|Part of the First Indochina War|
A French Foreign Legion unit patrols in a Vietminh controlled area.
| French Union
Operation Adolphe (also referred to as Adolph) a military operation by the French Army that took place during the First Indochina War, commencing in April 1953. It was the last of several operations that spring, concluding before the monsoon season made campaigning difficult until the commencement of Operation Camargue in July.
- New Statesman: the week-end review. 1953-01-01.
- Hammer, Ellen Joy (1954). The struggle for Indochina. Stanford University Press.
- Buttinger, Joseph (1972). A dragon defiant: a short history of Vietnam. Praeger.
- Fall, Bernard B. (1967). Hell in a very small place: the siege of Dien Bien Phu. Lippincott.
- Kedward, Rod (2006). La vie en bleu: France and the French since 1900. Penguin. ISBN 978-0-14-013095-9.
- Roy, Jules (1963). The battle of Dienbienphu. Pyramid Books.
- Windrow, Martin (2005-12-26). The Last Valley: Dien Bien Phu and the French Defeat in Vietnam. Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-306-81443-3.
- Fall, Bernard B. (1994). Street without joy. Stackpole Books. ISBN 978-0-8117-1700-7.
- Devillers, Philippe; Lacouture, Jean (1969). End of a war; Indochina, 1954. Praeger.
- Fall, Bernard B. (1963). The two Viet-Nams: a political and military analysis. Praeger.