Open Bible Standard Churches
The Open Bible Standard Churches (OBSC) or Open Bible Churches is an association of Pentecostal churches with headquarters in Des Moines, Iowa, United States. Open Bible Churches is affiliated with New Hope Christian College, an accredited Bible college in Eugene, Oregon. Open Bible publishes the Message of the Open Bible.
Open Bible is similar in doctrine and practice to the Assemblies of God. Open Bible adherents believe in the modern-day gifts of the Holy Spirit, with speaking in tongues as one of the evidences of the gifts being manifested in the believer. Generally, each congregation owns its own property and calls its own pastor. The organization is affiliated with the National Association of Evangelicals, the Pentecostal/Charismatic Churches of North America, and the Pentecostal World Conference.
There are more than 150,000 Open Bible members worldwide. In 2006, U.S. membership was 40,000 in 330 churches.
The OBSC's origins are found in two smaller Pentecostal groups which can be traced to the Azusa Street Revival: the Bible Standard Conference founded in Eugene, Oregon in 1919 and the Open Bible Evangelistic Association founded in Des Moines, Iowa in 1932; as both were similar in doctrine and structure, the two groups amalgamated in 1935.
The Bible Standard Conference was formed in 1919 after Fred Hornshuh and several other ministers withdrew from the Apostolic Faith Mission (AFM) led by Florence L. Crawford. Hornshuh disagreed with the AFM's isolationist stance from other full gospel groups, centralized and authoritarian leadership style, and its strict position on divorce and remarriage. The Open Bible Evangelistic Association began in 1932 when thirty-two ministers led by John R. Richey left the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel. The separation grew out of the reluctance of these ministers to give ownership of local church property to the Foursquare Church denominational leadership. They were also concerned over the church's divorced leader Aimee Semple McPherson's remarriage.
The two Pentecostal groups were similar in their resistance to authoritarian leadership and denominational ownership of church property, and they also thought that local churches should maintain some autonomy. Both Hornshuh and Richey were also influenced by John Alexander Dowie.
Since 1996, the association's public name has been simply Open Bible Churches.
- "2008 Yearbook of American & Canadian Churches". The National Council of Churches. Retrieved 2009-12-16.
- Open Bible Churches. "About Open Bible". Retrieved 2011-12-28.
- Patterson, Eric; Rybarczyk, Edmund (editors) (2007). The Future of Pentecostalism in the United States. New York: Lexington Books. pp. 157–158, 171. ISBN 978-0-7391-2102-3.
- Patterson, Eric; Rybarczyk, Edmund (editors) (2007). The Future of Pentecostalism in the United States. New York: Lexington Books. p. 158. ISBN 978-0-7391-2102-3.
- Patterson, Eric; Rybarczyk, Edmund (editors) (2007). The Future of Pentecostalism in the United States. New York: Lexington Books. pp. 171–172. ISBN 978-0-7391-2102-3.
- Mitchell, R. Bryant. Heritage and Harvests. – The history of Open Bible's involvement in international missions.
- On the Wings of a Dove: An African Missionary Saga. 2006. – The memoirs of Grant H. Moore and Wilma M. Moore, Open Bible missionaries to Guinea, West Africa, beginning in 1952.