Opéra (Paris Métro)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Opéra
Paris Métro
Paris Métro station
Metro Paris - Ligne 3 - station Opera 05.jpg
Location Pl. de l'Opéra (two)
6, rue Scribe
43, av. de l'Opéra
2nd arrondissement of Paris
Île-de-France
France
Coordinates 48°52′14″N 2°19′56″E / 48.870636°N 2.3323526°E / 48.870636; 2.3323526Coordinates: 48°52′14″N 2°19′56″E / 48.870636°N 2.3323526°E / 48.870636; 2.3323526
Owned by RATP
Operated by RATP
Other information
Fare zone 1
History
Opened 19 October 1904 (1904-10-19)
Services
Preceding station   Paris Métro   Following station
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 3
toward Gallieni
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 7
toward Balard
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 8
Connections to other stations
Preceding station   Paris Métro   Following station
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 9
Transfer at: Havre - Caumartin
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 12
Transfer at: Saint-Lazare
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 13
Transfer at: Saint-Lazare
Terminus Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 14
Transfer at: Saint-Lazare
toward Olympiades
RER
RER RER A
Transfer at: Auber
Terminus RER RER E
Location
Opéra is located in Paris
Opéra
Opéra
Location within Paris

Opéra is a station of the Paris Métro, named after the nearby Opera Garnier, built by the architect Charles Garnier. It is located at the end of the Avenue de l'Opera, one of the accesses being opposite the Opera, and serves the district of the Boulevard Haussmann. Three Métro lines (3, 7 and 8) cross each other at one point, known as a "well".

The station offers a connection to the following stations:

The station is famous for its strong odors of sewers. When it was being built, there were concerns that one of Hector Guimard's characteristic iron metro entrances would spoil the view of the opera house, so a marble entrance was built instead.

History[edit]

Construction under scaffolding in the Place de l'Opéra. The roof of line 3 leading to the Rue Auber is visible.

The line 3 platforms opened on 19 October 1904 as part of the first section of the line opened between Père Lachaise and Villiers. A twenty metre high masonry well was built to avoid the need for heavy underpinning work when lines 7 and 8 were planned to be built. This work was affected by groundwater, which required the support of three concrete pillars, made by sinking caissons with workers digging out the mud with compressed air. The work lasted eleven months, from March 1903 to February 1904.[1] The line 7 platforms opened on 5 November 1910 as part of the first section of the line opened between Opéra and Porte de la Villette. The line 8 platforms opened on 13 July 1913 as part of the first section of the line opened between Opéra and Beaugrenelle (now Charles Michels station on line 10).

Station layout[edit]

Street level Accesses
B1 Mezzanine for platform connection
Line 3 platforms
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Westbound Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 3 toward Pont de Levallois – Bécon (Havre – Caumartin)
Eastbound Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 3 toward Gallieni (Quatre-Septembre)
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Line 7 platforms
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Southbound Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 7 toward Villejuif – Louis Aragon or Mairie d'Ivry (Pyramides)
Northbound Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 7 toward La Courneuve – 8 Mai 1945 (Chaussée d'Antin – La Fayette)
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Line 8 platforms
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Westbound Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 8 toward Balard (Madeleine)
Eastbound Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 8 toward Pointe du Lac (Richelieu – Drouot)
Side platform, doors will open on the right

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Robert, Jean (1983). Notre métro ("Our metro") (in French). p. 54.