Ontario Highway 11
|Maintained by the Ministry of Transportation of Ontario|
|Length:||1,780.2 km (1,106.2 mi)|
|Existed:||1920 – present|
|South end:||Highway 400 – Barrie|
| Highway 12 – Orillia
Highway 60 – Huntsville
Highway 17 – North Bay
Highway 63 – North Bay
Highway 64 – Marten River
Highway 65 – New Liskeard
Highway 66 – Kenogami
Highway 101 – Matheson
Highway 17 / Highway 61 – Thunder Bay
Highway 71 – Fort Frances
|West end:||MN 72 – Baudette, MN|
|Divisions:||Simcoe County, Muskoka, Parry Sound District, Nipissing District, Timiskaming District, Cochrane District, Thunder Bay District, Rainy River District|
|Major cities:||Barrie, Orillia, North Bay, Temiskaming Shores, Thunder Bay|
|Towns:||Gravenhurst, Bracebridge, Huntsville, Burk's Falls, South River, Powassan, Temagami, Englehart, Matheson, Cochrane, Kapuskasing, Hearst, Longlac, Geraldton, Nipigon, Fort Frances, Rainy River|
King's Highway 11, commonly referred to as Highway 11, is a provincially maintained highway in the Canadian province of Ontario. At 1,780.2 kilometres (1,106.2 mi), it is the second longest highway in the province, following Highway 17. Highway 11 begins at Highway 400 in Barrie, and arches through northern Ontario to the Ontario–Minnesota border at Rainy River via Thunder Bay; the road continues as Minnesota State Highway 72 across the Baudette-Rainy River International Bridge.
Highway 11 was originally planned as a trunk road to connect the communities of Southern Ontario to those of Northern Ontario, as a continuous route from Toronto to North Bay. In 1919, Premier of Ontario Ernest Charles Drury created the Department of Public Highways, though much of the responsibility for establishing the route he left to minister of the new cabinet position, Frank Campbell Biggs. By linking together several previously built roads such as Yonge Street, Penetanguishene Road, Middle Crossroad and the Muskoka Road, all early colonization roads in this region, a continuous route was created between Toronto and North Bay; however, the new department's jurisdiction did not extend north of the Severn River. North of the Severn River, the roadway was maintained by the Department of Northern Development.
Further expansion was planned with a new highway from North Bay to Cochrane. Construction began in 1925, including reconstruction of portions of the old Muskoka Road from Severn Bridge which was officially opened on July 2, 1927. When it was opened, it was named the Ferguson Highway, in honour of Premier George Howard Ferguson (Drury's successor). Roads in northern Ontario later came under the Ministry of Transportation and became provincial highways.
Over the years, Highway 11 grew to stretch from downtown Toronto all the way to the Minnesota border. Highway 11 became synonymous with Yonge Street, the name of the street in Toronto which formed its southernmost segment. It is from this that Yonge Street gained a disputed reputation as the "longest street in the world".
In 1997, the care of the highway portion south of Barrie, including Yonge Street, was transferred by the provincial government to various regional governments as part of significant cost reductions by the Ministry of Transportation of Ontario. This practice is called downloading, in that the financial burden will fall to a lower tier government; this is often used when a stretch of road lost its regional importance and it is improper to ask other taxpayers in other regions to pay for this road from which they derive no benefit. Along with the name Yonge Street, the section in York Region is now York Regional Road 1, the section in Simcoe County is now mostly Simcoe County 4. Within the city of Toronto, which does not have a regional road numbering system, it is now known simply as Yonge Street. Highway 11 consequently assumed the 1.1-kilometre highway stub formerly known as Highway 400A, and now ends at the interchange with Highway 400 just north of Barrie's city limits.
Highway 11 began to be upgraded beginning in the 1960's when the stretch between Barrie and Gravenhurst was upgraded to a 4 lane highway with a median barrier and right-in/right-out ramps, with a signed speed limit of 90 km/h. Upgrades continued in the 1970's between Gravenhurst and Huntsville, where the highway was built with a grass median and a mix of interchanges and at grade intersections. Major reconstruction of Highway 11 betweem North Bay and Huntsville began in 2003, upgrading the route from a two-lane rural highway to a four-lane road. In some sections the route was being built as an expressway with right-in/right-out ramps or at-grade intersections, while in others it was built as a full 400-Series freeway. Between Gravenhurst and North bay the highway is signed at 100 km/h.
Highway 11 crosses the 45th parallel (halfway between the equator and north pole) 600 metres north of the bridge carrying Highway 118 at interchange 182, just outside of Bracebridge.
Due to a steep incline as it descends Thibeault Hill into North Bay, the southbound Algonquin Avenue segment of Highway 11 features the only runaway truck ramp on Ontario's highway system. The Ministry of Transportation is currently undertaking a study of potential highway improvements in the North Bay area, which may include a new westerly realignment of this segment to bypass the hill.
On August 9, 2012, construction of the fully divided four lane freeway between Huntsville and North Bay was completed. However, as the section south of Gravenhurst is still a RIRO expressway rather than a full freeway, the highway is not currently slated to be renumbered as Highway 411.
The highway passes through remote northern parts of the province. The stretch of highway between Hearst and Longlac, over 200 km, is totally uninhabited, and it is recommended that travelers stop to refuel before crossing this region.
Highway 11B is the designation for business routes of Highway 11, nine of which have existed over the years. Two continue to exist today, while the remaining seven have been decommissioned. With the exception of the short spur route into Atikokan, all were at one time the primary route of Highway 11 through the communities they served, and were redesignated as 11B after a newer bypass alignment was constructed.
All sections of Highway 11B have now been decommissioned by the province with the exception of the Atikokan route and the southernmost section of the former Tri-Town route between Cobalt and Highway 11.
- Holland Landing
- North Bay
- Cobalt/Temiskaming Shores
- Thunder Bay
Highway 11 between Barrie and Gravenhurst is currently a right-in/right-out (RIRO) expressway (local access permitted, turnarounds via special interchanges), except for a section around Orillia which is a full freeway. Another freeway section does exist in Barrie with the freeway segment from the southern terminus ending at Penetanguishene Road (Simcoe Road 93). The MTO is currently planning on either converting the existing RIRO expressway to a full six-lane freeway, or bypassing it with an entirely new alignment. An environmental and fiscal study concluded that the improvements from Barrie to Gravenhurst will involve the existing route being widened with the exception of a portion south of Gravenhurst that may potentially be constructed to the east of the current road.
|Simcoe||Oro-Medonte||0.0||0.0|| Highway 400A south – Barrie, Toronto
County Road 93 north (Penetanguishene Road) – Midland
|Continuation of Ontario Highway 400 kilometre markers|
|5.7||3.5||Oro-Medonte Line 4|
|15.8||9.8||County Road 20 (Oro-Medonte Line 11)|
|Orillia||23.6||14.7||129||Memorial Avenue||Northbound exit only; southbound exit and northbound entrance via Oro-Medonte Line 15|
|25.3||15.7||131||Highway 12 south (Old Barrie Road) – Whitby|
|27.7||17.2||133||Highway 12 north (Coldwater Road) – Coldwater, Midland|
|29.8||18.5||135||County Road 18 (West Street / Burnside Line)|
|31.4||19.5||Laclie Street||Northbound entrance and southbound exit|
|Severn||38.9||24.2||Bayou Road / New Brailey Line|
|46.7||29.0||County Road 169 south|
|64.9||40.3||169||District Road 169 west (Muskoka Road) – Bala, Parry Sound||Dead Man's Curve; no northbound entrance|
|69.9||43.4||175||District Road 41 west (Bethune Road)
District Road 6 east (Doe Lake Road)
|76.8||47.7||182|| Highway 118 east – Haliburton
District Road 118 west – Bracebridge, Port Carling
|78.8||49.0||184||District Road 37 (Fredrick Street / Cedar Lane)|
|83.6||51.9||189||District Road 42 (Taylor Road)|
|87.5||54.4||193||District Road 117 east – Dorset|
|Huntsville||101.8||63.3||207|| Highway 141 west – Parry Sound, Utterson
District Road 10 – Port Sydney
|114.3||71.0||219||District Road 3 (Aspdin Road / Main Street)||Huntsville Bypass|
|116.6||72.5||221||District Road 2 (West Road / Ravenscliffe Road)|
|118.3||73.5||223||Highway 60 east – Ottawa – Algonquin Provincial Park|
|121.5||75.5||226||District Road 3|
|126.3||78.5||235||Highway 592 north (Novar Road) – Emsdale||Emsdale Bypass|
|Parry Sound||Emsdale||135.2||84.0||244||Fern Glen Road west / Scotia Road east|
|139.4||86.6||248||Highway 518 west – Parry Sound|
|141.1||87.7||252||Doe Lake Road west / Three Mile Lake Road east|
|Burk's Falls||148.3||92.1||257||Highway 520 (Ontario Street) – Magnetawan||Burk's Falls Bypass|
|Sundridge||167.6||104.1||276||Highway 124 – Parry Sound, South River||Sundridge / South River Bypass|
|South River||174.4||108.4||282||Mountain Road and Tower Road|
|179.9||111.8||289||Highway 124 – Sundridge|
|Laurier||184.9||114.9||294||Goreville Road / Summit Road|
|Trout Creek||192.3||119.5||301||Highway 522 west – Commanda||Trout Creek Bypass|
|Powassan||207.6||129.0||316||Highway 534 west – Nipissing, Restoule|
|Callander||220.6||137.1||329||Highway 654 (Lake Nosbonsing Road) – Nipissing||To Highway 94 north – Corbeil|
|Nipissing||North Bay||229.7||142.7||338||Lakeshore Drive||Formerly Highway 11B|
|235.4||146.3||344||Highway 17 east – Ottawa||Beginning of Highway 17 concurrency|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
Highway 11 just north of North Bay. On the left the Brake Check area can be seen before trucks head into North Bay.
New 4-lane divided highway at North Waseosa Lake Road/Rockhaven Road interchange near Melissa.
Winter can pose serious driving hazards along Hwy 11 (near Temagami).
New 4-lane divided Hwy 11 (near Katrine).
- Webers, a fast-food restaurant located alongside the highway, near Orillia
- Ministry of Transportation of Ontario (2008). "Annual Average Daily Traffic (AADT) counts". Retrieved December 7, 2011.
- "Northern Highways Program: 2010–2014. Ontario Ministry of Transportation.
- "Highway 11 four-laning complete". North Bay Nugget, August 10, 2012.
- Looker, Janet (2000). Disaster Canada. Lynx Images. p. 57. ISBN 1-894073-13-4.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Highway 11 (Ontario).|
- Ontario Plaques – Ferguson Highway
- Ontario Highway 11 Homepage – A Virtual Community-by-Community Trip Along the World's Longest Street
- Highway 11 @ AsphaltPlanet.ca