Onota Township, Michigan

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Not to be confused with the former village of Onota, Au Train Township, Michigan, located several miles to the east in Alger County.
"Rock River, Michigan" redirects here. Rock River Township, Michigan is adjacent to the south of Onota Township.
Onota Township, Michigan
Township
Onota Township is located in Michigan
Onota Township
Onota Township
Location within the state of Michigan
Coordinates: 46°28′37″N 86°59′24″W / 46.47694°N 86.99000°W / 46.47694; -86.99000Coordinates: 46°28′37″N 86°59′24″W / 46.47694°N 86.99000°W / 46.47694; -86.99000
Country United States
State Michigan
County Alger
Area
 • Total 103.6 sq mi (268.3 km2)
 • Land 87.7 sq mi (227.2 km2)
 • Water 15.9 sq mi (41.1 km2)
Elevation 748 ft (228 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 352
 • Density 4/sq mi (1.5/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 49806 (Au Train),
49825 (Eben Junction),
49822 (Deerton),
49885 (Skandia)
FIPS code 26-60820[1]
GNIS feature ID 1626850[2]

Onota Township is a civil township of Alger County in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the township population was 352.[3]

Communities[edit]

There are no incorporated municipalities in the township.

Deerton is an unincorporated community at 46°28′28″N 87°02′31″W / 46.47444°N 87.04194°W / 46.47444; -87.04194 (Deerton, Michigan).[4] Deerton began as a station on the Detroit, Mackinac and Marquette Railroad in 1882. A post office has been in operation there since 1922.[5] The Deerton ZIP code, 49822, serves the western part of the township, as well as a portion of western Chocolay Township and northwestern Rock River Township.[6]

Rock River is an unincorporated community on M-28 near the mouth of the Rock River at 46°27′50″N 86°54′48″W / 46.46389°N 86.91333°W / 46.46389; -86.91333 (Rock River, Michigan)[7] This is distinct from Rock River Township, which is adjacent to the south of Onota Township. The settlement was a station on the Detroit, Mackinac and Marquette Railroad in 1882 at charcoal kilns near the mouth of the Rock River.[8] A post office was established on February 20, 1886, with John H. Johnson as its first postmaster. The office closed on May 25, 1898, but was restored on October 19, 1898, and continued to operate until June 15, 1906. Various locations along the Rock River have been given this name.[5][9]

Sand River is an unincorporated community on M-28 near the mouth of the Sand River at 46°29′26″N 87°06′57″W / 46.49056°N 87.11583°W / 46.49056; -87.11583 (Sand River, Michigan)[10] The community is on the western boundary of the township and is partially in Chocolay Township in Marquette County. It began as a station on the Detroit, Mackinac and Marquette Railroad in 1882. A post office named Sand River was established in Alger County on March 14, 1891, with Charles A. Hazen as its first postmaster. The office was transferred to Marquette County on September 12, 1908 and closed on December 31, 1911.[5] From 1904 through 1908 it was a winter post office.[11]

Tyoga was a former post office and a station on the Duluth, South Shore and Atlantic Railway at 46°29′40″N 87°02′35″W / 46.49444°N 87.04306°W / 46.49444; -87.04306 (Tyoga, Michigan). The settlement formed around the mill and general store of the Tyoga Lumber Company. A post office was established on February 15, 1906, with John W. Bailey as postmaster. The office closed on July 31, 1907.[5][12] Tyoga now hosts a guided pathway detailing the settlement history of the site.[13]

Au Train Township is to the east, and the Au Train ZIP code, 49806, serves eastern and northern portions of the township.[14]

Eben Junction is to the south, in Rock River Township, and the Eben Junction ZIP code, 49825, serves a small area in the southern part of the township.[15]

Skandia Township is to the southwest in Marquette County, and the Skandia ZIP code, 49885, serves southern and central areas of Onota Township.[16]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 103.6 square miles (268.3 km2), of which 87.7 square miles (227.2 km2) is land and 15.9 square miles (41.1 km2), or 15.31%, is water.[3]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2010, there were 352 people, 108 households, and 69 families residing in the township. The population density was 3.6 per square mile (1.4/km²). There were 373 housing units at an average density of 4.9 per square mile (1.6/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 96.5% White, 2% identified by two or more races, and the remainder as less than 1% of each of the following: Native American, Asian, and Other.

There were 108 households out of which 18.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.4% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.1% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.04 and the average family size was 2.52.

In the township, the population[17] was spread out with 9.9% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 20 to 34, 14.2% from 35 to 49, 37% from 50 to 64, and 29.3% who are 65 years of age or older. There were 184 females, with a median age of 51; and 168 males, with a median age of 54.4.

The median income for a household in the township was $37,708, and the median income for a family was $38,333. Males had a median income of $52,000 versus $39,583 for females. The per capita income for the township was $24,267. About 13% of families and 21.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including up to 50% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Onota Township, Michigan
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Onota township, Alger County, Michigan". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 5, 2013. 
  4. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Deerton, Michigan
  5. ^ a b c d Romig, Walter (1986) [1973]. Michigan Place Names. Detroit, Michigan: Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-1838-X. 
  6. ^ 49822 5-Digit ZCTA, 498 3-Digit ZCTA - Reference Map - American FactFinder, U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 census
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Rock River, Michigan
  8. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Old Charcoal Kilns Ruins (historical)
  9. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Rock River Post Office (historical)
  10. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Sand River, Michigan
  11. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Sand River Post Office (historical)
  12. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Tyoga Post Office (historical)
  13. ^ "Tyoga Pathway". State of Michigan. Retrieved 2013-04-05. 
  14. ^ 49806 5-Digit ZCTA, 498 3-Digit ZCTA - Reference Map - American FactFinder, U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 census
  15. ^ 49825 5-Digit ZCTA, 498 3-Digit ZCTA - Reference Map - American FactFinder, U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 census
  16. ^ 49885 5-Digit ZCTA, 498 3-Digit ZCTA - Reference Map - American FactFinder, U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 census
  17. ^ "2010 Census". Retrieved 2013-04-05.