Ontario Northland Transportation Commission
|Headquarters||North Bay, Ontario, Canada|
|Owner(s)||Government of Ontario|
ONTC operates the following public services in Northern Ontario:
- Ontario Northland Railway, offering freight and passenger rail transport
- Ontario Northland Motor Coach Services, offering inter-city bus and parcel transport
- Ontera, a telecommunications company
ONTC traces its history to 1902 with the passage of the Temiskaming and Northern Ontario Railway Act, which received Royal Assent on March 17. The Temiskaming and Northern Ontario Railway Commission (TNORC) would oversee the construction and operation of the Temiskaming and Northern Ontario Railway (T&NO). The sod was turned less than two months later by Ontario's Commissioner of Public Works, the Honourable Francis Robert Latchford, at Trout Lake on the outskirts of North Bay; North Bay also being the site of the "first spike" driven in construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) 20 years previous.
Building the 253 mile T&NO main line from North Bay to Cochrane was instrumental in opening this region of the province for development and settlement, with its construction being cited as the reason for the discovery of a massive silver deposit at Cobalt, as well as gold at Porcupine and Kirkland Lake.
In subsequent years, the TONRC authorized extending the railway first into western Quebec's gold and copper fields at Rouyn-Noranda and, following World War I, in 1921, the TONRC began extending the T&NO northward from Cochrane to the shores of James Bay at Moosonee, where the T&NO "Last Spike" was driven by the Honourable Justice Francis Robert Latchford in 1932. The Commission also worked closely with sister provincial Crown agency, the Ontario Hydro-Electric Commission, in developing hydroelectric generating stations on rivers in the region, such as at Island Falls and Fraserdale.
In 1937, the Temiskaming and Northern Ontario Railway Act was amended, enabling the TNORC to operate buses, trucks, and aircraft in order to transport passengers and freight. By 1938 the Commission had acquired 11 buses. In 1945, the Commission acquired the Temagami and the Nipissing Navigation Companies.
The railway changed its name in 1946 to the present Ontario Northland Railway and the associated commission changed its name to reflect this. The use of the word "transportation" instead of "railway" in the commission's new name reflected an expanded mandate for the organization.
The railway is still operated today by the commission, which also operates other transport modes, including bus motor coach services along the Toronto-North Bay-Timmins-Hearst and Toronto-Sudbury-Timmins highway corridors, and a telephone and telecommunications company (Ontera). It formerly operated a regional airline named NorOntair.
On March 23, 2012, the Ontario Government announced that it would begin to wind down the ONTC, citing increased costs to the government and stagnant ridership. Passenger train service between Toronto and Cochrane (the Northlander) was terminated and replaced with additional bus service, and all assets of the corporation were to be sold off.
Northern Ontario municipal leaders had continued to express their fears regarding the divestment. They ndicated that the ONR provides a fundamental link to many remote and rural communities and provides freight transport to many companies, including mining and forestry, allowing them to thrive. They indicate that the government maintained its funding to the Go Transit network in Southern Ontario and it is important not forget about the important service the ONR provides to Northern Ontario residents. February of 2014, the new premier of Ontario Kathleen Wynne met with northern community leaders and the head of the company and union to discuss the future of the company. They decided the union and management would present a reconstruction plan to the government for consideration.
In late February, 2014 a report to restructure the ONTC was delivered to the Minister of Northern Development and Mines. The proposal detailed how the organization could be modernized both culturally and in job reductions through attrition. The report was well received by the minister who appreciated how management and labour come together to explore options for the corporation.
In April of 2014 the provincial government concluded the company would remain in public hands. However, Ontera (it's telecommunication division) would be sold off to Bell Aliant. The government would reinvest in the company to purchase new coaches and refurbish rolling stock for the Polar Bear Express. This decision was supported by other members of Provincial Parliament after the auditor general's review cited that it would have cost the taxpayer $820 million instead of saving $265.9 million over three years had the divestment proceded. 
- Ontario Northland Transportation Commission - Overview
- ONTC. "1902-2002: Ontario Northland Transportation Commission Annual Report". Retrieved 2008-09-13.[dead link]
- Ministry of Northern Development and Mines press release, March 23, 2012
- Message from ONTC Chair Ted Hargreaves, March 23, 2012
- Maria Babbage (2012-06-23). "McGuinty promises to keep buses running after Ontario Northland selloff". Retrieved 2013-02-15.
- "Kathleen Wynne encourages ONTC, union to work on business plan". CBC. 2014-02-06. Retrieved 2014-05-07.
- "Ontario Northland restructuring plan in minister's hands". Northern Ontario Business. 2014-02-28. Retrieved 2014-03-07.
- Ross, Ian. "Ontario Government will keep Ontario Northland". Northern Ontario Business. Retrieved 2014-04-05.
- Wilson, PJ. "ONTC divisions to remain public". The Nugget. Retrieved 2014-04-05.