One true faith
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The concept of a one true faith, one true religion, or one true church, stems from the monotheistic belief in the "one true God", which implies a degree of exclusivism. The claim that one faith is true, and that by implication other religions are false, is based upon the claim that God has spoken to mankind through a revelation intended for all, revealing the will of the divinity.
The concept of "one true faith" is also based on the basic philosophical law known as the law of noncontradiction: two propositions that contradict each other cannot both be true. Therefore, various religious traditions offering contradictory doctrines cannot be affirmed as equally true.
The claim to be the one true church is related to the first of the Four Marks of the Church mentioned in the Nicene Creed: "one, holy, catholic, and apostolic church". Some Christian churches claim to be the one true church while others claim only to be part of the one true church.
Islam is the monotheistic religion articulated by the Qur’an, a text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God (Arabic: الله, Allah), and the teachings and normative example (called the Sunnah and Hadith) of Muhammad, believed by Muslims to be the final Prophet of Islam, the Seal of the Prophets. The word Islam means 'submission to God' or to show subservient obedience to Allah.
Muslims believe that God is absolutely singular and absolutely transcendent, the doctrine of tawhid. Muslims also believe that Islam is the original and primordial faith, or fitrah, that was revealed by the prophet Muhammad. Muslims maintain that previous messages and revelations have been partially changed or corrupted over time and consider the Qur'an to be the unaltered and the final revelation from Allah. Religious concepts and practices include the five pillars of Islam, which are basic concepts and obligatory acts of worship, and following Islamic law, which touches on virtually every aspect of life and society, encompassing everything from banking and welfare, to warfare and the environment.
Jews believe that the God of Abraham is the one true God. The Jews believe the God of Abraham entered into a special relationship with the ancient Israelites, marking them as his Chosen People, giving them a mission to spread the concept of monotheism. Jews do not consider their chosenness to be a mark of superiority to other nations, but a responsibility to be an example of behavior for other nations to emulate.
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- * Quran 51:56
- [Encyclopedia Brittanica "Islam" http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/295507/Islam] Accessed July 2013
- Accad (2003): According to Ibn Taymiya, although only some Muslims accept the textual veracity of the entire Bible, most Muslims will grant the veracity of most of it.
- Esposito (2002b), p.17
- Esposito (2002b), pp.111, 112, 118
- "Shari'ah". Encyclopædia Britannica Online.
- "What Does It Mean For Jews to Be the Chosen People?" Pelaia, Ariela.