Ontario general election, 1943

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Ontario general election, 1943
Ontario
1937 ←
August 4, 1943 → 1945

90 seats in the 21st Legislative Assembly of Ontario
46 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  GeorgeDrew.jpg Ted jolliffe 1942.jpg Harry Nixon MLA.jpg
Leader George Drew Ted Jolliffe Harry Nixon
Party Progressive Conservative Co-operative Commonwealth Liberal
Leader since December 9, 1938 April 3, 1942 April 30, 1943
Leader's seat High Park York South Brant
Last election 23 0 63
Seats won 38 34 15
Seat change +15 +34 -48
Percentage 35.7% 31.7% 31.2%
Swing -4.3pp +26.1pp -20.4pp

Premier before election

Harry Nixon
Liberal

Elected Premier

George Drew
Progressive Conservative

The Ontario general election of 1943 was held on August 4, 1943, to elect the 90 Members of the 21st Legislative Assembly of Ontario (Members of Provincial Parliament, or "MPPs") of the Province of Ontario, Canada.

The Ontario Progressive Conservative Party, led by George Drew, defeated the Ontario Liberal Party government. The Liberal government had disintegrated over the previous two years because of a conflict between Mitchell Hepburn, the Ontario caucus and the federal Liberal Party of Canada.

Hepburn resigned and was eventually succeeded by Harry Nixon in early 1943. The change in leadership was not enough to save the government. The election held later that year resulted in the Conservative Party, recently renamed the "Progressive Conservative Party", winning a minority government. This began forty-two uninterrupted years of government by the Tories who combined moderate progressive policies with pragmatism and caution.

The Liberals fell to third place behind a new force, the socialist Ontario Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF), led by Ted Jolliffe, went from obscurity to form the Official Opposition, winning 32% of the vote and 34 seats in the legislature, just four short of Drew's Tories. The Liberals and their Liberal-Progressive allies fell from 66 seats to a mere 15.

Two members of the banned Communist Party of Ontario running as "Labour" candidates won seats in the Legislature for the first time in this election: A.A. MacLeod in the Toronto riding of Bellwoods, and J.B. Salsberg in the Toronto riding of St. Andrews. Several days following the election the Labor-Progressive Party was officially formed and Salsberg and MacLeod agreed to sit in the legislature as the party's representatives.

Results[edit]

  Party Leader 1937 Elected % change Popular vote
 % change
     Progressive Conservative 1 George Drew 23 38 +65.2% 35.7% -4.3%
     Co-operative Commonwealth Ted Jolliffe 0 34   31.7% +26.1%
     Liberal 2 Harry Nixon 63 15 -76.2% 31.2% -20.4%
     Labor-Progressive Party2   - 2      
     Liberal Independent   1 1 -    
United Farmers3   1 * -    
     Liberal-Progressive4   2 * -    
Total 90 90 - 100%  

Note:

1 The Conservative Party renamed itself the "Progressive Conservative Party" in 1943.

2Salsberg and MacLeod, members of the banned Communist Party, ran and were elected as "Labour" candidates. The Labor-Progressive Party was formally founded several days after the election and Salsberg and Macleod agreed to sit in the legislature as LPP representatives.

3In 1940, United Farmers of Ontario MLA Farquhar Oliver formally joined the Liberal Party when he entered Hepburn's Cabinet after having supported the Hepburn government from outside the Liberal caucus for several years. Oliver was re-elected as a Liberal in the 1943 election.

4 The Liberal-Progressive MLAs supported the Liberal government of Mitchell Hepburn since it took office in 1934. Liberal-Progressive leader Harry Nixon formally joined the Liberal Party in 1937 and was elected its leader in 1943. Two remaining Liberal-Progressives were elected in 1937, Liberal-Progressive MLA Roland Patterson was re-elected as a Liberal in 1943 while the other Liberal-Progressive, Douglas Campbell of Kent East left the legislature.

See also[edit]