Ontario Agricultural College
|Ontario Agricultural College at the University of Guelph|
|Type||Public university Agricultural College|
|Dean||Robert Gordon, PhD|
|Location||Alfred, Guelph, Kemptville and Ridgetown, Ontario, Canada|
|Colours||Red and White|
|Affiliations||CUSID, UACC, ACCC, CCAA,|
The Ontario Agricultural College (OAC) originated at the agricultural laboratories of the Toronto Normal School, and was officially founded in 1874 as an associate agricultural college of the University of Toronto. Since 1964, it has become affiliated with the University of Guelph, which operates four campuses throughout Ontario.
Ontario farmers increasingly demanded more information on the best farming techniques which led to farm magazines and agricultural fairs. In 1868 the assembly created an agricultural museum, which morphed into the Ontario Agricultural College in Guelph in 1874. Its first building was Moreton Lodge, located where Johnston Hall now stands, which included classrooms, residences, a library, and a dining room. (Several buildings constructed during this time period are still a part of campus life today, including President's Residence, Raithby House, and Day Hall.)
The War Memorial Hall is a landmark building built in June 1924 as a lecture hall or theatre at the Ontario Agricultural College to honour students who had enlisted and died in the First World War, and in the Second World War. Two bronze tablets in the Memorial Chapel remembers alumni who have died during these wars.
Subsequently, the Ontario Agricultural College (OAC) became one of three founding colleges of the University of Guelph in 1964. (The other two were the Ontario Veterinary College and the Macdonald Institute.)
The OAC opened on May 1, 1874 with an enrollment of 28 students. The OAC administration was housed in Moreton Lodge until 1931, when the building was torn down to make way for Johnston Hall. The OAC's offices have resided in Johnston Hall ever since.
In 1997, the provincial government amalgamated agriculture education across the province under the University of Guelph and OAC. Three previous Colleges of Agricultural Technology were now being run by the University of Guelph and OAC: College d'Alfred, a francophone college in the eastern part of the province at Alfred, Ontario; Kemptville College, founded in 1917 and located at Kemptville, Ontario about 30 minutes south of Ottawa, and Ridgetown College at Ridgetown, Ontario founded in 1922 and located in southwestern Ontario near Chatham. In May 2007, they were renamed Campus d'Alfred, Kemptville Campus and Ridgetown Campus in order to recognize their full integration into the university.
The OAC offers a wide range of degree and diploma programs based on four main pillars: food, agriculture, environment, and rural communities. The following degrees and diplomas are available under the OAC:
- Associate Diploma
- Environmental Management
- Turfgrass Management
- Veterinary Technology
- Bachelor of Arts
- Food, Agriculture & Resource Economics
- Bachelor of Bio-Resource Management
- Equine Management
- Environmental Management
- Bachelor of Science in Agriculture
- Animal Science
- Crop, Horticultural and Turfgrass Sciences
- Honours Agricultural Science
- Organic Agriculture
- Bachelor of Science in Environmental Sciences
- Environmental Sciences
- Environmental Economics & Policy
- Bachelor of Landscape Architecture
- Bachelor of Commerce
- Food and Agricultural Business
- Bachelor of Science
- Animal Biology
- Environmental Biology
- Food Science
- Plant Science
- 1877 - The one-year diploma program expanded to two years.
- 1880 - School's name changed to the Ontario Agricultural College.
- 1891 - Short courses offered to general public.
- 1901 - Degree program adds a fourth year (still a U of T degree).
- 1926 - Graduate program begins.
- 1964 - Formation of the University of Guelph.
- 1965 - The Bachelor of Landscape Architecture begins.
- 1988 - Bachelor of Commerce and Bachelor of Environmental Science programs begins.
- 1995 - "Experience Agriculture" curriculum for B.Sc.(Agr) program begins.
- 1997 - Agricultural colleges in Kemptville, Ridgetown and Alfred affiliate with OAC and the University of Guelph becoming campuses of the University of Guelph.
- 2006 - The Faculty of Environmental Sciences is relocated permanently to the OAC.
- 2007 - The Bachelor of Bio-Resource Management - Equine Management program begins.
- 2008 - The Bioproducts Discovery and Development Centre opens. The Guelph Centre for Urban Organic Farming opens on campus.
- 2009 - The School of Environmental Sciences is formed by a merger of the departments of Environmental Biology and Land Resource Sciences, and the Faculty of Environmental Sciences.
- 2014 - The Gosling Research Institute for Plant Preservation opens.
Notable Alumni & Faculty
- Charles Zavitz - Pioneer in bringing soybeans to Ontario.
- Jack Winch - Worked on cover crops suitable for reclamation in areas such as old quarries.
- Gary R. Johnston - Headed the breeding program that produced the popular Yukon Gold potato variety.
- Lloyd Edgington - Played a major role in introducing systemic fungicides
- Henry Hoshel Dean - Modernized butter and cheese-making, and introduced practical teaching of dairy technology.
- Isabella Preston - One of Canada's most successful breeders of ornamental plants.
- John Kenneth Galbraith - Famous economist having written many books focusing on the market power of large corporations. Served as an adviser to John F. Kennedy.
- George Stewart Henry - Tenth Premier of Ontario.
- Grant MacEwan - Ninth Lieutenant Governor of Alberta.
- Harry Nixon - Thirteenth Premier of Ontario.
- H.R. MacMillan - Canadian forester, forestry industrialist, wartime administrator, and philanthropist.
- Ernest Charles Drury
- Edgar Archibald
- Roberta Bondar
The Student Federation of the Ontario Agricultural College (SFOAC) is the student government for all students studying in OAC's programs. Each OAC class has a representative on SFOAC, and these representatives aim to promote spirit, leadership, enthusiasm and opportunity. With the sanction of the Dean of the college, the SFOAC gives the student body of the OAC self-governance in matters pertaining to the student body, as well as distributing fees to classes and clubs within the OAC to promote activities.
Students enrolled in OAC programs connected to agriculture often refer to themselves as 'Aggies'. They are known on and off campus for their strong sense of college pride, which is carried out through various traditions. Many generations of Aggies sport leather jackets. These jackets are ordered for each new class year and sport a class crest, class colours, class graduation year and their program of study. Aggies are also known for their weekly 'pub nights' hosted on campus.
All students of the University of Guelph, including students of the OAC, participate in the tradition of painting Old Jeremiah.
An annual feature of the university is its open house, known as College Royal. The event began in 1925 and now welcomes over 20,000 visitors each year. For a weekend each March, every part of the campus and its programs are exhibited to the public, from the barns to the sugar bush in the Arboretum. It is highly popular with visitors of all ages, especially families with children who take advantage of the March Break (the usual Ontario school break) to have an outing. For students, College Royal is a 12-day long experience including events such as Fashion Show, Kick-Off Pub and Super Thursday.
- John Carter, "The Education of the Ontario Farmer," Ontario History, May 2004, Vol. 96 Issue 1, pp 62-84
- http://www.library.guelph.on.ca/localhistory/photodbase/dborig/C6-0-0-0-0-848.jpg War Memorial Hall
- About OAC
- Ontario Agricultural College Home Page
- Student Federation of the Ontario Agricultural College (SFOAC) Website
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