Oneida County, Wisconsin

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Oneida County, Wisconsin
Oneida County Wisconsin Courthouse September 2011.jpg
Oneida County Courthouse in Rhinelander
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Oneida County
Location in the state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
Founded 1885
Named for Oneida people
Seat Rhinelander
Largest city Rhinelander
Area
 • Total 1,236 sq mi (3,201 km2)
 • Land 1,113 sq mi (2,883 km2)
 • Water 123 sq mi (319 km2), 10.0%
Population
 • (2010) 35,998
 • Density 32/sq mi (12/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.oneida.wi.gov

Oneida County is a county in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. At the 2010 census, the population was 35,998.[1] Its county seat is Rhinelander.[2]

History[edit]

Oneida County was formed in 1885 from sections of Lincoln County. It was named after the indigenous Oneida tribe, one of the five nations of the Iroquois.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,236 square miles (3,200 km2), of which 1,113 square miles (2,880 km2) is land and 123 square miles (320 km2) (10.0%) is water.[3] Most people visit Oneida County to enjoy its lakes. In particular, tourists flock to Minocqua, a town of nearly 5,000 people with a summer population around 15,000.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Oneida County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 5,010
1900 8,875 77.1%
1910 11,433 28.8%
1920 13,996 22.4%
1930 15,899 13.6%
1940 18,938 19.1%
1950 20,648 9.0%
1960 22,112 7.1%
1970 24,427 10.5%
1980 31,216 27.8%
1990 31,679 1.5%
2000 36,776 16.1%
2010 35,998 −2.1%
Est. 2012 35,714 −0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
1790-1960[5] 1900-1990[6]
1990-2000[7] 2010-2012[1]

At the census[8] of 2000, there were 36,776 people, 15,333 households, and 10,487 families residing in the county. The population density was 33 people per square mile (13/km²). There were 26,627 housing units at an average density of 24 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.71% White, 0.33% Black or African American, 0.66% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. 0.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 44.4% were of German, 8.8% Polish, 7.9% Irish, 5.2% Norwegian and 5.2% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 15,333 households out of which 27.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.80% were married couples living together, 7.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.60% were non-families. 26.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.30% under the age of 18, 5.70% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 26.80% from 45 to 64, and 18.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 99.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.30 males.

Communities[edit]

Oneida County sign on U.S. Route 45.

Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

Coordinates: 45°42′N 89°31′W / 45.70°N 89.52°W / 45.70; -89.52