Operation München

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Operation München
Part of the Eastern Front of World War II
Bess7.JPG
Romanian cavalryman escorting Soviet prisoners
Date July 2 to July 24, 1941
Location Bessarabia, Northern Bukovina
Result Axis victory
Belligerents
Flag of the Soviet Union (1923-1955).svg Soviet Union Flag of Romania.svg Romania
Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Commanders and leaders
Flag of the Soviet Union (1923-1955).svg Ivan Tyulenev
Flag of the Soviet Union (1923-1955).svg P. G. Ponedelin
Flag of the Soviet Union (1923-1955).svg Yakov Cherevichenko
Flag of Romania.svg Ion Antonescu
Flag of Romania.svg Nicolae Ciupercă
Flag of Romania.svg Petre Dumitrescu
Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Eugen Ritter von Schobert
Units involved
Odessa Military District:
Flag of the Soviet Union (1923-1955).svg 9th Army
Flag of the Soviet Union (1923-1955).svg 12th Army
Flag of the Soviet Union (1923-1955).svg 18th Army
Army Group Antonescu:
Flag of Romania.svg 3rd Army
Flag of Romania.svg 4th Army
Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg 11th Army
Strength
Flag of the Soviet Union (1923-1955).svg 364,700 troops
700 tanks
1,750 aircraft
Flag of Romania.svg 325,685 troops[1]
201 tanks
672 aircraft
Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg 5 divisions, 420 aircraft
Casualties and losses
Total: 17,893
8,519 killed/missing, 9,374 wounded
255 aircraft[2]
Flag of Romania.svg Total: 21,738
4,112 killed, 12,120 wounded, 5,506 missing[3]
58 aircraft[4]
Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Unknown
To be distinguished from the German documentary film LH 615 – Operation München about the 1972 hijacking of a Lufthansa airliner.

Operation München (Operaţiunea München) was the Romanian codename of a joint German-Romanian offensive during the German invasion of the Soviet Union in World War II, with the primary objective of recapturing Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina, ceded by Romania to the Soviet Union a year before (Soviet occupation of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina).[5] The operation concluded successfully after 24 days of fighting. Axis formations involved included the Third Romanian Army, the Fourth Romanian Army, and the Wehrmacht Eleventh Army.[6] The invasion was followed by a genocide against the Jewish population of Bessarabia.[7]

Other "Operation Münchens"[edit]

Another "Operation München" took place in March 1942, in Lithuania.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Axworthy (1995), p. 45.
  2. ^ Axworthy (1995), p. 286
  3. ^ Axworthy (1995), p. 47.
  4. ^ Axworthy (1995), p. 286
  5. ^ Operation Barbarossa 1941: Army Group South - Page 41 Robert Kirchubel, Howard Gerrard - 2003 "Hitler finally felt chances of a Soviet ground attack were low enough that his far right flank could move out under Operation Munich. All Axis forces in Rumania nominally fell under the command of dictator Ion Antonescu."
  6. ^ Germany and the Axis powers from coalition to collapse R. L. DiNardo - 2005 "It was not until early July, once the Soviet offensive was spent, that the Romanian Fourth Army was ready to go over to the offensive.101 Operation Munchen turned out to be a somewhat staggered affair. Schobert's German Eleventh Army "
  7. ^ Deutsche und Juden in Bessarabien, 1814-1941 Mariana Hausleitner - 2005 "... größte Katastrophe für die Juden Bessarabiens war die Rückeroberung Bessarabiens durch die rumänische Armee im Juli 1941."
  8. ^ Rich man's war, poor man's fight: race, class, and power in the ... - Page 308 Jeanette Keith - 2004 "This air detachment was to be made ready for action as part of Operation Munich, an anti-partisan sweep planned to ... Operation Munich was launched on March 19. Supported by the newly created air detachment, German troops struck at ..."

Bibliography[edit]

  • Axworthy, Mark; Scafes, Cornel; Craciunoiu, Cristian (1995). Third Axis Fourth Ally: Romanian Armed Forces in the European War, 1941–1945. London: Arms & Armour Press. ISBN 1-85409-267-7.