One for the Road (Cheers)

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"One for the Road"
Cheers episode
Sam Diane Cheers finale.jpg
Sam and Diane reunite and then part ways again after their flight is delayed.
Episode no. Season 11
Episode 25
Directed by James Burrows
Written by Glen Charles
Les Charles
Production code 271
Original air date May 20, 1993
Guest actors
Episode chronology
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"The Guy Can't Help It"
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Cheers (season 11)
List of Cheers episodes

"One for the Road" is the name of the final episode of the American television series Cheers. This episode serves as the 271st episode and the 25th episode of the eleventh season of Cheers. It first aired on NBC in Thursday, May 20, 1993, to an audience of approximately 42.4 million households in a 98 minute version, making it the second-highest-rated series finale of all time behind the series finale of M*A*S*H and the highest-rated episode of the 1992-1993 television season in the United States.[1][2] The 98 minute version was re-shown on Sunday, May 23, 1993, and an edited 90 minute version aired on Thursday, August 19, 1993.

In this finale, Sam Malone reunites with his former on-off love interest, Diane Chambers, after six years of separation. When they rekindle, Sam and Diane decide to move out of Boston and leave everyone and everything behind, including his friends. They have second thoughts about their relationship and part ways again. After his separation from Diane, Sam celebrates his reunion with his friends at the bar. Meanwhile, other characters experience changes in their lives. Rebecca Howe elopes with her boyfriend Don and quits managing the bar. Woody Boyd becomes an elected councilman and gives Norm Peterson a job. Cliff Clavin gets a promotion from his postal office.

Background[edit]

The television series Cheers follows the fortunes and inter-relationships of a group of Bostonians who meet regularly at "Cheers", their local bar. Sam Malone (Ted Danson), a ladies' man, former baseball player, and bartender, and Diane Chambers (Shelley Long), a college graduate student and cocktail waitress, had had on-and-off relationships throughout first five seasons of Cheers (1982–1987) until Diane left Boston to pursue a writing career in the Season Five finale, "I Do, Adieu" (1987), making it Shelley Long's last contract appearance as Diane Chambers. Six years after the Season Five finale, the storyline of Sam and Diane is resurfaced by the special guest appearance of Shelley Long and then concluded during the third part of this episode.

During season 11 before the finale, there are many transformations. Woody Boyd (Woody Harrelson), another bartender at Cheers, is married to socialite Kelly Gaines (Jackie Swanson), expecting a child with her, and has been elected to the Boston City Council. Carla Tortelli (Rhea Perlman) has gone through husbands and flings and is currently a single mother. Norm Peterson (George Wendt) is still currently semi-unemployed. Cliff Clavin (John Ratzenberger) is still a postal carrier and living with his mother. Frasier Crane (Kelsey Grammer) and Lilith Sternin (Bebe Neuwirth) face marital problems, including Lilith's affair with another man. In the preceding episode, "The Guy Can't Help It" (1993), Rebecca Howe (Kirstie Alley), the manager of Cheers, and Don (Tom Berenger), a plumber, spend time dating each other. Meanwhile, Sam faces his sexual addiction and begins to attend group therapy.

Production[edit]

300 people attended the filming of the finale in Paramount Studios' Stage 25 in Los Angeles on Wednesday, March 31, 1993, from 7:20pm to 2:15am.[3] Due to Shelley Long's commitment to the CBS sitcom, Good Advice, the finale's bar scene ending was filmed without her on Wednesday, April 7, 1993,[4] after the penultimate episode "The Guy Can't Help It" was completely filmed on the same day.[3] However, the ending was concealed from the general public, especially the studio audience, until the original airing.[3] Before her special guest appearance in this episode, Shelley Long's reprisal appearance as Diane Chambers was rumored in 1989 when she appeared with Ted Danson at the premiere of one of his movies, Cousins. A spokesperson for Paramount Television denied these rumors.[5] Long appeared as herself for the 200th episode special in 1990, hosted by John McLaughlin, along with other surviving cast members at the time.[6]

United States President Bill Clinton was invited to be part of this finale, but he declined the offer.[7] Brandon Tartikoff, former executive of NBC and former chief of Paramount Studios, and Garry Trudeau, cartoonist of Doonesbury, appeared in the finale as uncredited bar extras.[4] Bob Broder, agent for the show's creators, also appeared uncredited as the "man" at the bar ending, who was told by Sam Malone that the bar is closed.[8]

Promotion[edit]

"Bars across the country are holding parties tonight. At the 50,000-seat Skydome in Toronto, organizers are screening the last episode free and expecting the largest public gathering ever for a TV viewing."[9]

Daniel Cerone from Los Angeles Times, May 20, 1993

This finale was massively promoted, including in the media, before the finale's initial airing. NBC executives expected a rating of 65 percent of total television households of 1993.[10] Sources from Madison Avenue estimated a Nielsen rating of 33–40s and a share of 50–70; one expected a rating of 37–38 and a share of 60.[11] Each 30-second commercial for the original broadcast cost $650,000; the total number of commercials that aired on the initial broadcast was 25 to 30.[12][13][note 1]

News programmes of NBC, such as Dateline NBC and Today, and NBC affiliates, such as of KNBC, discussed an upcoming airing of the finale, including on the day of the finale. KTLA, a Los Angeles station that re-ran Cheers, played a variation of the show's theme song, "Where Everybody Knows Your Name", during re-runs for one week before the finale. Entertainment Tonight covered blooper reels of Cheers during the week.[14] Ratings of episodes of Season 11 (1992–1993) were growing in the last several weeks prior to the finale.[11]

In April 1–4, 1993, the Times Mirror Center for the People and the Press (now Pew Research Center) surveyed 1,011 people on telephones. Sam Malone was voted a favorite of 26% and had 15% chance of a spin-off. Answering a question as to whom he should marry, 21% voted Diane Chambers, 19% voted Rebecca Howe, 48% voted Sam to stay single, and 12% had "no opinion" on this matter. Woody Boyd was voted a favorite of 18% and had 12% chance of a spin-off, and Norm Peterson was voted by 14% and had 10% chance of a spin-off.[15][16][note 2]

Newspapers, in ways, counted down the finale of Cheers. The Washington Post covered the background of Cheers.[17] Philadelphia Inquirer assured the future of Cheers after the end of the first-run broadcast.[18] Star Tribune published stories related to Cheers, including the following: local residents played trivia games that tribute to Cheers, including such characters as Cliff and Norm;[19] the future of Sam Malone, a fictional character, was addressed with presumptions.[20] Deseret News offered its readers to send their own fantasy endings of the finale (in 500 words or less) to the newspaper no later than May 3, 1993.[21]

Plot[edit]

This episode ran for 98 minutes, including commercials, at its original broadcast.[22] It reaired for and was trimmed down to 90 minutes in August 19, 1993.[23] In syndicated and online reruns, this episode was split into three parts, but the DVD release has the original, uncut version.

Diane Chambers, making her first appearance on the series after six years, appears on television, accepting an outstanding award for writing a television movie, surprising Sam. At night, Diane calls Sam by the bar's phone number to thank him for the congratulatory telegram that he sent earlier. Then Sam invites Diane to return to Boston, and she accepts. The next day, Diane arrives with her "husband" Reed (Mark Harelik), but then Reed's partner, Kevin (Anthony Heald), arrives to confront him for "cheating" on him with Diane. After the gay couple left the scene, Sam and Diane learn from each other that they have no family of their own. Diane admits to Sam that she failed to return to him for six months as promised in the episode "I Do, Adieu" (1987). In fact, her manuscript was rejected by publishers but then became a television movie, prompting her to stay in Los Angeles for further success in six years. Then they confess that they are a "mismatch," despite good times together. As she prepares to leave, Sam stops Diane and convinces her to have another fling with him again.

The following day, Woody is now a councilman and then gives Norm a city job, Cliff is promoted, and Rebecca regrets marrying the plumber Don Santry (Tom Berenger).[note a] Sam and Diane walk in and announce their engagement, but his friends disapprove. Having enough of their disapprovals and of years without a family, Sam leaves the bar with Diane. In the plane, Sam and Diane begin to reconsider their decisions to be together again. As the flight is delayed and returning to the airport, the pair amicably decide to peacefully part ways. Diane goes to another plane for Los Angeles. Then Sam returns to Cheers to see his friends again. While Sam and his gang celebrate the reunion by smoking cigars, Rebecca happily announces that Don has a job at the sewer department and leaves in excitement with tickets to their honeymoon trip. When rest of the gang head home, Norm stays behind and admits that he knew that Sam would return to Boston for his "one true love", saying: "You'll always come back to her."[note b] After Norm leaves, Sam ponders these words and then turns all lights off.


  • ^a Tom Berenger's character Don Santry first appeared in the previous episode, "The Guy Can't Help It". Also, Berenger previously appeared with Kirstie Alley in the 1988 film Shoot to Kill.
  • ^b Time magazine implied the bar was Sam's true love,[24] but Norm's comments are deemed by one TV critic as vague and ambiguous.[25]

Ratings[edit]

This episode aired on NBC on May 20, 1993, at 9:22 p.m. instead of 9:30 p.m., a regular time for Cheers, as the episode was scheduled to run 98 minutes.[note 3] The overall Nielsen rating was 45.5 (approximately 42.4 million households), 64 or 62 share,[22][26][27] and amount of American viewership was either 80 million[28] or 93 million.[22][26][29]

The finale from 29 major markets resulted an overnight 46.7 Nielsen rating (22 million households) and 62 share.[30] In the Los Angeles area, the finale scored a 44.5 rating from Los Angeles (KNBC).[2] In the Minneapolis–St. Paul market (KARE), it scored a 54.8 rating and 72 share.[31] In New York City (WNBC), it scored a 45.6 rating.[32] In the Hartford–New Haven (WVIT) area, it scored a 48 rating and 63 share.[33] In Boston (WBZ-TV), where the series was fictionally set, it scored a 54.1 rating.[34]

The finale reran on Sunday, May 23, 1993, from 7:22pm to 9:00pm ET and received a Nielsen rating of 10.0; Cheers: Last Call! reran at 7:00pm and received 7.4 rating.[2][26] The finale reran again on Thursday, August 19, 1993, in a 90-minute format from 8 p.m. to 9:30 p.m. and received 9.4 rating.[23][35][36]

The retrospective, Cheers: Last Call!, hosted by Bob Costas, tributed 11 years of Cheers and aired on 9:00 p.m. before the 9:22 p.m. finale.[22][37] It received an overall 39.6 rating (36.9 million households); the Los Angeles rating was 40.0.[2]

Reception[edit]

I don't think we ever entertained that idea of Sam and Diane going off together. It seemed like [we'd be] going backwards a little. I'm not sure if that big of a portion of our audience would have been happy with it[.] [T]here were people who loved Shelley, but a lot of people liked Rebecca better, or thought Diane was bad for Sam, and so on.[38]

Les Charles, GQ magazine

Reviews of this episode at the time of its initial broadcast were mixed. John J. O'Connor from The New York Times called this episode "overly long and uncharacteristically labored" and considered the originally-broadcast length of this episode "a miscalculation." Nevertheless, O'Connor wrote, "Things didn't turn absolutely soppy, but nearly."[12][39] Tony Scott from Daily Variety praised the writing, yet he found the finale "overly long" and the last 30 minutes "limping."[40] John Carman from San Francisco Chronicle "liked the finale" and "was choked up at the end"; nevertheless, he found Shelley Long's special guest performance "disappointing" and "cute pills" past "expiration date." Ann Hodges from Houston Chronicle "found the conclusion fitting" but was not sad about the series's cancellation.[41] One of readers' published letters from The Post-Standard pointed out this episode's omittance of Coach, one of original Cheers characters who died in 1985, and expressed disdain toward such omittance, even when the Geronimo picture was shown at the ending.[42]

The reviews in later years drew more attention, mostly positive. In 1998, A. J. Jacobs from Entertainment Weekly graded this finale a B+, called it "a satisfying nightcap" and "sharply written by [Charles brothers]," and considers its final moments "classy as a flute of chilled Cristal."[43] In 2006, Ron Geraci, author of the book The Bachelor Chronicles: A Dating Memoir, called it "raw and moving" and "significant."[44] In 2007, Dalton Ross from Entertainment Weekly called it one of his "Five Best (pre-Sopranos) Series Finales."[45] In 2007, Douglas Durden from Richmond Times-Dispatch named it her fifth most-favorite television finales of all-time.[46] In 2009, the A.V. Club ranked it No. 3 in "10 American TV Series with Satisfying Endings" of the book Inventory.[47] In 2010, Sharon Knolle from The Huffington Post was relieved to see final onscreen romance of Sam and Diane short-lived rather than concluded with marriage.[48] In the same year, Oliver Miller from The Huffington Post was heartbroken by Sam and Diane's on-screen "absurd protracted double-gut-punch break-up" in this episode.[49] Meanwhile, Claire Suddath from the Time magazine called it one of top ten "anticipated" finales ever.[24] In 2011, the finale was ranked fifth on the TV Guide Network special, TV's Most Unforgettable Finales.[50]

Accolades[edit]

1993 Primetime Emmy Awards[51][52][note 4]
  • Winner — Robert Bramwell — Outstanding Individual Achievement in Editing for a Series–Multi-Camera Production
  • NominatedShelley Long — Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series
  • NominatedTom Berenger — Outstanding Guest Actor in a Comedy Series
  • NominatedJames Burrows — Outstanding Individual Achievement in Directing in a Comedy Series.

Aftermath[edit]

Before and after production of Cheers had ended, the whole cast of Cheers had moved on to other priorities in their careers. Shelley Long (Diane) appeared on CBS's then-newer show, Good Advice, before this episode and had resumed her work there. Ted Danson (Sam) appeared on Made in America, which opened in theatres soon after this episode aired. Kirstie Alley (Rebecca) participated in Look Who's Talking Now while it was filmed.[53]

Woody Harrelson (Woody) appeared in Indecent Proposal, which also starred Demi Moore and Robert Redford and already hit theatres, and participated in Oliver Stone's Natural Born Killers while filmed. George Wendt (Norm) appeared in an off-broadway play. John Ratzenberger (Cliff) appeared in Fox's newer show, Locals. Rhea Perlman (Carla) semi-retired from acting. Kelsey Grammer soon reprised his role as Frasier Crane in his spinoff Frasier, set in Seattle, Washington, with an addition to Frasier's job as a host of his new radio show and domestic life without Lilith Sternin and their son Frederick.[53]

On the first airing of this series finale, over 500 people, including the whole cast of Cheers (except Shelley Long, Kirstie Alley, and Bebe Neuwirth[54]) and politicians like William M. Bulger and past State Governor William Weld, participated on the afternoon at the Beacon Street near the Bull & Finch Pub in Boston, Massachusetts, to celebrate the ending of this series.[54] After the episode aired, the remaining cast appeared live on the East Coast (tape delay on the West) in The Tonight Show with Jay Leno to be interviewed by Leno, set in the Pub. According to host Jay Leno, the cast was too intoxicated to be aware that they were interviewed onscreen.[55]

In 1997, one copy of this episode's script was donated by George Wendt to the Handel and Haydn Society, an institution of music in Boston, Massachusetts. It contained the autographs of eight cast members, including of Shelley Long, Woody Harrelson, and George Wendt. On February 15, 1997, the script was stolen from the Four Seasons Hotel of Boston; meanwhile, the high bid was $1,000 before theft. About one week later, the stolen script in a manila envelope was left behind at a church; the Society then retrieved it. On March 1997, the autographed copy of the finale script was sold to the Bull and Finch Pub (now Cheers Beacon Hill) for $10,000.[56][57]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The March 5, 1993, edition of Reading Eagle reports: the budget of each 30-second commercial was estimated $600,000, according to NBC insiders. Later articles report, otherwise, that each was $650,000 estimate.
  2. ^ The margin of error in the survey was ±3, according to sources.
  3. ^ These are the times in the areas of Eastern and Pacific Time Zones. Of Central and Mountain, the finale aired at 8:22 p.m. instead of 8:30p.m., a regular time for Cheers.
  4. ^ Outstanding Guest Actor in a Comedy Series 1993 went to David Clennon (Dream On). Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series 1993 went to Tracey Ullman (Love and War). Outstanding Individual Achievement in Directing in a Comedy Series went to Betty Thomas (Dream On)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NBC wins May sweeps; Cheers ratings No. 2 all-time." Toronto Star 30 May 1993, SU2 ed: C4. Web. 6 January 2012. (subscription required)
  2. ^ a b c d Margulies, Lee. "TV Ratings: Surprise! 'Cheers' Finale Powers NBC to Top." Los Angeles Times 26 May 1993. Web. 6 January 2012. In Los Angeles in 1993, "each rating point [equaled] 49,657 households."
  3. ^ a b c Reinhold, Robert. "One Last Round as 'Cheers' Finale Is Taped." The New York Times 2 April 1993. Web. This web version has two pages.
  4. ^ a b "Final taping of Cheers ends in an abundance of hugs and tears". Point Pleasant Register (Point Pleasant, West Virginia). Associated Press. April 9, 1993. p. 8. 
  5. ^ "Cheers will be back, but Diane won't". The Telegraph (Nashua). Associated Press. March 28, 1989. p. 22. 
  6. ^ Duffy, Mike (November 7, 1990). "Cheers to serve 200th round of laughs". Bangor Daily News. Knight-Ridder Newspapers. p. 24. 
  7. ^ "President invited to attend last call for Cheers.". Portsmouth Daily Times. April 2, 1993. p. B1. Retrieved at Google News on January 8, 2012.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  8. ^ Levine, Ken (July 2, 2009). "Who was the last customer?". ...by Ken Levine: The World As Seen By a TV Comedy Writer. Retrieved May 23, 2014.  Some other sources falsely claimed director James Burrows as the "man".
  9. ^ Cerone, Daniel. "Separation Anxiety in Prime Time Same night, same station, over the years, we grow to love our favorite TV characters. So when a show like `Cheers' ends, a bit of our soul goes too." Los Angeles Times 20 May 1993: A1. Web. 1 June 2012. (subscription required)
  10. ^ Stevenson, Jennifer L. "`Cheers' finale? Not so fast - and not so hot Series: ENTERTAINMENT." St. Petersburg Times [St. Petersburg, FL] 22 May 1993, City ed.: 8B. Print. (subscription required)
  11. ^ a b Du Brow, Rick. "Will `Cheers' Top `MASH,' `Dallas' Ratings?" Los Angeles Times 15 May 1993, Library ed: F11. Print.
  12. ^ a b O'Connor, John J. "Critic's Notebook; 'Cheers' Is Dead, but There's Always the Wake..." The New York Times 21 May 1993. Web. 8 January 2012. The Web version separates into three pages.
  13. ^ Elliott, Stuart. "THE MEDIA BUSINESS: ADVERTISING; Sponsors are toasting the 'Cheers' finale at a price of $650,000 for every 30-second spot." The New York Times 14 May 1993. Web. 8 January 2012.
  14. ^ Rosenberg, Howard. "Three `Cheers' and a Lot More After All the Hype, How Can Everybody Not Know Their Names?" Los Angeles Times 20 May 1993: F1. ProQuest. Web. 23 January 2012. ISBN 04583035. (registration required)
  15. ^ Mills, Kim I. "TV viewers glad Sam stayed single." The Sunday Gazette [Schenectady, NY] 2 May 1993: A3. Google News. Web. 21 January 2012.
  16. ^ Leefler, Pete. "Show Piles Up Viewer Cheers." The Morning Call [Allentown, NY] 2 May 1993: A01. Web. 17 January 2012. (subscription required)
  17. ^ Shales, Tom. "CHEERS; A Last Toast to the Happy Half-Hour." The Washington Post 20 May 1993, Final ed.: D01. Web. 12 January 2012. (subscription required)
  18. ^ "Dirge for a 'Cheers'-less World Some Viewers Cannot Conceive of Life without the Show. \ For the People Who Worked on It for 11 Years, Its Passing \ Tonight Will Be Like A Death in the Family. In a Way, It Is." Philadelphia Inquirer 20 May 1993: D01. Web. 12 January 2012. (subscription required)
  19. ^ "Minnesotans stand to make it big with trivia game." Star Tribune 16 May 1993. Web. 12 January 1993. (subscription required)
  20. ^ "Malone alone." Star Tribune 20 May 1993. Web. 12 January 2012. (subscription required)
  21. ^ Pierce, Scott D. (April 8, 1993). "Goodbye Cheers: Cast feels somber as series nears end of 11-year run. Final episode is May 20". Deseret News. 
  22. ^ a b c d Stevenson, Jennifer L. "Cheers Last Call! Series: Entertainment" Tampa Bay Times 20 May 1993: 8B. Print. (subscription required)
  23. ^ a b "Television: Thursday Prime Time." The Telegraph 19 August 1993: 48. Google News. Web. 17 January 2012. List of Nielsen ratings for television programs that aired on August 15–21, 1993 appears in either edition of August 22–28, 1993, of all newspapers, usually either Wednesday or Thursday.
  24. ^ a b Suddath, Claire. "The Lost Finale: Top 10 Most Anticipated TV Endings." Time 23 May 2010. Web. 2 June 2012.
  25. ^ Liner, Elaine (May 21–22, 1993). "TV's favorite bar turns off the tap". Corpus Christi Caller-Times (Texas). p. A1.  Record no at NewsBank: 113001A60C3FB35B (registration required).
  26. ^ a b c "A Repeat of 'Cheers' Finale." The New York Times 22 May 1993. Web. 7 January 2012. "One rating point equals 931,000 households."
  27. ^ "Cheers' Finale Most-Watched Show of Season". Rocky Mountain News. May 22, 1993. 
  28. ^ Boedeker, Hal. "The gang gathers for one last round". Orlando Sentinel. 
  29. ^ "Tops on TV." Newsday [Long Island, NY] 26 May 1993, Nassau and Suffolk ed.: 58. Print. (subscription required)
  30. ^ "Cheers finale a big hit." The Daily News [Middlesboro, KY] 22 May 1993: 2. Google News. Web. 15 January 2012.
  31. ^ "KARE Gets Rating to Cheer About." Star Tribune [Minneapolis, MN] 22 May 1993. Web. 12 January 2012. (subscription required)
  32. ^ "Viewers Consume `Cheers' Finale." The Mount Airy News 23 May 1993: 9A. Google News. Web. 15 January 2012.
  33. ^ Lender, Jon. "`Cheers' Finale Helps Raise WVIT Ratings." Hartford Courant [Hartford, CT] 28 May 1993. Web. 3 April 2012.
  34. ^ Moore, Frazier. "'Cheers' finale sober, satisfying." The Bulletin [Bend, OR] 21 May 1993: A5. Google News. Web. 15 January 2012.
  35. ^ Brooks, Tim, and Earle Marsh. The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows: 1946–present. 9th ed. New York: BallantineRandom House, 2007. 243. Google Books. Web. 1 June 2012.
  36. ^ "Nielsens show NBC's `Now' had strong first night." The Robesonian [Lumberton, NC] 26 August 1993: 5B. Google News. Web. 15 January 2012. This edition lists prime time television programs that aired on August 15–21, 1993.
  37. ^ "`Cheers' Finale Starts at 9:22 - Not 9:30." The Palm Beach Post [Palm Beach, Florida] 14 May 1993: 9D. Print. (subscription required)
  38. ^ Raftery, Brian (October 2012). "The Best TV Show That's Ever Been". GQ. 
  39. ^ O'Connor, John J. "TELEVISION VIEW; A Few Qualms From a Fan Of 'Seinfeld'." The New York Times 30 May 1993. Web. 8 January 2012. The Web version separates into three pages.
  40. ^ Scott, Tony. "Cheers: One for the Road." Daily Variety [Los Angeles] 24 May 1993. Rpt. in Variety and Daily Variety Television Reviews 1993-1994. Ed. Howard H. Prouty. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1996. Google Books. Web. 9 January 2012.
  41. ^ Moore, Frazier. "Nation's critics cheer final episode." Oxnard Press-Courier 22 May 1993: 7. Google News. Web.
  42. ^ "Readers raise glass to Cheers finale". The Post-Standard (Syracuse, New York). May 22, 1993. p. C6.  Record no. at NewsBank: 9305220345 (registration required).
  43. ^ Jacobs, A. J. "Some Farewell—Some Fare Not So Well." Entertainment Weekly 29 May 1998. Web. 2 February 2012.
  44. ^ Geraci, Ron. The Bachelor Chronicles: A Dating Memoir. New York: Kensington Books, 2006. 114. Google Books. Web. 10 January 2012. ISBN 0-7582-1329-8.
  45. ^ Dalton 2007, p. 2.
  46. ^ Durden, Douglas (June 10, 2007). "A last kiss or a last kiss-off?". Richmond Times-Dispatch (Richmond Newspapers, Inc). p. G11.  Record no. at NewsBank: MERLIN_7558187 (registration required).
  47. ^ A.V. Club. Inventory: 16 Films Featuring Manic Pixie Dream Girls, 10 Great Songs Nearly Ruined by Saxophone, and 100 More Obsessively Specific Pop-Culture Lists. New York: Scribner, 2009. 88. Google Books. Web. 9 January 2012. ISBN 978-1-4165-9473-4.
  48. ^ Knolle, Sharon (7 January 2010). "Worst TV Couples Ever (Looking at You, Sam and Diane)". The Huffington Post. 
  49. ^ Miller, Oliver. "TV Break-Ups: 10 Devastating TV Couple Splits". The Huffington Post February 12, 2010. Web. June 9, 2012.
  50. ^ TV's Most Unforgettable Finales. TV Guide Network, 22 May 2011. Television.
  51. ^ "Cheers." Emmys.com. Academy of Television Arts and Sciences, 2011. Web. 7 January 2012.
  52. ^ Bjorklund. p. 427.
  53. ^ a b Moore, Frazier (May 21, 1993). "Cast of Cheers says goodbye to its 100 million viewers". Moscow-Pullman Daily News (Pullman, Washington, and Moscow, Idaho). The Associated Press. p. 3A. Retrieved June 17, 2012. 
  54. ^ a b Bickelhaupt, Susan (May 21, 1993). "Good cheer flows to the end Boston gives its sitcom a grand goodbye". The Boston Globe. p. 1, Metro/Region section. Retrieved August 22, 2012. 
  55. ^ "Leno Calls Telecast on Cheers 'a Mistake': Drunken Cast Members Ruined 'Tonight' Broadcast From Boston Bar, He Says". Los Angeles Times. Reuter. May 28, 1993. Retrieved August 22, 2012. 
  56. ^ "Final 'Cheers' Script Stolen From Benefit Is Left at a Church." The New York Times 24 February 1997. Web. 22 January 2012.
  57. ^ "Cheers script sold for $10,000." The Free Lance-Star [Fredericksburg, VA] 4 March 1997: D6. Google News. Web. 22 January 2012.

Bibliography[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Ariano, Tara, and Sarah D. Bunting. Television without Pity: 752 Things We Love to Hate (and Hate to Love) About TV. Philadelphia: Quirk Books, 2006. Print. ISBN 978-1-59474-117-3.
  • Bark, Ed. "'Cheers' closer gives Channel 5 a ratings boost." The Dallas Morning News 29 May 1993. Web. 9 January 2012. Document ID number is 0ED3D38C34E6DF2B. (subscription required)
  • Bonko, Larry. "The Best and the Worst on TV in 1993." The Virginian-Pilot [Norfolk, VA] 27 December 1993. Print. (subscription required)
  • Hein, John. Jump the Shark: When Good Things Go Bad. TV ed. New York: Plume, 2003. Print. ISBN 0-452-28410-4.
  • Holbert, Ginny. "'Frontline' Leans Too Heavily on Politics." Chicago Sun-Times 25 May 1993: 35. Print. (subscription required)
  • Husted, Bill. "Funny Dream for Self-Promoter." Rocky Mountain News 19 May 1993. Print. (subscription required)
  • Kepnes, Caroline. "One For The Road." Entertainment Weekly 25 May 2001. Web. 2 February 2012 <http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,256448,00.html>.
  • Lazare, Lewis. "Move over, `M*A*S*H'." Chicago Sun-Times 9 February 2010: 16. Print. (subscription required)
  • Mink, Eric. "'Cheers' Was Fine; Leno Show a Fiasco." St. Louis Post-Dispatch 24 May 1993, Five Star ed.: 5D. Print. ID number for Web version is 9305220632. (subscription required)
  • Stevenson, Jennifer L. "3 Cheers // Hype, hype, hooray! It's over! Series: ENTERTAINMENT; TV REVIEW." St. Petersburg Times [St. Petersburg, FL] 21 May 1993, City ed.: 5B. Print. (subscription required)
  • "Although television's Cheers closes tonight, real-life versions of the bar will go right on being second families to a lot of folks." Fort Worth Star-Telegram 20 May 1993. Print. (subscription required)
  • "Loving `Cheers' and loving work." Star Tribune [Minneapolis, MN] 22 May 1993. Print. (subscription required)
  • "WTMJ-TV's post `Cheers' news gets heady rating." Milwaukee Journal Sentinel [Milwaukee, WN] 24 May 1993. Web. 15 January 2012. (subscription required) Document ID number is 0EB827D3BA3592DF.

External links[edit]