Ontario Highway 66

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Highway 66 shield Trans-Canada Highway shield

Highway 66
Route information
Maintained by the Ministry of Transportation of Ontario
Length: 103.5 km[2] (64.3 mi)
Existed: September 22, 1937[1] – present
Major junctions
West end:  Highway 566 near Matachewan
   Highway 11 near Swastika
North end: Route 117 / TCH towards Rouyn-Noranda, Quebec
Highway system
←  Highway 65   Highway 67  →

King's Highway 66, commonly referred to as Highway 66, is a provincially maintained highway in the Canadian province of Ontario. Located in the Timiskaming District, the highway begins at Matachewan near a junction with Highway 65. It extends eastward for 107.0 kilometres (66.5 mi) to the Quebec boundary just east of Kearns. At the provincial boundary, the highway continues eastward as Route 117. From Highway 11 (41 kilometres (25 mi) east of Matachewan) at Kenogami Lake eastwards to the Quebec boundary, Highway 66 is designated as part of the Trans-Canada Highway.

Route description[edit]

Highway 66 passes through the controversially-named community of Swastika

Beginning at the village of Matachewan, where the highway continues west as Highway 566, the route travels 4.6 kilometres (2.9 mi) east to a junction with Highway 65. From there to the community of Kenogami Lake, on Highway 11, the highway passes through a 40 kilometres (25 mi) wilderness, encountering few roads or signs of humanity. Instead the highway winds through rock cuts, muskeg and thick coniferous forests. After intersecting Highway 11, the route continues east through the community of Swastika. It encounters Highway 112 between Swastika and the community of Chaput Hughes, after which the highway enters the town of Kirkland Lake. East of the town, Highway 66 passes through King Kirkland and encounters Highway 672. East of here, the highway returns to a remote setting, passing through the community of Larder Lake, where it encounters Highway 624. For the remaining 17 kilometres (11 mi), the route snakes through the wilderness, passing through the communities of Virginiatown and Kearns between long segments of forest. Immediately east of Kearns, the highway crosses the Ontario–Quebec boundary, where it continues as Quebec Route 117 to Rouyn-Noranda.[3]

The entirety of Highway 66 is located within Timiskaming District in the rugged and remote Canadian Shield. Outside of the communities along the route, there is almost no inhabitation or services. Consequently, traffic volumes drop considerably east of Highway 11.[2]

History[edit]

Highway 66 through Kearns.

Highway 66 was first assumed by the Department of Highways on September 22, 1937,[1] shortly after its merger with the Department of Northern Development (DND).[4] The DND created the road during the early 1930s, connecting several rail stops. The Kirkland Lake area is the site of several gold deposits that were discovered during the first quarter of the century, and the King's Highway status brought about new improvements to help service the mines. Initially, the route was only 26.2 miles (42.2 km) long, connecting Kirkland Lake with the Ontario–Quebec boundary. On November 16, 1955, the route was extended 25.5 miles (41.0 km) west to Highway 65 near Matachewan.[5] Although several minor realignments to improve the rugged route have been made since then, it did not change significantly between 1956 and 1997. On April 1, 1997, a 1.9 kilometres (1.2 mi) section of the highway, between Goldthorpe Drive and Main Street, was transferred to the town of Kirkland Lake.[6]

Major intersections[edit]

The following table lists the major junctions along Highway 66, as noted by the Ministry of Transportation of Ontario.[2] The entire route is located in Timiskaming District.[3] 

Location km[2] Mile Destinations Notes
Matachewan 0.0 0.0  Highway 566
4.6 2.9  Highway 65
Kenogami Lake 44.8 27.8  Highway 11
Kirkland Lake 54.0 33.6  Highway 112
57.1 35.5 Goldthorpe Drive Highway 66 ends
59.0 36.7 Main Street Highway 66 resumes; beginning of Kirkland Lake Connecting Link agreement
61.0 37.9 Kirkland Lake city limits; end of Kirkland Lake Connecting Link agreement
  73.6 45.7 Highway 672
Larder Lake 86.4 53.7 Highway 624 (Ontario Street)
  103.5 64.3
Ontario–Quebec boundary
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Appendix 3 - Schedule of Assumptions and Reversions". Annual Report (Report). Department of Highways. March 31, 1938. p. 80.
  2. ^ a b c Ministry of Transportation of Ontario (2008). "Annual Average Daily Traffic (AADT) counts". Retrieved February 13, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Peter Heiler Ltd (2010). Ontario Back Road Atlas (Map). pp. 105, section H17–J18. ISBN 978-1-55198-226-7.
  4. ^ "Appendix 3 - Schedule of Assumptions and Reversions". Annual Report (Report). Department of Highways. March 31, 1938. p. 8.
  5. ^ "Appendix 3 - Schedule of Assumptions of Sections". Annual Report (Report). Department of Highways. March 31, 1956. p. 205.
  6. ^ Highway Transfers List (Report). Ministry of Transportation of Ontario. April 1, 1997. p. 10.