Operation Enduring Freedom – Caribbean and Central America
Operation Enduring Freedom – Caribbean and Central America (OEF-CCA) is the name of a U.S.-led regional military operation initiated in 2008, under the control of United States Southern Command. It has a focus on counter-terrorism and is part of the larger Operation Enduring Freedom which was begun in a response to the terrorist attacks of 9/11.
Operations and costs
As part of this mission, in Fiscal Year 2009, elements of the 7th Special Forces Group were deployed to eight Central and South American nations: Belize, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Honduras, Trinidad & Tobago, Guyana, and Suriname.
In 2008, a $13.8 million CT Unit Train and Equip budget was allocated to Belize, Honduras, Guyana and Suriname. An additional $12.9 million Counterterrorism Capabilities budget was allocated to Mexico.
"No known operational cells"
According to a Congressional Research Service report published in February 2011, "In its 2009 Country Reports on Terrorism (issued in August 2010), the State Department maintained that terrorism in the region was primarily perpetrated by terrorist organizations in Colombia and by the remnants of radical leftist Andean groups. Overall, however, the report maintained that the threat of a transnational terrorist attack remained low for most countries in the hemisphere." The report concluded, "The State Department maintains that there are no known operation cells of either Al Qaeda or Hezbollah-related groups in the hemisphere, although it notes that ideological sympathizers continue to provide financial and moral support to these and other terrorist groups in the Middle East and South Asia."
- US Admiral says Caribbean possible terrorist threat
- "7th Special Forces Group (Airborne) Command Operations Brief". Retrieved 2011-05-18.
- "U.S. Aid from Section 1206 Train and Equip Authority, Entire Region, 2007-2012". Just the Facts. Retrieved 2011-05-18.
- "Latin America: Terrorism Issues". Congressional Research Service. 2011-02-23. Retrieved 2011-05-18.
- Statement of Admiral James G. Stavridis, United States Navy Commander, United States Southern Command Before the House Committee on Appropriations Subcommittee on Defense, March 5, 2008