Ongar shown within Essex
|Area||9.02 km2 (3.48 sq mi)|
|- Density||673 /km2 (1,740 /sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|- London||21 mi (34 km) SW|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||East of England|
|EU Parliament||East of England|
|UK Parliament||Brentwood and Ongar|
|Website||Ongar Town Council|
Ongar is a civil parish in the Epping Forest District of Essex, England. Other than the town of Chipping Ongar it also includes Greensted, Greensted Green, Marden Ash and Shelley. The local council of the parish is Ongar Town Council. Located approximately 21 miles northeast of London, it is a partially developed upon parish with large sections of open land.
The name "Ongar" means "grass land". The parish was created in 1965 as an amalgamation of the Chipping Ongar, Greenstead and Shelley civil parishes in the Epping and Ongar Rural District. In 1974 the parish became part of Epping Forest District.
Ongar Town Council is the local authority for the civil parish. The parish council offices are located in Chipping Ongar.
The civil parish includes the following settlements:
The shape of the parish is an inverted "L" running from Greensted in the west to Marden Ash to the east, then north to include Chipping Ongar and then Shelley. Ongar is a post town in the CM postcode area.
As at the 2001 census the population was 6,069 and 51.7% female. There are 2,494 households, with an average household size of 2.43. The population has decreased by 8% since 1991, the largest drop in the district.
Since the closure of the Central Line between Epping and Chipping Ongar in 1994, there is no longer a daily commuter train service in the parish. The nearest London Underground service to the parish is Epping which is served by the Central Line. The closest National Rail service is from Brentwood, which is served by the Shenfield Metro and is operated by Greater Anglia.
- Epping Forest District Key Facts: 2001 Census
- ""A History of the County of Essex: Volume 4: Ongar Hundred" by W. R. Powell (Ed), 1956, pp. 155-158 - Chipping Ongar". british-history.ac.uk. 2012 ?accessdate=7 April 2013.