||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Norwegian (bokmål) Wikipedia. (July 2012)|
Oppland within Norway
|• Governor||Kristin Hille Valla
|• County mayor||Audun Tron
|• Total||25,192 km2 (9,727 sq mi)|
|• Land||23,787 km2 (9,184 sq mi)|
|Area rank||#5 in Norway, 7.82% of Norway's land area|
|• Rank||12 (4.01% of country)|
|• Density||8/km2 (20/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||0.2 %|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+01)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+02)|
|Official language form||Neutral|
|Income (per capita)||133,600 NOK|
|GDP (per capita)||193,130 NOK (2001)|
|GDP national rank||13 (2.32% of country)|
|Source: Statistics Norway.|
Oppland (help·info) is a county in Norway, bordering Sør-Trøndelag, Møre og Romsdal, Sogn og Fjordane, Buskerud, Akershus, Oslo and Hedmark. The county administration is in Lillehammer. Oppland is, together with Hedmark, one of the only two landlocked counties of Norway.
Oppland extends from the lakes Mjøsa and Randsfjorden to the mountains Dovrefjell, Jotunheimen and Rondane. The county is conventionally divided into traditional districts. These are Gudbrandsdalen, Valdres, Toten, Hadeland and Land.
Several museums and other attractions are situated in Oppland and tourism is important to the economy, Valdres and Gudbrandsdal being popular attractions. The Gudbrandsdal surrounds the river Gudbrandsdalslågen, and includes the villages Øyer, Dovre and Dombås. Valdres includes the area extending from Jotunheimen down to Bagn at Begna river. It is a well known place for skiing and winter sports. The main population centres in this area are Beitostølen and Fagernes. Eight of the ten highest mountains in Norway are located in the western part of Oppland.
In Norse times the inner parts of Norway were called Upplǫnd 'the upper countries'. The first element is upp 'upper'. The last element is lǫnd, the plural form of 'land'.
In 1757 the inner parts of the great Akershus amt were separated, and given the name Oplandenes Amt. This was divided in 1781 into Christians Amt (named after the king Christian VII) and Hedemarkens Amt. The name/form was changed to Kristians Amt in 1877 (after an official spelling reform that changed ch to k - see also Kristiania, Kristiansand and Kristiansund). In 1919 the name Kristians Amt was changed (back) to Opland fylke, and the form Oppland was settled in 1950.
The coat-of-arms is from modern times (1989). It shows two Pulsatilla vernalis.
Some kings of Oppland:
- Eystein, father of Åsa who married Halfdan Hvitbeinn (see Ynglinga Saga, paragraph 49)
- Halfdan "the Aged" Sveidasson (c. 750)
- Ivar Halfdansson (c. 770)
- Eystein "Glumra (the Noisy)" Ivarsson, son-in-law of Ragnvald the Mountain-High and father of Ragnvald Eysteinsson (788)
Oppland County has a total of 26 municipalities: