OpenStax College

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OpenStax College is an initiative of Connexions at Rice University. Since 2012 OpenStax has created peer-reviewed open textbooks, which are available in both printed and digital formats. In December 2012 "College Physics" became the first OpenStax textbook to be released in iBook format.[1]

Aiming to compete with major publishers' offerings,[2][3] the project was initially funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, the 20 Million Minds Foundation, and the Maxfield Foundation.[2][4][5] All textbook content is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Licenses and the textbooks can be modified to suit different purposes by users. Specifically, the books use Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) License, which only requires attribution. OpenStax aims to release a total of 25 textbooks and as April 2013 the following books had been released or were forthcoming:

  • College Physics (released June 2012)
  • Introduction to Sociology (released June 2012)
  • Biology (released April 2013)
  • Concepts of Biology (released April 2013)
  • Anatomy and Physiology (released June 2013)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Tilsley, Alexandra. "Free, Unless You Want to Pay". Inside Higher Ed. Retrieved 25 April 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Smith, Mitch. "Why Pay for Intro Textbooks?". Inside Higher Ed. Retrieved 24 April 2013. 
  3. ^ Coldewey, Devin. "Rice University And OpenStax Announce First Open-Source Textbooks". TechCrunch. Retrieved 24 April 2013. 
  4. ^ Robe, Johnathan. "Free College Textbooks: Wave of the Future?". Forbes. Retrieved 24 April 2013. 
  5. ^ Guttenplan, D.D. "Big Savings for U.S. Students in Open-Source Book Program". New York Times. Retrieved 24 April 2013. 

External links[edit]