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An open prison (open jail) is an informal description applied to any penal establishment in which the prisoners are trusted to serve their sentences with minimal supervision and perimeter security and so do not need to be locked up in prison cells. Prisoners may be permitted to take up employment in the community, returning to the prison.
In the UK, open prisons are often part of a rehabilitation plan for prisoners moved from closed prisons. They may be designated "training prisons" and are only for prisoners considered a low risk to the public.
The idea of an open prison is often criticised by members of the public and politicians[who?] as being too liberal. However, prisoners do not have complete freedom and are allowed to leave the premises only for specific purposes, such as going to an outside job.
Notable open prisons
- HM Prison Prescoed, Monmouthshire, South Wales
- HM Prison Ford, Ford, West Sussex, England
- Yerwada Open Jail, in Yerwada, Pune, in Maharashtra.
- HM Prison Castle Huntly, Dundee, Scotland.
In popular culture
Offener Vollzug in Germany
In Germany the "Offener Vollzug" is part of the rehabilitation and does affect about 16% of the prisoners. 
- UK Government: Types of prison and security categories
- Erwin James, "Why life in an open prison is no holiday camp", The Guardian, 13 January 2011. Retrieved 16 August 2012
- 50 years of a Shantaram classic The Times of India, 28 Sep 2006.
- Justizvollzug: Strafgefangene nach Geschlecht, Alter und Art des Vollzugs, voraussichtliche Vollzugsdauer from the Federal Statistical Office of Germany
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