Parliament of Ontario

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Parliament of Ontario
40th Parliament of Ontario
Type
Type Unicameral
Houses Legislative Assembly
History
Founded July 1, 1867 (1867-07-01)
Preceded by Parliament of the Province of Canada
Meeting place
Ontario Legislative Assembly, Toronto, May 2006.jpg
Ontario Legislative Building, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

The Parliament of Ontario is the legislature of the province of Ontario, Canada, since Confederation in 1867. The legislature is made of two elements: the monarch of Canada, represented by the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario, and the unicameral assembly called the Legislative Assembly of Ontario. The legislature has existed since 1867 when Ontario, then called Canada West, became one of the founding colonies of Canadian Confederation.

Like the Canadian federal government, Ontario uses a Westminster-style parliamentary government, in which members are elected to the Legislative Assembly after general elections and from there the party with the most seats chooses a Premier of Ontario and Executive Council of Ontario. The premier acts as Ontario's head of government, while the Queen of Canada acts as its head of state.

Members of the assembly are elected to the legislative assembly during general elections. General elections must be conducted every four years from the date of the last election, though before the 38th assembly they could last up to five years. An election may also happen if the governing party loses the confidence of the assembly, by the defeat of a supply bill or tabling of a confidence motion.

The leader of the party with the second-most seats in the House becomes the Leader of the Opposition, and debate between the parties is presided over by the Speaker of the House. When the party with the most seats has fewer than half of the total number of seats, it forms a minority government, which can be voted out of power by the other parties. Members meet in the Ontario Legislative Building at Queen's Park in the provincial capital city of Toronto.

List of Parliaments[edit]

Following is a list of the first 40 times the parliament has been convened since 1867. This list only covers the time since the Canadian Confederation was created in 1867. For the Parliaments of Canada West from 1840 to 1867, see Parliament of the Province of Canada.

Diagram Assembly
Sessions
Election From
To [1]
Governing Party Premier Official Opposition Party
Leader
Other Official Party
Leader
Speaker of the House
1st Parliament 1st general Sep. 3, 1867
Feb. 25, 1871
Liberal-Conservative
and Liberal coalition
John Sandfield Macdonald none none John Stevenson
2nd Parliament 2nd general Mar. 21, 1871
...
Liberal Edward Blake Liberal-Conservative:
Matthew Crooks Cameron
none Richard Scott (1871)
James Currie (1871–1873)
Rupert Wells (1874)
Oct. 25, 1872
Dec. 23, 1874
Sir Oliver Mowat
3rd Parliament 3rd general Jan. 18, 1875
April 25, 1879
Liberal Sir Oliver Mowat Conservative:
Matthew Crooks Cameron (1875–1878)
Sir William Ralph Meredith (1878–1879)
none Rupert Wells
4th Parliament 4th general June 5, 1879
Feb. 1, 1883
Liberal Sir Oliver Mowat Conservative:
Sir William Ralph Meredith
none Charles Clarke
5th Parliament 5th general Feb. 27, 1883
Nov. 15, 1886
Liberal Sir Oliver Mowat Conservative:
Sir William Ralph Meredith
none Charles Clarke
6th Parliament 6th general Dec. 29, 1886
April 26, 1890
Liberal Sir Oliver Mowat Conservative:
Sir William Ralph Meredith
none Jacob Baxter
7th Parliament 7th general June 5, 1890
May 29, 1894
Liberal Sir Oliver Mowat Conservative:
Sir William Ralph Meredith
none Thomas Ballantyne
8th Parliament 8th general June 26, 1894
...
Liberal Sir Oliver Mowat Conservative:
Sir William Ralph Meredith (1894)
George Marter (1894–1896)
Sir James Whitney
none William Balfour (1895–1896)
Francis Evanturel (1897–1898)
Jul. 21, 1896
Jan. 28, 1898
Arthur Hardy
9th Parliament 9th general Mar. 1, 1898
...
Liberal Arthur Hardy Conservative:
Sir James Whitney
none Francis Evanturel
Oct. 20, 1899
April 19, 1902
Sir George William Ross
10th Parliament 10th general May 29, 1902
Dec. 13, 1904
Liberal Sir George William Ross Conservative:
Sir James Whitney
none William Charlton
11th Parliament 11th general Jan. 25, 1905
May 2, 1908
Conservative Sir James Whitney Liberal:
Sir George William Ross (1905–1907)
George P. Graham (1907)
Alexander Grant MacKay (1907–1908)
none Joseph St. John (1905–1907)
Thomas Crawford (1907–1908)
12th Parliament 12th general June 8, 1908
Nov. 13, 1911
Conservative Sir James Whitney Liberal:
Alexander Grant MacKay
none Thomas Crawford
13th Parliament 13th general Dec. 11, 1911
May 29, 1914
Conservative Sir James Whitney Liberal:
Newton Wesley Rowell
none William Hoyle
14th Parliament 14th general June 29, 1914
...
Conservative Sir James Whitney Liberal:
Newton Wesley Rowell (1914–1917)
William Proudfoot (1917–1919)
none David Jamieson
Oct. 2, 1914
Sep. 23, 1919
Sir William Hearst
15th Parliament 15th general Oct. 20, 1919
May 10, 1923
United Farmers Ernest Drury Liberal:
Hartley Dewart (1919–1921)
Wellington Hay (1921–1923)
Conservative Nelson Parliament
16th Parliament 16th general June 25, 1923
Oct. 18, 1926
Conservative Howard Ferguson Liberal:
William Sinclair
United Farmers Joseph Thompson
17th Parliament 17th general Dec. 1, 1926
Sep. 17, 1929
Conservative Howard Ferguson Liberal:
William Sinclair
none William Black
18th Parliament 18th general Oct. 30, 1929
...
Conservative Howard Ferguson Liberal:
William Sinclair
none Thomas Kidd
Dec. 16, 1930
May 16, 1934
George Stewart Henry
19th Parliament 19th general June 19, 1934
Aug. 25, 1937
Liberal Mitchell Hepburn Conservative:
George Henry
none Norman Hipel
20th Parliament 20th general Oct. 6, 1937
...
Liberal Mitchell Hepburn Conservative:
George Henry (1937–1939)
George Drew (1939–1943)
none Norman Hipel (1937–1938)
James Clark (1939–1943)
Oct. 21, 1942
...
Gordon Daniel Conant
May 18, 1943
Harry Nixon
21st Parliament 21st general Aug. 4, 1943
Mar. 24, 1945
Progressive Conservative minority
(38 of 90 seats)
George Drew Co-operative Commonwealth Federation:
Ted Jolliffe
Liberal William James Stewart
22nd Parliament 22nd general June 4, 1945
April 27, 1948
Progressive Conservative
(66 of 90 seats)
George Drew Liberal:
Farquhar Oliver
none William James Stewart (1945–1947)
James Hepburn (1947–1948)
23rd Parliament 23rd general June 7, 1948
...
Progressive Conservative
(53 of 90 seats)
George Drew Co-operative Commonwealth Federation:
Ted Jolliffe
Liberal Cooke Davies
Oct. 19, 1948
...
Thomas Laird Kennedy
May 4, 1949
Oct. 6, 1951
Leslie Frost
24th Parliament 24th general Nov. 22, 1951
May 2, 1955
Progressive Conservative
(79 of 90 seats)
Leslie Frost Liberal:
Farquhar Oliver
none Cooke Davies
25th Parliament 25th general June 9, 1955
May 4, 1959
Progressive Conservative
(87 of 98 seats)
Leslie Frost Liberal:
Farquhar Oliver (1955–1958)
John Wintermeyer (1958–1959)
none Alfred Downer
26th Parliament 26th general June 11, 1959
...
Progressive Conservative
(71 of 98 seats)
Leslie Frost Liberal:
John Wintermeyer
none William Murdoch
Nov. 8, 1961
Aug. 16, 1963
John Robarts
27th Parliament 27th general Sep. 25, 1963
Sep. 5, 1967
Progressive Conservative
(77 of 108 seats)
John Robarts Liberal:
Farquhar Oliver (1963–1964)
Andy Thompson (1964–1966)
Robert Nixon (1967)
none Donald Morrow
28th Parliament 28th general Oct. 17, 1967
...
Progressive Conservative
(69 of 117 seats)
John Robarts Liberal:
Robert Nixon
New Democrat Frederick Cass
Mar. 1, 1971
Sep. 13, 1971
Bill Davis
29th Parliament 29th general Oct. 21, 1971
Aug. 11, 1975
Progressive Conservative
(78 of 117 seats)
Bill Davis Liberal:
Robert Nixon
New Democrat:
Stephen Lewis
Allan Reuter (1971–1974)
Russell Rowe (1974–1975)
Oleg75.png 30th Parliament 30th general Sep. 18, 1975
April 29, 1977
Progressive Conservative minority
(51 of 125 seats)
Bill Davis New Democrat:
Stephen Lewis
Liberal:
Robert Nixon (1975–1976)
Stuart Smith (1976–1977)
Russell Rowe
Oleg77.png 31st Parliament 31st general June 9, 1977
Feb. 2, 1981
Progressive Conservative minority
(58 of 125 seats)
Bill Davis Liberal:
Stuart Smith
New Democrat:
Stephen Lewis (1978)
Michael Cassidy (1978–1981)
Jack Stokes
Oleg81.png 32nd Parliament
4 sessions
32nd general Mar. 19, 1981
...
Progressive Conservative
(70 of 125 seats)
Bill Davis Liberal:
Robert Nixon (1982)
David Peterson (1982–1985)
New Democrat:
Michael Cassidy (1982)
Bob Rae (1982–1985)
John M. Turner
Feb. 8,1985
Mar. 25, 1985
Frank Miller
Oleg85.png 33rd Parliament
3 sessions
33rd general May 2, 1985
...
Progressive Conservative minority
(52 of 125 seats)
Frank Miller Liberal:
David Peterson (1985)
New Democrat:
Bob Rae
Hugh Edighoffer
June 26, 1985
July 31, 1987
Liberal minority
(48 of 125 seats)[A]
David Peterson Progressive Conservative:
Frank Miller (1985)
Larry Grossman (1985–1987)
Oleg87.png 34th Parliament
2 sessions
34th general Sep. 10, 1987
July 30, 1990
Liberal
(95 of 130 seats)
David Peterson New Democrat:
Bob Rae
Progressive Conservative:
Andy Brandt (1987–1990)
Mike Harris (1990)
Hugh Edighoffer
Oleg90.PNG 35th Parliament
3 sessions
35th general Sep. 6, 1990
April 28, 1995
New Democrat
(74 of 130 seats)
Bob Rae Liberal:
Robert Nixon (1990–1991)
Murray Elston (1991)
Jim Bradley (1991–1992)
Lyn McLeod (1992–1995)
Progressive Conservative:
Mike Harris
David Warner
Oleg95.PNG 36th Parliament
3 sessions
36th general Sep. 26, 1995
May 5, 1999
Progressive Conservative
(82 of 130 seats)
Mike Harris Liberal:
Lyn McLeod (1995–1996)
Dalton McGuinty (1996–1999)
New Democrat:
Bob Rae (1995–1996)
Howard Hampton (1996–1999)
Al McLean (1995–1996)
Edward Doyle (1996)
Chris Stockwell (1996–1999)
Ontl1999.PNG 37th Parliament
4 sessions
37th general Oct. 20, 1999
...
Progressive Conservative
(59 of 103 seats)
Mike Harris Liberal:
Dalton McGuinty
New Democrat:
Howard Hampton
Gary Carr
April 15, 2002
June 26, 2003
Ernie Eves
Ontl2003.PNG 38th Parliament
2 sessions
38th general Nov. 19, 2003
September 10, 2007
Liberal
(72 of 103 seats)
Dalton McGuinty Progressive Conservative:
Ernie Eves (2003–2004)
John Tory
(2004–2007)
New Democrat:
Howard Hampton
Alvin Curling (2003–2005)
Michael A. Brown (2005–2008)
39th OntLA.png 39th Parliament
2 sessions
39th general November 29, 2007
September 7, 2011
Liberal
(71 of 107 seats)
Dalton McGuinty Progressive Conservative:
Bob Runciman
(2007–2009)

Tim Hudak
(2009–Present)
New Democrat:
Howard Hampton
(2007–2009)

Andrea Horwath
(2009–Present)
Steve Peters
Ontl2011.PNG 40th Parliament
2 sessions
40th general November 22, 2011
February 11, 2013
Liberal minority
(53 of 107 seats)
Dalton McGuinty Progressive Conservative:
Tim Hudak
New Democrat:
Andrea Horwath
Dave Levac
February 11, 2013
present
Kathleen Wynne
A Although they had fewer seats than the Conservatives, the Liberals formed a minority government with the support of the NDP.
  1. ^ From the day that the writs were returned to the day that the legislature was dissolved.

Source[edit]