Onida, South Dakota

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Onida, South Dakota
City
Location in Sully County and the state of South Dakota
Location in Sully County and the state of South Dakota
Coordinates: 44°42′21″N 100°4′1″W / 44.70583°N 100.06694°W / 44.70583; -100.06694Coordinates: 44°42′21″N 100°4′1″W / 44.70583°N 100.06694°W / 44.70583; -100.06694
Country United States
State South Dakota
County Sully
Incorporated 1883[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 0.64 sq mi (1.66 km2)
 • Land 0.64 sq mi (1.66 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,873 ft (571 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 658
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 680
 • Density 1,028.1/sq mi (397.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 57564
Area code(s) 605
FIPS code 46-47180[5]
GNIS feature ID 1256897[6]
Website http://www.onida.org/

Onida is a city in Sully County, South Dakota, United States. The population was 658 as of the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Sully County.[7]

History[edit]

Onida was founded in 1880 by settlers from Oneida, New York. It received its city rights in 1883.[8]

Geography[edit]

Onida is located at 44°42′21″N 100°4′1″W / 44.70583°N 100.06694°W / 44.70583; -100.06694 (44.705939, -100.066851).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.64 square miles (1.66 km2), all of it land.[2]

Onida has been assigned the ZIP code 57564 and the FIPS place code 47180.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 319
1920 455 42.6%
1930 636 39.8%
1940 597 −6.1%
1950 822 37.7%
1960 843 2.6%
1970 785 −6.9%
1980 851 8.4%
1990 761 −10.6%
2000 740 −2.8%
2010 658 −11.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 658 people, 280 households, and 186 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,028.1 inhabitants per square mile (397.0/km2). There were 331 housing units at an average density of 517.2 per square mile (199.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.4% White, 1.8% Native American, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.8% of the population.

There were 280 households of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.1% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.6% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.91.

The median age in the city was 42.7 years. 25.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.2% were from 25 to 44; 29.9% were from 45 to 64; and 17% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 53.5% male and 46.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 740 people, 299 households, and 200 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,165.9 people per square mile (453.5/km²). There were 329 housing units at an average density of 518.3 per square mile (201.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.51% White, 0.54% Native American, and 0.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.41% of the population.

There were 299 households out of which 35.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.5% were married couples living together, 4.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.8% were non-families. 28.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.4% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 101.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,750, and the median income for a family was $44,583. Males had a median income of $27,692 versus $22,266 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,340. About 5.0% of families and 5.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.4% of those under age 18 and 11.8% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "SD Towns" (PDF). South Dakota State Historical Society. Retrieved 2010-02-14. 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  8. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 994. Retrieved 30 November 2013. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.