Oppland

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Oppland fylke
County
Utsiktgald1.jpg
Coat of arms of Oppland fylke
Coat of arms
Oppland within Norway
Oppland within Norway
Country Norway
County Oppland
Region Østlandet
County ID NO-05
Administrative centre Lillehammer
Government
 • Governor Kristin Hille Valla
  Centre Party
  (2001–present)
 • County mayor Audun Tron
  Labour Party
  (2003–present)
Area
 • Total 25,192 km2 (9,727 sq mi)
 • Land 23,787 km2 (9,184 sq mi)
Area rank #5 in Norway, 7.82% of Norway's land area
Population (2008)
 • Total 183,851
 • Rank 12 (4.01% of country)
 • Density 8/km2 (20/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 0.2 %
Demonym Opplending
Time zone CET (UTC+01)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02)
Official language form Neutral
Income (per capita) 133,600 NOK
GDP (per capita) 193,130 NOK (2001)
GDP national rank 13 (2.32% of country)
Website www.oppland.no
Data from Statistics Norway
Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1951 160,496 —    
1961 166,303 +3.6%
1971 172,479 +3.7%
1981 180,765 +4.8%
1991 182,593 +1.0%
2001 183,419 +0.5%
2011 186,087 +1.5%
2021? 197,672 +6.2%
2031? 208,286 +5.4%
Source: Statistics Norway.[1]
Religion in Oppland[2][3]
religion percent
Christianity
  
89.60%
Islam
  
0.72%
Buddhism
  
0.14%
Other
  
9.54%

About this sound Oppland  is a county in Norway, bordering Sør-Trøndelag, Møre og Romsdal, Sogn og Fjordane, Buskerud, Akershus, Oslo and Hedmark. The county administration is in Lillehammer. Oppland is, together with Hedmark, one of the only two landlocked counties of Norway.

Geography[edit]

Oppland extends from the lakes Mjøsa and Randsfjorden to the mountains Dovrefjell, Jotunheimen and Rondane. The county is conventionally divided into traditional districts. These are Gudbrandsdalen, Valdres, Toten, Hadeland and Land.

Oppland includes the towns Lillehammer, Gjøvik, Otta and Fagernes, and Norway's two highest mountains, Glittertind and Galdhøpiggen.

Several museums and other attractions are situated in Oppland and tourism is important to the economy, Valdres and Gudbrandsdal being popular attractions. The Gudbrandsdal surrounds the river Gudbrandsdalslågen, and includes the villages Øyer, Dovre and Dombås. Valdres includes the area extending from Jotunheimen down to Bagn at Begna river. It is a well known place for skiing and winter sports. The main population centres in this area are Beitostølen and Fagernes. Eight of the ten highest mountains in Norway are located in the western part of Oppland.

The name[edit]

In Norse times the inner parts of Norway were called Upplǫnd 'the upper countries'. The first element is upp 'upper'. The last element is lǫnd, the plural form of 'land'.

In 1757 the inner parts of the great Akershus amt were separated, and given the name Oplandenes Amt. This was divided in 1781 into Christians Amt (named after the king Christian VII) and Hedemarkens Amt. The name/form was changed to Kristians Amt in 1877 (after an official spelling reform that changed ch to k - see also Kristiania, Kristiansand and Kristiansund). In 1919 the name Kristians Amt was changed (back) to Opland fylke, and the form Oppland was settled in 1950.

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times (1989). It shows two Pulsatilla vernalis.

History[edit]

In the late Iron Age, Oppland was a petty kingdom.

Some kings of Oppland:

Municipalities[edit]

Location of Oppland Municipalities

Oppland County has a total of 26 municipalities:

  1. Dovre
  2. Etnedal
  3. Gausdal
  4. Gjøvik
  5. Gran
  6. Jevnaker
  7. Lesja
  8. Lillehammer
  9. Lom
  10. Lunner
  11. Nord-Aurdal
  12. Nord-Fron
  13. Nordre Land
  1. Østre Toten
  2. Øyer
  3. Øystre Slidre
  4. Ringebu
  5. Sel
  6. Skjåk
  7. Søndre Land
  8. Sør-Aurdal
  9. Sør-Fron
  10. Vågå
  11. Vang
  12. Vestre Slidre
  13. Vestre Toten

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Oppland at Wikimedia Commons