Operation Diadem order of battle
Operation Diadem order of battle is a listing of the significant formations that were involved in the fighting on the Winter Line and at the Anzio bridgehead south of Rome during Operation Diadem in May - June 1944 which resulted in the Allied breakthrough at Cassino and the breakout at Anzio leading to the capture of Rome.
- 1 Allied Armies in Italy
- 1.1 U.S. Fifth Army
- 1.2 British 8th Army (on the Winter Line)
- 1.3 British V Corps (On the Adriatic front in a holding role directly under A.A.I.)
- 2 German Army Group C
- 2.1 Army Group Reserve
- 2.2 German Fourteenth Army (at Anzio)
- 2.3 German Tenth Army (on the Winter Line)
- 2.4 Armeegruppe von Zangen (in northern Italy)
- 3 References
- 4 Sources
- Lieutenant-General Mark Wayne Clark
- Major-General Lucian K. Truscott
- U.S. 3rd Infantry Division (Brigadier General John W. O'Daniel) until 25 May 1944
- British 1st Infantry Division (Major-General John Hawkesworth)
- U.S. 45th Infantry Division (Major General William W. Eagles)
- U.S. 1st Armored Division (Major General Ernest N. Harmon)
- U.S. 34th Infantry Division (Major General Charles W. Ryder)
- U.S. 36th Infantry Division (Major General Fred Walker) (from 18 May 1944)
- British 5th Infantry Division (Major-General Philip G.S. Gregson-Ellis)
- First Special Service Force (3 regiments of two battalions each) (Brigadier General Robert T. Frederick)
U.S. II Corps (on the Winter Line)
- Major-General Geoffrey Keyes
French Expeditionary Corps (on the Winter Line)
- General Alphonse Juin
- 3rd Algerian Infantry Division (Major-General Joseph de Goiselard de Monsabert)
- 4th Moroccan Mountain Division (Major-General François Sevez )
- 2nd Moroccan Infantry Division (Major-General André W. Dody)
- 1st Motorised Infantry Division (1st Free French Division) (Major-General Diego Brosset)
- Command of Moroccan Goumiers (Three Groups of Tabors each comprising three tabors of 500 to 800 men) (Brigadier-General Augustin Guillaume)
- Corps Troops
- 7th and 8th Regiments Chasseurs d'Afrique. (M10 tank destroyers)
- Levant Artillery Regiment
- 64th African Artillery Regiment
- Marine Artillery group (two batteries)
British 8th Army (on the Winter Line)
- Lieutenant-General Sir Oliver Leese
- Lieutenant-General Sidney Kirkman
- Lieutenant-General E. L. M. Burns
- Lieutenant-General Władysław Anders
- Lieutenant-General Sir Richard McCreery
- New Zealand 2nd Division (Lieutenant-General Sir Bernard Freyberg)
- British 24th Guards Brigade (Brigadier A.F.L. Clive)
- British 2nd Parachute Brigade (Brigadier C.H.V. Pritchard)
- 12th South African Motorised Brigade (Brigadier R.J. Palmer)
- Italian Corps of Liberation (Six battalions and a regiment of artillery) (General Umberto Utili)
British V Corps (On the Adriatic front in a holding role directly under A.A.I.)
- Lieutenant-General Charles Allfrey
Army Group Reserve
- German 92nd Infantry Division (Major-General Werner Goeritz) (Tiber Coastal Command)
- Hermann Göring Panzer Division (Brigadier-General Wilhelm Schmalz) (in OKW Reserve)
- German 29th Panzergrenadier Division (Lieutenant-General Walter Fries)
- German 26th Panzer Division (Lieutenant-General Smilo Freiherr von Lüttwitz)
- German 90th Panzergrenadier Division (Major-General Ernst-Günther Baade)
German Fourteenth Army (at Anzio)
- Commander: Lieutenant-General Eberhard von Mackensen (until end May 1944, then under direct command of Kesselring)
- Lieutenant-General Alfred Schlemm
- Lieutenant-General Traugott Herr
German Tenth Army (on the Winter Line)
- Commander: General Heinrich von Vietinghoff
XIV Panzer Corps
- Lieutenant-General Frido von Senger und Etterlin (on leave 17 April to 17 May during which time Lieutenant-General Otto Hartmann)
LI Mountain Corps
- Lieutenant-General Valentin Feurstein
- German 44th Reichsgrenadier Division Hoch und Deutschmeister (Major-General Bruno Ortner)
- German 1st Parachute Division (Lieutenant-General Richard Heidrich)
- German 114th Jäger Division (Major-General Alexander Bourquin to 19 May 1944 then Major-General Hans Boelsen)
- German 5th Mountain Division (Major-General Max-Günther Schrank)
Korpsgruppe Hauck (on Adriatic front in holding role)
- Major-General Friedrich-Wilhelm Hauck
Armeegruppe von Zangen (in northern Italy)
- Commander: Lieutenant-General Gustav von Zangen
- Lieutenant-General Anton Dostler
Corps Witthöft (Eastern sub-Alpine region)
- Lieutenant-General Joachim Witthöft
Corps Kübler (Adriatic coastal region)
- Lieutenant-General Ludwig Kübler
- 278th Infantry Division (most of) (Major-General Harry Hoppe)
- Molony, pp. 14, 247 & 248
- Molony, p. 69.
- Molony, p. 70.
- Molony, pp. 51 & 150.
- Carver, Field Marshal Lord (2001). The Imperial War Museum Book of the War in Italy 1943-1945. London: Sidgwick & Jackson. ISBN 0-330-48230-0.
- Clark, LLoyd (2006). Anzio: The Friction of War. Italy and the Battle for Rome 1944. Headline Publishing Group, London. ISBN 978-0-7553-1420-1.
- Houterman, Hans; Koppes, Jeroen. "World War II unit histories and officers". Retrieved 2007-08-06.
- Joslen, Lt-Col H.F. (2003) [1st. pub. HMSO:1960]. Orders of Battle: Second World War, 1939–1945. Uckfield: Naval and Military Press. ISBN 9781843424741. OCLC 65152579.
- Molony, Brigadier C.J.C.; with Flynn, Captain F.C. (R.N.); Davies, Major-General H.L. & Gleave, Group Captain T.P. (2004) [1st. pub. HMSO:1984]. Butler, Sir James, ed. The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume VI: Victory in the Mediterranean, Part 1 - 1st April to 4th June 1944. History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Revised by Jackson, General Sir William. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. pp. 14–15. ISBN 1-84574-070-X.
- "Orders of Battle.com". Retrieved 2007-08-06.
- Wendell, Marcus. "Axis History Factbook: German army order of battle". Retrieved 2007-08-06.