Opochka

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Opochka (English)
Опочка (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Map of Russia - Pskov Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Pskov Oblast in Russia
Opochka is located in Pskov Oblast
Opochka
Opochka
Location of Opochka in Pskov Oblast
Coordinates: 56°43′N 28°39′E / 56.717°N 28.650°E / 56.717; 28.650Coordinates: 56°43′N 28°39′E / 56.717°N 28.650°E / 56.717; 28.650
Coat of Arms of Opochka (Pskov oblast).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of June 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Pskov Oblast
Administrative district Opochetsky District[1]
Administrative center of Opochetsky District[1]
Municipal status (as of July 2010)
Municipal district Opochetsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Opochka Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Opochetsky Municipal District, Opochka Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 11,603 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
Founded 1414[5]
Official website
Opochka on WikiCommons

Opochka (Russian: Опо́чка) is a town and the administrative center of Opochetsky District of Pskov Oblast, Russia, located on the Velikaya River, 130 kilometers (81 mi) south of Pskov. Municipally, it is incorporated as Opochka Urban Settlement in Opochetsky Municipal District.[2] Population: 11,603 (2010 Census);[3] 13,964 (2002 Census);[6] 16,190 (1989 Census).[7]

History[edit]

Opochka was founded in 1414. At the time, it was a fortress subordinate to Pskov and protecting it from the south. In 1426 it was sieged by the Lithuanians, and in 1427 by Germans, but it was not conquered. In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, it was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known since 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate).[5] Opochka is specifically mentioned as one of the towns making the governorate. In 1727, separate Novgorod Governorate was split off, and in 1772, Pskov Governorate (which between 1777 and 1796 existed as Pskov Viceroyalty) was established. Between 1772 and 1776, Opochka was the seat of the governorate.[8] In 1776 the borders of the governorate were considerably altered, the seat was relocated to Pskov, and Opochka became the administrative center of Opochetsky Uyezd.

On August 1, 1927, the uyezds were abolished, and Opochetsky District was established, with the administrative center in Opochka. The governorates were abolished as well, and the district became a part of Pskov Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were also abolished, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast. On January 29, 1935 the district was transferred to Kalinin Oblast, and on February 5 Opochetsky District became a part of Velikiye Luki Okrug of Kalinin Oblast, one of the okrugs abutting the state boundaries of the Soviet Union. On May 11, 1937 Opochka Okrug with the seat in Opochka was established, and the district was transferred to the okrug. On February 5, 1941 the okrug was abolished. Between July 8, 1941 and July 15, 1944, Opochka was occupied by German troops.[5] On August 22, 1944, the district was transferred to newly established Velikiye Luki Oblast. On October 2, 1957 Velikiye Luki Oblast was abolished, and Opochetsky District was transferred to Pskov Oblast.[9]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

There are enterprises of food and textile industries in Opochka.[10]

Transportation[edit]

The M20 highway which connects St. Petersburg and Vitebsk via Pskov crosses passes Opochka. Another road connects Opochka with Sebezh. There are also local roads.

Culture and recreation[edit]

The suspended bridge over the Velikaya River

Opochka contains five cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally thirty-four objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[11] The federally protected monuments are the Intercession Church, the postal station, the Kukolkin House, and the Chernyshyov House, as well as an archeological site.

Notable people[edit]

Opochka is the birthplace of architect Lev Rudnev and geologist Nikolai Kudryavtsev.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 58 229 501», в ред. изменения №226/2013 от 1 января 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 58 229 501, as amended by the Amendment #226/2013 of January 1, 2014. ).
  2. ^ a b c d Law #420-OZ
  3. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b c Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 330. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  6. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ Коломыцева, Н. В. "Псковской губернии 225 лет" (in Russian). Краеведческий архив Псковской области. Retrieved August 14, 2012. 
  9. ^ Герасимёнок, Т. Е.; Н. В. Коломыцева, И. С. Пожидаев, С. М. Фёдоров, К. И. Карпов (2002). Территориальное деление Псковской области (in Russian). Pskov. ISBN 5-94542-031-X. 
  10. ^ "Справочник предприятий Псковской области" (in Russian). Справочник предприятий Псковской области. Retrieved 14 August 2012. 
  11. ^ "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №833-оз от 5 февраля 2009 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Псковской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №20, 10 февраля 2009 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #833-oz of February 5, 2009 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Pskov Oblast. Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №420-оз от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области», в ред. Закона №1251-ОЗ от 7 февраля 2013 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 24 Закона Псковской области "Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №41-43, №44-46, №49-51, 4 марта 2005 г., 5 марта 2005 г., 11 марта 2005 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #420-oz of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast, as amended by the Law #1251-oz of February 7, 2013 On Amending Article 24 of the Law of Pskov Oblast "On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).