Online music education
Online music education is a recent development in the field of music education consisting of the application of new technologies associated with distance learning and online education for the purpose of teaching and learning music in an online environment mediated by computers and the internet.
The origins of online music education may be traced to the use of technologies to supplement face-to-face learning in traditional classroom settings, however in recent years it has expanded to include the offering of entire degree programs - even doctoral degrees - online.
The rise of technologies leading to the development of online music education is well documented, and such studies have become particularly popular in the United States in recent years (Schlager, 2008; Webster, 2007). Salavuo (2006) has examined the recent popularization of informal engagement with music technology in online social networks, which may embody a form of informal community music education. The potential of online music education to create positive change in terms of professional development has been noted by various scholars (Hebert, 2008; Sherbon & Kish, 2005); However, concerns have also been raised regarding the absence of a sufficient research base concerning the effectiveness of online music education (Hebert, 2007; Webster, 2007). It is likely that more studies will be seen in this high-growth area in the coming years.
There are many variations of online music education, ranging from the ad hoc and essentially non-categorized music video lessons on YouTube to the formal courses offered by institutions such as Berklee College of Music and informal courses offered by private organizations. Online music education content can be in the form of text, audio, video, images, or a combination thereof. Such content can often be downloaded. Online lessons may involve the option to interact directly with an instructor (via video conferencing or Skype) or the submission of lesson material for review by the instructor (delayed interactivity) - or no interactivity at all. High-speed internet connection - as it becomes more available and reliable - is the key to the further development of online music education.
Institutions Offering Online Music Education
The following is a partial list of North American institutions that offer online degree programs in music education:
- Auburn University
- Boston University College of Fine Arts
- Duquesne University
- East Carolina University
- Ohio University
- Stephen F. Austin State University
- University of Hawaii-Manoa
- University of Southern Mississippi
The most common degree offered online in this subject area is a Master of Music, although one institution also offers a Doctor of Musical Arts degree. As of mid-2008, one institution - Boston University - has over 800 online graduate students in music education.
Scholars of Online Music Education
The following is a partial list of scholars and educators who are researching online music education and related topics:
- William I. Bauer
- Nadav Dafni
- David Hebert
- Scott D. Lipscomb
- Joseph M. Pisano
- Samuel Leong
- Alex Ruthmann
- Miikka Salavuo
- Jonathan Savage
- Peter Webster
- Shankar Mahadevan
- Hebert, David G. "Reflections on Teaching the Aesthetics and Sociology of Music Online." International Review of the Aesthetics and Sociology of Music 39 no. 1 (2008, June).
- Hebert, David G. "Five Challenges and Solutions in Online Music Teacher Education." Research and Issues in Music Education 5 (2007).
- Salavuo, Miikka. "Open and Informal Online Communities as Forums of Collaborative Musical Activities and Learning." British Journal of Music Education 23 no. 3 (2006), pp.253-271.
- Schlager, Ken. "Distance Learning." Teaching Music 15 no. 6 (2008, June): 36-38.
- Sherbon, James W. & Kish, David L. "Distance Learning and the Music Teacher." Music Educators Journal 92 no. 2 (2005): 36-41.
- Webster, Peter R. "Computer-Based Technology and Music Teaching and Learning: 2000-2005." In Liora Bresler (Ed.), International Handbook of Research in Arts Education (New York: Springer, 2007): pp.1311-1328.
- International Society for Music Education
- MayDay Group
- Dr Fung's International Music Education Links
- Links from MENC: The National Association for Music Education
- Research and Issues in Music Education
- International Journal of Education and the Arts
- Visions of Research in Music Education
- Online Music Education Games
- Free Online Music Courses
- Berklee Online Music Programs
- ThinkQuest Music Notes
- - Music, Education, Technology -MusTech.Net
- Articles about online music education at Netsounds
- Mousikos Kyklos online music education
- Music Training Online Program For Kids
- Online Piano & Guitar Lessons