Open-source cola is any cola soft drink produced according to a published recipe. Unlike the famously secretive Coca-Cola formula, these recipes are openly published and their re-use is encouraged. The texts of OpenCola and Cube-Cola recipes are published under the GNU General Public License (GPL).
Like many soft drinks, the colas are produced as a flavour concentrate or syrup that is then mixed with bulk ingredients to produce the drink. The complicated, expensive and difficult to obtain flavourings are in the syrup. Completed flavour concentrates are sold by some of the open cola producers.
The bulk ingredients include those such as sweeteners (sugar or artificial), caffeine and the source of acidity, phosphoric or citric acid. As these are added later, after the complicated flavour blending stage, it is easy to tailor the sugar or caffeine levels per batch to a market's particular taste.
Coca-Cola's own flavouring syrup is known in-house as "Merchandise 7X". Variations on this name are often referred to in the open recipes.
- (in approximate order of decreasing volume)
These are based on the "Pemberton formula."[note 1] Although claimed as the Coca-Cola recipe, this has been denied by the Coca-Cola corporation. This recipe is also similar to the Merory and Beal recipes.[note 1] One ingredient that is missing from these recipes is the eponymous kola nut, although this did appear in Reed's recipe.[note 1]
The use of lavender oil is considered something of a personal taste. Neroli is frequently omitted altogether, owing to its high cost and relatively small contribution to the overall flavour. Neroli alone may represent a third of the concentrate ingredients cost.
As well as the basic list of flavouring ingredients, there are other ingredients such as gum arabic and a considerable degree of "art" in its manufacture. The precise quality and sourcing of ingredients makes an appreciable difference, particularly in the process of emulsifying the concentrate. Small quantities of alcohol may be used to facilitate this process; as an open recipe, this is under the control of the manufacturer who may avoid such ingredients if halal or similar rules would require it.
- OpenCola, produced as a promotion by the Opencola software company.
- Cube-Cola, an open cola produced by the Cube Microplex cinema in Bristol
- HK Cola soft drink, a cola produced in Hong Kong
- Colas based on the Cube-Cola recipe, or on their concentrates, have been sold as far afield as New Delhi and Dublin.
A well-known cola often confused with open-sourced colas is Ubuntu Cola. Despite its name, which leads to confusion with the open-sourced Ubuntu operating system distro, Ubuntu Cola is not an open source cola (though it is a fair trade cola).
- See Coca-Cola formula for a discussion of all four of these "original" recipes.
- "OpenCola.com - Soft Drink Formula". 2001. Archived from the original on 2001-02-18. Retrieved 2008-12-28.
- Amanda Foubister (2001). "OpenCola Soft Drink Recipe" (PDF). OpenCola.com. Retrieved 2008-12-28.
- "Cube-Cola: Standing on the hands of giants.". Cube-Cola.
- "Cube-Cola Recipe". Cube-Cola. 6 April 2012.
- "Cola Concentrates". Cube-Cola. 2012.
- Pendergrast, Mark (2000) . For God, Country and Coca-Cola. Orion. ISBN 1842030426.
- James Flint (28 July 2006). "The real thing. Or is it?". The Guardian.
- Catherine Meyers (6 May 2011). "How Natural Is Your Cola?". Science NOW.
- "Ingredients cost". Cube-Cola.