Operation Papillon

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Operation Papillon
Part of the First Indochina War
French indochina napalm 1953-12 1.png
A Bearcat of the Aéronavale drops napalm on Viet Minh positions
Date April 1947
Location Hòa Bình Province, French Indochina

France French Union

North Vietnam Viet Minh

Operation Papillon (French: butterfly) was a large scale air and ground assault on the Viet Minh at Hòa Bình by the French Army and Air Force in April 1947, during the early stages of the First Indochina War.[1][2]


  1. ^ Boyne, Walter J. (2002-06-30). Air Warfare: an International Encyclopedia: A-L. ABC-CLIO. p. 320. ISBN 978-1-57607-345-2. 
  2. ^ Armitage, M. J.; Mason, R. A. (1983). Air power in the nuclear age. University of Illinois Press. pp. 49–50. ISBN 978-0-252-01030-9. 



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  • Fall, Bernard B. (1994). Street without joy. Stackpole Books. ISBN 978-0-8117-1700-7. 
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