Operation Fusileer

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Fusileer
Information
Country United States
Test site NTS Area 12, Rainier Mesa; NTS Area 19, 20, Pahute Mesa; NTS, Areas 1-4, 6-10, Yucca Flat
Period 1983-1984
Number of tests 16
Test type underground shaft, underground tunnel
Max. yield 150 kilotonnes of TNT (630 TJ)
Navigation
Previous test series Operation Phalanx
Next test series Operation Grenadier

Operation Fusileer[1] was a series of 16 nuclear tests conducted by the United States in 1983-1984 at the Nevada Test Site. These tests followed the Operation Phalanx series and preceded the Operation Grenadier series.

United States' Fusileer series tests and detonations
Name [note 1] Date time (UT) Local time zone [note 2][2] Location [note 3] Elevation + height [note 4] Delivery [note 5]
Purpose [note 6]
Device [note 7] Yield [note 8] Fallout [note 9] References Notes
Muggins 9 December 1983 16:00:00.11 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U3ls 37°00′46″N 116°02′47″W / 37.01274°N 116.04643°W / 37.01274; -116.04643 (Muggins) 1,188 m (3,898 ft) - 243.84 m (800.0 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
1.5 kt [1][3][4][5][6]
Romano 16 December 1983 18:30:00.09 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U2ex 37°08′25″N 116°04′23″W / 37.1404°N 116.07294°W / 37.1404; -116.07294 (Romano) 1,287 m (4,222 ft) - 515 m (1,690 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
29 kt I-131 venting detected, 0 [1][5][6][7][8][9]
Gorbea 31 January 1984 15:30:00.085 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U2cq 37°06′48″N 116°07′20″W / 37.11334°N 116.12229°W / 37.11334; -116.12229 (Gorbea) 1,344 m (4,409 ft) - 388 m (1,273 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
20 kt Venting detected, 12 Ci (440 GBq) [1][5][6][8][9]
Midas Myth/Milagro 15 February 1984 17:00:00.11 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U12t.04 37°13′17″N 116°10′54″W / 37.22135°N 116.181572°W / 37.22135; -116.181572 (Midas Myth/Milagro) 2,044 m (6,706 ft) - 360.9 m (1,184 ft) underground tunnel,
weapon effect
20 kt [1][5][6] 14 injured, 1 died in unexpected crater collapse following test; the only fatality from testing at NTS. Unlike other tunnel tests, Milagro required high speed video links, so a data trailer park was built above it.
Tortugas 1 March 1984 17:45:00.09 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U3gg 37°03′57″N 116°02′50″W / 37.06572°N 116.04716°W / 37.06572; -116.04716 (Tortugas) 1,216 m (3,990 ft) - 638.6 m (2,095 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
150 kt [1][3][5][6][7]
Agrini 31 March 1984 14:30:00.084 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U2ev 37°08′47″N 116°05′06″W / 37.14648°N 116.08512°W / 37.14648; -116.08512 (Agrini) 1,304 m (4,278 ft) - 320 m (1,050 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
6 kt Venting detected on site, 690 Ci (26,000 GBq) [1][3][5][6][8][9]
Orkney 2 May 1984 13:50:00.09 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U10be 37°11′54″N 116°03′17″W / 37.19843°N 116.05484°W / 37.19843; -116.05484 (Orkney) 1,351 m (4,432 ft) - 210 m (690 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
250 t Venting detected, 0.5 Ci (19 GBq) [1][4][5][6][9]
Bellow 16 May 1984 16:00:00.085 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U4ac 37°05′33″N 116°05′39″W / 37.09244°N 116.09412°W / 37.09244; -116.09412 (Bellow) 1,266 m (4,154 ft) - 207.3 m (680 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
800 t [1][4][5][6]
Caprock 31 May 1984 13:04:00.102 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U4q 37°06′12″N 116°02′59″W / 37.10333°N 116.04967°W / 37.10333; -116.04967 (Caprock) 1,237 m (4,058 ft) - 599.85 m (1,968.0 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
120 kt Venting detected, 0.1 Ci (3.7 GBq) [1][5][6][7][8][9]
Duoro 20 June 1984 15:15:00.088 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U3lv 37°00′02″N 116°02′38″W / 37.00042°N 116.04399°W / 37.00042; -116.04399 (Duoro) 1,180 m (3,870 ft) - 379.78 m (1,246.0 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
20 kt [1][3][5][6][7]
Normanna 12 July 1984 14:00:00.087 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U10cb 37°11′31″N 116°02′07″W / 37.19194°N 116.03525°W / 37.19194; -116.03525 (Normanna) 1,315 m (4,314 ft) - 200 m (660 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
500 t [1][5][6]
Kappeli 25 July 1984 15:30:00.084 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U20am 37°16′04″N 116°24′42″W / 37.26771°N 116.41153°W / 37.26771; -116.41153 (Kappeli) 1,982 m (6,503 ft) - 640 m (2,100 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
80 kt Venting detected, 12 Ci (440 GBq) [1][5][6][8][9]
Correo 2 August 1984 15:00:00.09 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U3lw 37°01′01″N 116°00′31″W / 37.01681°N 116.00853°W / 37.01681; -116.00853 (Correo) 1,182 m (3,878 ft) - 334.1 m (1,096 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
10 kt [1][5][6]
Dolcetto 30 August 1984 14:45:00.102 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U7bi 37°05′23″N 116°00′01″W / 37.08975°N 116.00023°W / 37.08975; -116.00023 (Dolcetto) 1,291 m (4,236 ft) - 365.15 m (1,198.0 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
20 kt [1][5][6]
Wexford 30 August 1984 14:45:00.0 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U2cr 37°08′38″N 116°07′34″W / 37.14386°N 116.12615°W / 37.14386; -116.12615 (Wexford) 1,376 m (4,514 ft) - 314 m (1,030 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
less than 20 kt [1][5][6]
Breton 13 September 1984 14:00:00.0 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U4ar 37°05′11″N 116°04′21″W / 37.08639°N 116.0724°W / 37.08639; -116.0724 (Breton) 1,238 m (4,062 ft) - 483.11 m (1,585.0 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
33 kt Venting detected, 4 Ci (150 GBq) [1][5][6][7][8][9]
  1. ^ The US, France and Great Britain have code-named their test events, while the USSR and China did not, and therefore have only test numbers (with some exceptions – Soviet peaceful explosions were named). Word translations into English in parentheses unless the name is a proper noun. A dash followed by a number indicates a member of a salvo event. The US also sometimes named the individual explosions in such a salvo test, which results in "name1 – 1(with name2)". If test is canceled or aborted, then the row data like date and location discloses the intended plans, where known.
  2. ^ To convert the UT time into standard local, add the number of hours in parentheses to the UT time; for local daylight savings time, add one additional hour. If the result is earlier than 00:00, add 24 hours and subtract 1 from the day; if it is 24:00 or later, subtract 24 hours and add 1 to the day. All historical timezone data are derived from here:
  3. ^ Rough place name and a latitude/longitude reference; for rocket-carried tests, the launch location is specified before the detonation location, if known. Some locations are extremely accurate; others (like airdrops and space blasts) may be quite inaccurate. "~" indicates a likely pro-forma rough location, shared with other tests in that same area.
  4. ^ Elevation is the ground level at the point directly below the explosion relative to sea level; height is the additional distance added or subtracted by tower, balloon, shaft, tunnel, air drop or other contrivance. For rocket bursts the ground level is "N/A". In some cases it is not clear if the height is absolute or relative to ground, for example, Plumbbob/John. No number or units indicates the value is unknown, while "0" means zero. Sorting on this column is by elevation and height added together.
  5. ^ Atmospheric, airdrop, balloon, gun, cruise missile, rocket, surface, tower, and barge are all disallowed by the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. Sealed shaft and tunnel are underground, and remained useful under the PTBT. Intentional cratering tests are borderline; they occurred under the treaty, were sometimes protested, and generally overlooked if the test was declared to be a peaceful use.
  6. ^ Include weapons development, weapon effects, safety test, transport safety test, war, science, joint verification and industrial/peaceful, which may be further broken down.
  7. ^ Designations for test items where known, "?" indicates some uncertainty about the preceding value, nicknames for particular devices in quotes. This category of information is often not officially disclosed.
  8. ^ Estimated energy yield in tons, kilotons, and megatons. A ton of TNT equivalent is defined as 4.184 gigajoules (1 gigacalorie).
  9. ^ Radioactive emission to the atmosphere aside from prompt neutrons, where known. The measured species is only iodine-131 if mentioned, otherwise it is all species. No entry means unknown, probably none if underground and "all" if not; otherwise notation for whether measured on the site only or off the site, where known, and the measured amount of radiation released.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Yang, Xiaoping; North, Robert; Romney, Carl (August 2000), CMR Nuclear Explosion Database (Revision 3), SMDC Monitoring Research 
  2. ^ "Timezone Historical Database". iana.com. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d Operation Argus, 1958 (DNA6039F), Washington, DC: Defense Nuclear Agency, Department of Defense, retrieved 26 November 2013 
  4. ^ a b c Norris, Robert Standish; Cochran, Thomas B. (1 February 1994), "United States nuclear tests, July 1945 to 31 December 1992 (NWD 94-1)", Nuclear Weapons Databook Working Paper (Washington, DC: Natural Resources Defense Council), retrieved 2013-10-26 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Official list of underground nuclear explosions, Sandia National Laboratories, 1994-07-01, retrieved 2013-12-18 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p United States Nuclear Tests: July 1945 through September 1992 (DOE/NV-209 REV15), Las Vegas, NV: Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office, 2000-12-01, retrieved 2013-12-18 
  7. ^ a b c d e Hechanova, Anthony E.; O'Donnell, James E. (1998-09-25), Estimates of yield for nuclear tests impacting the groundwater at the Nevada Test Site, Nuclear Science and Technology Division 
  8. ^ a b c d e f Estimated exposures and thyroid doses received by the American people from Iodine-131 in fallout following Nevada atmospheric nuclear bomb tests, Chapter 2, National Cancer Institute, 1997, retrieved 2014-01-05 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g Radiological Effluents Released from U.S. Continental Tests 1961 Through 1992 (DOE/NV-317 Rev. 1), DOE Nevada Operations Office, August 1996, retrieved 2013-10-31