Opisthorchiidae

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Opisthorchiidae
Clonorchis.jpg
Clonorchis sinensis under a light microscope.
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Platyhelminthes
Class: Trematoda
Order: Opisthorchiida
Family: Opisthorchiidae
Looss, 1899

Opisthorchiidae is a family of digenean parasitic flatworms. Opisthorchiidae have cosmopolitan distribution.[1]

The most medically important species in the family Opisthorchiidae are Clonorchis sinensis, Opisthorchis viverrini and Opisthorchis felineus,[1] that are causing disease clonorchiasis.[1]

Some species are parasites of economically important fish, e.g. Clarias gariepinus.[2]

Subfamilies[edit]

There are 13 subfamilies in the family Opisthorchiidae,[1] but their number is incosistent:[1]

  • Allogomtiotrematinae (Gupta, 1955) Yamaguti, 1958 - two genera
  • Aphallinae Yamaguti, 1958 - one genus
  • Delphinicolinae Yamaguti, 1933 - one genus
  • Diasiellinae Yamaguti, 1958 - one genus
  • Metorchiinae Luhe, 1909 - four genera
  • Oesophagicolinae Yamaguti, 1933 - one genus
  • Opisthorchiinae Yamaguti, 1899 - 14 genera
  • Pachytrematinae (Railliet, 1919) Ejsmont, 1931 - one genus
  • Plotnikoviinae (Skrjabin, 1945) Skrjabin et Petrov, 1950 - one genus
  • Pseudamphimerinae Skrjabin et Petrov, 1950 - three genera
  • Pseudamphistominae Yamaguti, 1958 - two genera
  • Ratziinae (Dollfus, 1929) Price, 1940 - one genus
  • Tubangorchiinae Yamaguti, 1958 - one genus

Genera[edit]

The family Opisthorchiidae consist of 33 valid genera:[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f King, S.; Scholz, T. Š. (2001). "Trematodes of the family Opisthorchiidae: A minireview". The Korean Journal of Parasitology 39 (3): 209–221. doi:10.3347/kjp.2001.39.3.209. PMC 2721069. PMID 11590910.  edit
  2. ^ Jansen van Rensburg, C., van As, J.G. & King, P.H. 2013. New records of digenean parasites of Clarias gariepinus (Pisces: Clariidae) from the Okavango Delta, Botswana, with description of Thaparotrema botswanensis sp. n. (Plathelminthes: Trematoda). African Invertebrates 54 (2): 431–446.[1]