynn, Bass; and Don Gililland, Guitar.
  • 1967 — Concert tour of Mexico, sponsored by the US State Department Office of Cultural Presentations.[23]
  • June 27, 1967 — After a 30-day concert tour, the One O'Clock Performed at a White House dinner for President and Mrs. Lyndon B. Johnson and the King and Queen of Thailand.[24] In 2003, the University of North Texas awarded His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand an Honorary Doctorate in Music. During the White House performance, Duke Ellington performed with the One O'Clock, playing "Take the A Train"[25][26] Stan Getz also performed with the One O'Clock at the White House.[27]
  • Summer 1970 — Serving as the official Jazz Internatale Demonstration Big Band of the Montreaux Jazz Festival in June, the One O'Clock performed throughout Europe during a three-week concert tour.
  • Summer 1973 — Serving again as the official Jazz Internatale Demonstration Big Band of the Montreaux Jazz Festival, the One O'Clock toured from July 2 to July 24, performing in Vienna and Munich.
  • December 9, 1973 — At the request of Tony Bennett, the One performed with him in a live telecast from San Antonio
  • Fall 1974 — In an experiment that enjoyed success, The One O'Clock Lab Band entered into a three-month contract to be the weekend (Fri-Sun) house band at a Dallas dinner club, which was part of an 11-leveled discothèque owned by Ronald Jackie Monesson (1930–1995) called "Oz" at 5429 LBJ Freeway. What amounted to a full scholarship, Lab Band members were paid slightly above union wages.[28]
  • 1976 June 3-July 8 — The One O'Clock Lab Band toured the Soviet Union (Moscow, Volgograd, and Yerevan), Portugal, and England — 5 cities, 25 concerts, 77 encores, 82,800 people. The tour was sponsored by the US Department of State as part of a US Bicentennial goodwill arts outreach. NBC broadcast the One O'Clock's July 4 Concert live from Moscow as part of its US Bicentennial commemorative. While on tour, members of the band held jam sessions with musicians from Moscow, Volgograd, and Yerevan. Breeden submitted to Soviet authorities a list of 96 arrangements, with descriptions, representing 10 hours of music intended for two-hour concerts. Without explanation, Soviet censors strictly prohibited two arrangements, St. Thomas (by Sonny Rollins, arranged by Gene Glover) and Mi Burrito (by Raymond Harry Brown). Without announcing the names of the arrangements, the band played both pieces during its July 4 NBC satellite broadcast without incident.[29] The tour came at the request of a visitor from the Kremlin who had been treated to four performances intended to exemplify US excellence in the arts — first the Metropolitan Opera, then the rock group Chicago, then a ballet company, then the One O'Clock.[30] While the One O'Clock performed in Soviet cities where no American cultural group had performed, they were met by fans who knew the band from broadcasts by the Voice of America and Radio Free Europe. Willis Conover, jazz host on Voice of America, was a judge at the 1960 Notre Dame Collegiate Jazz Festival in 1960. (see Conover Collection at UNT) The tour group included the first woman band member, Bev Dahlke (now Dahlke-Smith) (baritone sax).[31]

Under the direction of Neil Slater

  • Summer 1996 — The One O'Clock performed during a three-week tour of Japan and spent a week in Hong Kong.

Under the direction of Steve Wiest

  • March 2009 — The One O'Clock performed at Birdland, New York. This was the One O'Clock's New York debut under the direction of Steve Wiest.
  • January and February 2010 — The University of North Texas One O'Clock Lab Band toured California while attending the 2010 Grammys

Notable One O'Clock alumni[edit]

1924-1937 – Stage Band, Dance Band, Pit Orchestra; 1937-1949 – The Aces of Collegeland

1947-1959 – Laboratory Dance Bands

1959-1969 One O'Clock Lab Band

1970s

1980s

1990s

2000s

Student & faculty composers/arrangers for the One O'Clock (non-members)

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ellen Rossetti (born 1978), UNT One O’Clock Lab Band to perform with Houston Symphony, JazzTimes, November 8, 2010
  2. ^ Jazz Leader Helps a Band Take Giant Steps, by Eric Todd Kelderman (born 1966), Chronicle of Higher Education, August 2008, vol. 54, no. 48, pg. A6
  3. ^ Jazz Educated, man; a sound foundation, by Philip Allen Scott, American International Publishers, Washington, D.C. (©1973), pg. 19, OCLC 624548 LCCN 73-159620
  4. ^ New York Vets: Jazz Band Unit Gets Dallas Date, Denton Record-Chronicle, November 3, 1959, pg. 3
  5. ^ "Radio: What's in the Air", The Troy Times, (Troy, New York) May 17, 1923, pg. 13, col. 6
  6. ^ Famous Teachers College Stage Band ... , Denton Record-Chronicle, September 22, 1939, pg. 7
  7. ^ "Moonmaids' Return to Campus", Denton Record-Chronicle, November 6, 1970, pg. 8B
  8. ^ Malcolm Hamrick Brown & William B. Christ, AMS Newsletter, The American Musicological Society, Vol. XVIII, No. II, August 1988
  9. ^ James Richard Allen served as a member of the 309th Fighter Squadron 31st Fighter Group. After a mission somewhere over Italy on Sept 7, 1944, he did not return and was listed as missing in action; he was never found. He had completed 40 missions as a pilot of a b-24 bomber, and afterward was a pilot of a P-51 fighter when he became missing in action.
  10. ^ Robert McGill Thomas, Jr. (1940-2000), Willis Conover Is Dead at 75; Aimed Jazz at the Soviet Bloc, New York Times, May 19, 1996
  11. ^ Lab Bands in Concert, Denton Record-Chronicle, March 31, 1967, pg. 8
  12. ^ Ennis Williams (pseudonym for William Ennis Thomson, Emeritus Professor and former Dean, School of Music, University of Southern California), Wilfred C. Bain: A Reminiscence in Memoriam, College Music Symposium, Vol. 38, (1998), pps. 1–5, Published by: College Music Society
  13. ^ Business World Explored: Musician Meeks Succeeds in Many Endeavors, Dallas Morning News, July 17, 1966
  14. ^ "Obituary: Charles H. Meeks", Dallas Morning News, July 28, 1976
  15. ^ Album back-cover notes
  16. ^ NT Lab Band Gets Grammy Nomination, Denton Record-Chronicle, May 10, 1976
  17. ^ MetroLyrics.com
  18. ^ a b Philip Allen Scott, Jazz Educated, man; a sound foundation, pg. 20, American International Publishers, Washington, D.C. (1973)
  19. ^ "N.T. Band to Give Area's First Live Stereo Show", Denton Record-Chronicle, November 23, 1958, Sec 2, pg. 6
  20. ^ AFM "New-Band-of-Year" Project in Full Swing, Billboard, December 8, 1958, pg. 3
  21. ^ Los Angeles Band winds Dance Title, New York Times, May 12, 1959
  22. ^ "Stan Kenton: Lab Band at Indiana for Event", Denton Record-Chronicle, August 14, 1960, Sec. 2, pg. 6
  23. ^ "Musical Ambassadors: NTSU 1 O'Clock Lab Band Invited to Tour Mexico", Denton Record-Chronicle, November 10, 1966, Sec. 2, pg. 12
  24. ^ Home Grown Shows Planned for White House Dinners, New York Times, May 30, 1967
  25. ^ "NTSU Acquires Duke Ellington Lore", Dallas Morning News, September 11, 1968
  26. ^ People, Time, July 7, 1967
  27. ^ Philip Allen Scott, Jazz Educated, man; a sound foundation, American International Publishers, Washington, D.C. (1973)
  28. ^ NT Musical 'Wizards' Going to Oz, Denton Record-Chronicle, September 4, 1974, pg. 7D
  29. ^ Lab Band Happy to be Home, by Joyce Hopkins, Denton Record-Chronicle, July 11, 1976
  30. ^ Lab Band Sets Tour of Russia, by Joyce Hopkins, Denton Record-Chronicle, May 16, 1976
  31. ^ Denton Record-Chronicle, pg. 1, June 1, 1976
  32. ^ Program History: 2008-1977, Spoleto Festival USA
  33. ^ "Top Names in Jazz Will Perform at S.C. Event", The Robesonian, Lumberton, NC, May 18, 1977
  34. ^ Spoleto Festival USA, by Perry Tannenbaum, JazzTimes, March 25, 2008
  35. ^ "Lab Band Picks Personnel" Dallas Morning News, October 25, 1970
  36. ^ "Obituaries: Ashley Alexander, 52; Jazz Trombonist, Teacher", Los Angeles Times, August 20, 1988

External links[edit]