Cloud from the Baneberry nuclear test
|Number of tests||12|
|Max. yield||200 kilotons|
|Previous test||Operation Mandrel|
|Next test||Operation Grommet|
The Baneberry blast was notable for the 6.7 million curies (250 petabecquerels) of radioactive material that escaped through unanticipated cracks in the ground. A six month moratorium was placed on the US nuclear testing program while the cause of the venting was investigated.
A test may be either single or a salvo test. A salvo test consists in two or more explosions "where a period of time between successive individual explosions does not exceed 5 seconds and where the burial points of all explosive devices can be connected by segments of straight lines, each of them connecting two burial points and does not exceed 40 kilometers in length". It is therefore evident that the number of tests is not always the same as the number of devices tested.
List of detonations
|Name[tblNotes 1]||Date Time (UT[tblNotes 2])||Location[tblNotes 3]||Elevation + Height[tblNotes 4]||Delivery[tblNotes 5]||Purpose[tblNotes 6]||Device[tblNotes 7]||Yield[tblNotes 8]||Venting[tblNotes 9]||Notes|
|Scree-Alhambra - 2||October 13, 1970 15:00:05.02||NTS Area U9itsz21||1,273 metres (4,177 ft) - 192 metres (630 ft)||Underground shaft||Weapons development||2 kt||Noted on site||Simultaneous, separate holes.|
|Scree-Chamois - 3||October 13, 1970 15:00:05.02||NTS Area U9itsz24||1,275 metres (4,183 ft) + 0||Underground shaft||Safety experiment||less than 20 kt||Noted on site||Simultaneous, separate holes.|
|Scree-Acajou - 1||October 13, 1970 15:00:05.02||NTS Area U9itsx24||1,269 metres (4,163 ft) - 249.33 metres (818.0 ft)||Underground shaft||Weapons development||1 kt||Noted on site, 11Ci||Simultaneous, separate holes.|
|Tijeras||October 14, 1970 14:00:30.04||NTS Area U7y||1,249 metres (4,098 ft) - 560.62 metres (1,839.3 ft)||Underground shaft||Weapons development||89 kt|
|Truchas-Chacon - 1||October 28, 1970 14:00:30.03||NTS Area U3hn||1,182 metres (3,878 ft) - 118.38 metres (388.4 ft)||Underground shaft||Safety experiment||unknown yield||Noted on site||Simultaneous, separate holes.|
|Truchas-Chamisal - 2||October 28, 1970 14:00:30.04||NTS Area U3ho||1,182 metres (3,878 ft) - 118 metres (387 ft)||Underground shaft||Safety experiment||unknown yield||Noted on site, 3Ci||Simultaneous, separate holes.|
|Truchas-Rodarte - 3||October 28, 1970 14:00:30.04||NTS Area U3hm||1,183 metres (3,881 ft) + 0||Underground shaft||Weapons development||8 kt||Noted on site||Simultaneous, separate holes.|
|Abeytas||November 5, 1970 15:00:00.04||NTS Area U3gx||1,188 metres (3,898 ft) - 393.46 metres (1,290.9 ft)||Underground shaft||Weapons development||20 kt|
|Penasco||November 19, 1970 15:00:00.04||NTS Area U3hl||1,183 metres (3,881 ft) - 270.92 metres (888.8 ft)||Underground shaft||Weapons development||2 kt|
|Corazon - 2 (with Corrizozo)||December 3, 1970 15:00:07.04||NTS Area U3ha||1,180 metres (3,870 ft) - 241.12 metres (791.1 ft)||Underground shaft||Weapons development||100 t|
|Carrizozo - 1 (with Corazon)||December 3, 1970 15:00:07.0||NTS Area U3hr||1,183 metres (3,881 ft) + 0||Underground shaft||Weapons development||less than 20 kt|
|Artesia||December 16, 1970 16:00:00.09||NTS Area U7x||1,302 metres (4,272 ft) - 484.83 metres (1,590.6 ft)||Underground shaft||Weapons development||45 kt|
|Avens-Andorre - 1||December 16, 1970 16:00:00.17||NTS Area U9itst28||1,264 metres (4,147 ft) + 0||Underground shaft||Weapons development||4 kt||Noted on site||Simultaneous, separate holes.|
|Avens-Alkermes - 2||December 16, 1970 16:00:00.17||NTS Area U9itsu24||1,262 metres (4,140 ft) + 0||Underground shaft||Weapons development||4 kt||Noted on site||Simultaneous, separate holes.|
|Avens-Asamite - 3||December 16, 1970 16:00:00.17||NTS Area U9itsw21||1,264 metres (4,147 ft) + 0||Underground shaft||Weapons development||4 kt||Noted on site||Simultaneous, separate holes.|
|Avens-Cream - 4||December 16, 1970 16:00:00.17||NTS Area U9itsx29||1,271 metres (4,170 ft) - 292.91 metres (961.0 ft)||Underground shaft||Weapons development||20 kt||Noted on site, 66Ci||Simultaneous, separate holes.|
|Canjilon||December 16, 1970 16:00:00.05||NTS Area U3fq||1,227 metres (4,026 ft) - 302.19 metres (991.4 ft)||Underground shaft||Weapons development||less than 20 kt|
|Carpetbag||December 17, 1970 16:00:05.16||NTS Area U2dg||1,284 metres (4,213 ft) - 661.42 metres (2,170.0 ft)||Underground shaft||Weapons development||220 kt||Noted, 5Ci|
|Baneberry||December 18, 1970 15:00:30.2||NTS Area U8d||1,367 metres (4,485 ft) - 277.98 metres (912.0 ft)||Underground shaft||Weapons development||10 kt||Noted off site, 6.7Mci||6 month moratorium caused by 6.7 megacuries escaped radiation in this test.|
|Embudo||June 16, 1971 14:00:50.04||NTS Area U3hd||1,191 metres (3,907 ft) - 303.06 metres (994.3 ft)||Underground shaft||Weapons development||18 kt|
|Dexter||June 23, 1971 14:00:00.04||NTS Area U3hs||1,182 metres (3,878 ft) - 119.94 metres (393.5 ft)||Underground shaft||Safety experiment||less than 20 kt|
|Laguna||June 23, 1971 15:00:30.04||NTS Area U3fd||1,186 metres (3,891 ft) - 454.92 metres (1,492.5 ft)||Underground shaft||Weapons development||20 kt|
|Harebell||June 24, 1971 14:00:00.16||NTS Area U2br||1,287 metres (4,222 ft) - 518.77 metres (1,702.0 ft)||Underground shaft||Weapons development||38 kt||Noted, 840Ci|
|Camphor||June 29, 1971 18:00:30.16||NTS Area U12g.10||2,289 metres (7,510 ft) - 423.67 metres (1,390.0 ft)||Underground tunnel||Weapon effect||20 kt||Noted on site, 220Ci|
- An appended number represents a member of a salvo test. They usually all have the same name, like Tub-A, Tub-B, ..., but early on had separate names, so other members are denoted by "(with xyz)".
- Universal Time at the Nevada National Security Site is 8 hours after local time; UT dates are one day after local date for UT times after 16:00.
- Rough place name and a Latitude/Longitude reference. Some are extremely accurate; others (like airdrops and space blasts) may be quite inaccurate. Many have pro-forma rough locations, shared with others in that same area.
- Elevation is the ground level at the point directly below the explosion relative to sea level; height is the additional distance added or subtracted by tower, balloon, shaft, tunnel or other contrivance. For air bursts it is the absolute altitude of the explosion disregarding ground level (though the ground level is given for comparison), and for rockets the ground level is "N/A".
- Atmospheric, airdrop, balloon, gun, cruise missile, rocket, surface, tower, barge and cratering are all outlawed by the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. Sealed shaft and tunnel are underground, and remained lawful.
- Include weapons development, weapon effects, safety test, transport safety test, war, science, joint verification and industrial/peaceful, which may be further broken down.
- Designations for test items where applicable, nicknames for individual bombs in quotes. US names are "Mark #" or "B#" for bombs, "W#" for rocket warheads, "X#" for experimental, plus names like "Piccolo". "Primary" refers to a test of only the primary (fission) stage of a multi-stage bomb.
- Estimated energy yield in tonnes, kilotonnes, and megatonnes (and yes, they are all metric units).
- Emissions to atmosphere, where known. No entry means unknown, probably none; otherwise notation for whether measured on the site only or off the site, and the maximum amount released, in Curies ("Ci") with metric prefixes.
- Radiological Effluents Released from U.S. Continental Tests, 1961 Through 1992.
- 2004, March 23. Nuclear Testing Hearing Transcript.
- Mikhailov, V. N., Editor in Chief. Catalog of World Wide Nuclear Testing. Begell-Atom, LLC.
- United States Nuclear Tests: July 1945 through September 1992 (Revision 15). Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office. December 2000. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
- Yang, Xiaoping; North, Robert; Romney, Carl (August 2000). CMR Nuclear Explosion Database (Revision 3). SMDC Monitoring Research. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
- Official list of underground nuclear explosions. Sandia National Laboratories. July 1994. Retrieved 2013-Oct-31.
- Bolt, Bruce A (1976). Nuclear Explosions and Earthquakes: The Parted Veil. W.H. Freeman and Co. (San Francisco, CA).
- Norris, Robert Standish; Cochran, Thomas B. (1 February 1994). "United States nuclear tests, July 1945 to 31 December 1992". Nuclear Weapons Databook Working Paper (Washington, DC: Natural Resources Defense Council). NWD 94-1. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
- Radiological Effluents Released from U.S. Continental Tests 1961 Through 1992. DOE/NV-317 Rev. 1. DOE Nevada Operations Office. August 1996. Retrieved 2013-10-31.
- Hechanova, Anthony E.; O'Donnell, James E. (25 September 1998). Estimates of yield for nuclear tests impacting the groundwater at the Nevada Test Site. Nuclear Science and Technology Division.