|Born||May 31, 1883|
|Died||October 3, 1972(aged 89)|
Born into a peasant family in Săliște, near Sibiu, Transylvania (then known as Hermannstadt, and part of Austria-Hungary), he attended the Hungarian language high school in Sibiu and then the Romanian language gymnasium in Braşov (Kronstadt). Afterwards, he continued his studies at the Romanian Orthodox Seminary in Sibiu, where he received stipends for study at the University of Bucharest and the University of Budapest. He also studied in Strasbourg and received his doctorate in Philosophy and Pedagogy from the University of Jena in 1909.
World War I and interwar
In 1914, after the outbreak of World War I, Ghibu fled to the Old Kingdom and, after Romania joined the Entente side, the Hungarian Military Tribunal in Cluj-Napoca (Kolozsvár) sentenced him to death in absentia for desertion.
Throughout the Romanian Campaign and the Russian Revolution, Ghibu was active in the national Romanian movement which eventually led to the creation of a Moldavian Democratic Republic, which joined Greater Romania.
Life under communism
After the establishment of the communist regime in Romania, he was again arrested (December 10, 1956), and initially sentenced to 5 years in prison for organizing a rally of students at the seminary, which was inspired by the Hungarian Revolution and deemed an "action against the democratic people's regime of the People's Republic of Romania". Incarcerated successively in the prisons of Văcăreşti, Sibiu and Făgăraş, he was released after 2 years, on January 13, 1958.
- (Romanian) Revista de istorie Agero-Stuttgart, PDF, accessed on July 11, 2011
- (Romanian) Ilarion Ţiu, "A cui este ţara aceasta?", in Jurnalul Naţional, August 29, 2005
- (Romanian) Onisifor Ghibu at the Sighet Memorial