Opium and Alkaloid Works
The enterprise's two factories specialize in the production of opium and the extraction of related alkaloids (such as Codeine phosphates, Morphine salts, Dionine, Morphine Hydrochloride, Thebaine, and more). It is the country's largest producer of opium-related products.
The Ghazipur factory began life as the Benaras Opium Agency, an entity of the East India Company, in 1820. The opium processed at Ghazipur was sent to Calcutta (now known as Kolkata) for auction, then shipped to the south China coast and smuggled into the country via the port of Canton (now known as Guangzhou). In 1945, the factory began extracting alkaloids in addition to processing opium. The Ghazipur opium factory is mentioned in the novel "Sea of Poppies" by Amitav Ghosh.
The Neemuch factory was founded in 1933. In 1976, it began extracting alkaloids in addition to processing opium.
The enterprise employs 1,432 people.
- Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs and Protocol Amending the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs (includes "Article 21" — Limitation of Production of Opium)
- PDF (14.1 KB) (Government of India)
- V.S. Ramanathan, P. Chandra. Recovery of thebaine and cryptopine from Indian opium (UNODC)
- Government Opium and alkaloid factories at a glance (Central Bureau of Narcotics)
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