Operation Golden Fleece
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Greeks in Abkhazia
After World War II, ethnic Greeks of the Abkhaz ASSR were deported on Joseph Stalin's order in 1949-1950. They were allowed to return in the late 1950s, however their number never reached pre-deportation level.
- Kalamvrezos, Dionyssis (3 September 2008). "The anniversary of Operation Golden Fleece to evacuate diaspora Greeks from war in Abkhazia". Kathimerini. Retrieved 19 December 2008.[dead link]
- "The government’s orderly and thorough evacuation". Kathimerini. 1 September 2008. Retrieved 19 December 2008.[dead link]
- Otto Pohl, J. (1999). Ethnic Cleansing in the USSR, 1937-1949. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 119–128. ISBN 0-313-30921-3.
- 2003 Census statistics (Russian)