Operation Aqueduct

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Aqueduct
Information
Country United States
Test site NTS Area 12, Rainier Mesa; NTS Area 19, 20, Pahute Mesa; NTS, Areas 1-4, 6-10, Yucca Flat
Period 1989-1990
Number of tests 10
Test type underground shaft, underground tunnel
Max. yield 150 kilotonnes of TNT (630 TJ)
Navigation
Previous test series Operation Cornerstone
Next test series Operation Sculpin

The United States's Aqueduct nuclear test series[1] was a group of 10 nuclear tests conducted in 1989-1990. These tests [note 1] followed the Operation Cornerstone series and preceeded the Operation Sculpin series.

United States' Aqueduct series tests and detonations
Name [note 2] Date time (UT) Local time zone [note 3][2] Location [note 4] Elevation + height [note 5] Delivery [note 6]
Purpose [note 7]
Device [note 8] Yield [note 9] Fallout [note 10] References Notes
Hornitos 31 October 1989 15:30:00.085 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U20bc 37°15′47″N 116°29′30″W / 37.26305°N 116.49161°W / 37.26305; -116.49161 (Hornitos) 1,846 m (6,056 ft) - 562.94 m (1,846.9 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
150 kt [3][4][1]
Muleshoe 15 November 1989 20:20:00.119 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U7bk 37°06′23″N 116°00′51″W / 37.10647°N 116.01425°W / 37.10647; -116.01425 (Muleshoe) 1,311 m (4,301 ft) - 244.45 m (802.0 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
less than 20 kt [3][4][1]
Whiteface - 1 20 December 1989 22:00:00.06 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U3lp 37°01′33″N 116°01′55″W / 37.02584°N 116.03197°W / 37.02584; -116.03197 (Whiteface - 1) 1,216 m (3,990 ft) - 196.9 m (646 ft) underground shaft,
safety experiment
less than 20 kt [3][4][1] Simultaneous, same hole.
Whiteface - 2 20 December 1989 22:00:00.06 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U3lp 37°01′33″N 116°01′55″W / 37.02584°N 116.03197°W / 37.02584; -116.03197 (Whiteface - 2) 1,216 m (3,990 ft) + underground shaft,
safety experiment
less than 20 kt [3][4][1] Simultaneous, same hole.
Metropolis 10 March 1990 15:00:00.083 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U2gh 37°06′45″N 116°03′22″W / 37.11246°N 116.05605°W / 37.11246; -116.05605 (Metropolis) 1,246 m (4,088 ft) - 469.4 m (1,540 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
44 kt Venting detected, 6 Ci (220 GBq) [5][6][3][4][1]
Bowie 6 April 1990 17:00:00.047 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U3mk 37°04′04″N 115°59′34″W / 37.06765°N 115.99288°W / 37.06765; -115.99288 (Bowie) 1,271 m (4,170 ft) - 213.4 m (700 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
100 t [7][3][4][1]
Bullion 13 June 1990 16:00:00.079 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U20bd 37°15′42″N 116°25′16″W / 37.26155°N 116.42101°W / 37.26155; -116.42101 (Bullion) 1,950 m (6,400 ft) - 673.9 m (2,211 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
150 kt [3][4][1]
Justin 21 June 1990 18:15:00.0 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U6e 36°59′34″N 116°00′19″W / 36.99279°N 116.00536°W / 36.99279; -116.00536 (Justin) 1,174 m (3,852 ft) - 350.5 m (1,150 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
2 kt [3][4][1]
Mineral Quarry - 2 (with Randsburg) 25 July 1990 15:00:00.06 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U12n.22 37°12′25″N 116°12′55″W / 37.20682°N 116.21514°W / 37.20682; -116.21514 (Mineral Quarry - 2) 2,216 m (7,270 ft) - 389.5 m (1,278 ft) underground tunnel,
weapon effect
10 kt Venting detected, 0.5 Ci (19 GBq) [6][3][4][1] Simultaneous, same drifts.
Randsburg - 1 (with Mineral Quarry) 25 July 1990 15:00:00.0 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U12n.22a 37°12′25″N 116°12′55″W / 37.20682°N 116.21514°W / 37.20682; -116.21514 (Randsburg - 1) 2,216 m (7,270 ft) + underground tunnel,
weapons development
less than 20 kt [3][4][1] Simultaneous, same drifts.
Sundown - 1 20 September 1990 16:15:00.0 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U1d 37°02′18″N 116°03′27″W / 37.0382°N 116.05756°W / 37.0382; -116.05756 (Sundown - 1) 1,206 m (3,957 ft) - 270.4 m (887 ft) underground shaft,
safety experiment
less than 20 kt [3][4][1] Simultaneous, same drifts.
Sundown - 2 20 September 1990 16:15:00.0 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U1d 37°02′18″N 116°03′27″W / 37.0382°N 116.05756°W / 37.0382; -116.05756 (Sundown - 2) 1,206 m (3,957 ft) + underground shaft,
safety experiment
less than 20 kt [3][4][1] Simultaneous, same drifts.
Ledoux 27 September 1990 18:02:46.0 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U1a.01 37°00′25″N 116°03′32″W / 37.00695°N 116.05899°W / 37.00695; -116.05899 (Ledoux) 1,191 m (3,907 ft) - 291 m (955 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
less than 20 kt [3][4][1] Experimentally pumping a laser from a nuclear device.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Yang, Xiaoping; North, Robert; Romney, Carl (August 2000), CMR Nuclear Explosion Database (Revision 3), SMDC Monitoring Research 
  2. ^ "Timezone Historical Database". iana.com. Retrieved 2014 March 08. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Official list of underground nuclear explosions, Sandia National Laboratories, 1994-07-01, retrieved 2013-12-18 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m United States Nuclear Tests: July 1945 through September 1992 (DOE/NV-209 REV15), Las Vegas, NV: Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office, 2000-12-01, retrieved 2013-12-18 
  5. ^ Hechanova, Anthony E.; O'Donnell, James E. (1998-09-25), Estimates of yield for nuclear tests impacting the groundwater at the Nevada Test Site, Nuclear Science and Technology Division 
  6. ^ a b Radiological Effluents Released from U.S. Continental Tests 1961 Through 1992 (DOE/NV-317 Rev. 1), DOE Nevada Operations Office, retrieved 2013-10-31 
  7. ^ Norris, Robert Standish; Cochran, Thomas B. (1 February 1994), "United States nuclear tests, July 1945 to 31 December 1992 (NWD 94-1)", Nuclear Weapons Databook Working Paper (Washington, DC: Natural Resources Defense Council), retrieved 2013-10-26