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Online deliberation is the fostering of serious, purposive discussion over the Internet through research and the use of dedicated software. It has similar aims to e-democracy.
Online deliberation is very interdisciplinary, and includes practices such as online consultation, e-participation, online deliberative polling, online facilitation, online research communities, interactive e-learning, civic dialogue in Internet forums and online chat, and group decision making that utilizes collaborative software and other forms of computer-mediated communication. Work in all these endeavors is tied together by the challenge of using electronic media in a way that deepens thinking and improves mutual understanding.
Open international conferences on online deliberation have been held at Carnegie Mellon University in 2003, Stanford University in 2005, and the University of California, Berkeley in 2008. The most recent conference was held at the University of Leeds, June 30-July 2, 2010. Attendees of the 2005 conference voted to create an international society for online deliberation, but no formal organization has yet been established. Other events of interest have been sponsored by the Online Deliberative Democracy Consortium.
In January of 2014 the Data and Democracy Initiative of the Center for Information Technology Research in the Interest of Society at University of California, Berkeley, together with Lt. Governor Gavin Newsom, launched the California Report Card (CRC), a mobile-optimized web application designed to facilitate online deliberative democracy. After a short opinion poll on 6 timely issues, participants are invited to enter an online "café" where they are placed, using Principal Component Analysis, among users with similar views. They are then encouraged to engage in the deliberative process by entering textual suggestions about new political issues, and grading other participants' suggestions. The California Report Card prides itself on being resistant to private agendas dominating the discussion.
The open source web application Loomio aims to make collaboration and deliberation in groups easy and engaging.
- Argument map – See the section Online, collaborative.
- Collaborative software
- Computer-mediated communication
- Computer supported cooperative work
- Deliberative democracy
- Deliberative opinion poll
- Group decision support systems
- Online consultation
- Online research communities
- Public sphere
- Web annotation
- Online deliberation resources
- Developing and Using Online Tools for Deliberative Democracy - the first conference on online deliberation, Carnegie Mellon University (June 2003)
- Online Deliberation 2005 / DIAC-2005 - the Second Conference on Online Deliberation: Design, Research, and Practice, Stanford University (May 2005)
- Deepening Online Deliberation - invitational workshop sponsored by the Online Deliberative Democracy Consortium, University of Minnesota (June 2005)
- Tools for Participation: Collaboration, Deliberation, and Decision Support (DIAC-2008/OD2008) - the Third Conference on Online Deliberation, University of California, Berkeley (June 2008)
- The Fourth International Conference on Online Deliberation - University of Leeds (June 30-July 2, 2010)
- Facilitating large-scale online deliberation with collaborative debate maps - Allowing all voices and arguments to be represented and weighed transparently in context.
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