Spanish DVD cover
|Directed by||Gillo Pontecorvo|
|Produced by||Franco Cristaldi
|Written by||Giorgio Arlorio
|Starring||Gian Maria Volonté
|Music by||Ennio Morricone|
|Edited by||Mario Morra|
|Release date(s)|| September 28, 1979
April 5, 1980
|Running time||100 minutes|
The film is based on true events, following the eponymous book by Julen Agirre (pseudonym of Eva Forest).
The film won the David di Donatello (an annual Italian motion picture award) for Best Film.
All the actors, a mix of Spaniards and Italians, spoke Spanish in the dubbed version released in Spain, and in Italian in the dubbed Italian version.
|This article needs a plot summary. Please add one. (April 2012)|
- Gian Maria Volonté: Izarra
- José Sacristán: Iker
- Ángela Molina: Amaiur
- Eusebio Poncela: Txabi
- Saverio Marconi: Luque
- Georges Staquet: The builder
- Nicole Garcia: Karmele
- Féodor Atkine: José María Uriarte (alias Yoseba)
- Estanis González
- Agapito Romo: Luis Carrero Blanco
- José Manuel Cervino: The milkman
- Ana Torrent: Basque girl
Operación Ogro ("Operation Ogre") was the name given by ETA to the assassination of Luis Carrero Blanco, the then Prime Minister of Spain in 1973 and the successor of Francisco Franco, the then Spanish dictator. This attack was carried out on 20 December 1973.
An ETA commando group using the code name Txikia (after the nom de guerre of ETA activist Eustakio Mendizabal killed by the Guardia Civil in April 1973) rented a basement flat at Calle Claudio Coello 104, Madrid on the route over which Carrero Blanco used to go to Mass at San Francisco de Borja church.
Over five months, this group dug a tunnel under the street - telling the landlord that they were student sculptors to disguise their real purpose. The tunnel was packed with 80 kg of explosives that had been stolen from a Government depot.
On 20 December 1973, a 3-man ETA commando group disguised as electricians detonated the explosives by command wire as Carrero Blanco's Dodge Dart passed. The explosion sent Carrero Blanco and his car 20 metres into the air and over a five-storey building. The car crashed down to the ground on the opposite side of a Jesuit college, landing on the second-floor balcony. Carrero Blanco survived the blast but died shortly afterwards. His bodyguard and driver were killed instantly. The "electricians" shouted to stunned passers-by that there had been a gas explosion, and subsequently escaped in the confusion.
José María Uriarte:
|“||Today, I'm not talking about the kingdom of God, but of a country that is this land. A country that doesn't exist, but nevertheless is ours. A country oppressed for centuries, and now crushed by the brutality of fascism. Now they ban us even from the right to pronounce our name in our native tongue: Euskadi. Country of the Basques. A word as sweet as any. Mother, land, soul. Does this mean that Euskadi is dead? Finished? No, it's not true. There are many who haven't given up fighting oppression and today still fight on in the shadows. I shall meet them tomorrow. I shouldn't tell anyone, but I trust you all. Not only because I know each and every on of you, but because, above all, you are Basques. I've tried for a long time to think only of God, but they keep on torturing and killing, and I cannot live the quiet life of a priest. So I must bid you farewell. Tomorrow I will have neither this class nor this cassock. I've asked God to forgive me. I ask you to pray for us. For this land, for freedom.||”|
- Obituary, The Guardian.