Onsong County

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Onsong County
온성군
County
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hanja 穩城郡
 • McCune-Reischauer Onsŏng kun
 • Revised Romanization Onseong-gun
Country North Korea
Province North Hamgyong Province
Administrative divisions 1 ŭp;, 10 workers' districts, 15 ri
Area
 • Total 430 km2 (170 sq mi)
Population (1991 est.)
 • Total 134,524

Onsŏng County is a county (kun) in North Hamgyong Province, North Korea, located near the border with China. The administrative center is the town (ŭp) of Onsong. Onsong is the alleged site of the former Onsong concentration camp, now closed.

History[edit]

Onsong was one of the six post/garrisons (Chosŏn'gŭl: 육진; hancha: 六鎭) established under the order of Sejong the Great of Joseon (1418–1450) to safeguard his people from the hostile Chinese and Manchurian nomads living in Manchuria.

Geography[edit]

Onsong lies along the Tumen River, which forms the border with China. To the north of Onsong is Jilin Province, China. Onsong also contains the northernmost point in Korea, at 43°0'39″ N. Liangshui (Chosŏn'gŭl: 량수진; hancha: 凉水鎮), in Tumen prefecture, is the closest Chinese town across the river.

The land of Onsong is mainly mountainous, although a part is flatland. It has a continental climate, and is the region of Korea with the longest winter, except the Kaema Plateau. The highest peak is Yŏndubong.

Economy[edit]

Being mountainous in nature, Onsong is not well suited to agriculture. Ironically, however, it has the highest ratio of rice paddies to dry fields of any district in North Hamgyong Province. Logging is prevalent in the Tumen River basin. Lignite coal is also produced.

Transportation[edit]

Onsong is served by roads and railroads. In winter, it is also possible to cross the frozen Tumen River into China.

Third-level administrative divisions[edit]

Onsong County is divided into 1 town ("Ŭp") 15 villages ("Ri") and 10 worker's districts ("Rodongjagu").

Chosŏn'gŭl Hancha
Onsŏng-ŭp 온성읍 穩城邑
Namyang-rodongjagu 남양노동자구 南陽勞動者區
Ontan-rodongjagu 온탄노동자구 穩炭勞動者區
Sanghwa-rodongjagu 상화노동자구 上和勞動煮區
Chuwon-rodongjagu 주원노동자구 周原勞動者區
Pungin-rodongjagu 풍인노동자구 豊仁勞動者區
Chongsong-rodongjagu 종성노동자구 鍾城勞動者區
Changpyong-rodongjagu 창평노동자구 蒼坪勞動者區
Tongpo-rodongjagu 동포노동자구 東浦勞動者區
Sansong-rodongjagu 산성노동자구 山城勞動者區
Sambong-rodongjagu 삼봉노동자구 三峰勞動者區
Pungha-ri 풍하리 豊利里
Pungso-ri 풍서리 豊西里
Seson-ri 세선리 世仙里
Hyangdang-ri 향당리 香堂里
Ryongnam-ri 룡남리 龍南里
Wangjaesan-ri 왕재산리
Misan-ri 미산리 美山里
Tulubong-ri 두루봉리
Kangan-ri 강안리 江岸里
Yonggang-ri 영강리 永江里
Pungchon-ri 풍천리 豊川里
Hasambong-ri 하삼봉리 下三峰里
Punggye-ri 풍계리 豊溪里
Unam-ri 운암리 雲岩里
Chungsan-ri 증산리 甑山里

Notables personalities[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°57′20″N 129°59′30″E / 42.95556°N 129.99167°E / 42.95556; 129.99167